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Vidovdan (Serbian Cyrillic: Видовдан, "St. Vitus Day") is a Serbian national and religious holiday, a slava (feast day) celebrated on 28 June (Gregorian calendar), or 15 June according to the Julian calendar, in use by the Serbian Orthodox Church to venerate St. Vitus. The Serbian Church designates it as the memorial day to Saint Prince Lazar and the Serbian holy martyrs who fell during the Battle of Kosovo against the Ottoman Empire on 15 June 1389 (according to the Julian calendar). It is an important part of Serb ethnic and Serbian national identity.[1]

Vidovdan
Vidovdan na Gazimestanu 2009. godine.JPG
Vidovdan celebration at Gazimestan monument (2009)
Observed bySerbs (Serbian Orthodox)
ObservancesFeast day
Date28 June (Gregorian calendar)
15 June (Julian calendar)
Frequencyannual
Related toSlava

EventsEdit

 
British wartime poster promoting solidarity and friendship with the Serbian allies during the Serbian Campaign of World War I

Vidovdan, 15 June Julian (equivalent to 28 June Gregorian in the 20th and 21st centuries), is considered a date of special importance to ethnic Serbs, with the following events taking place on Vidovdan, but are expressed here in the Gregorian calendar:

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Đorđević 1990.
  2. ^ "Battle of Kosovo", Wikipedia, 28 June 2019, retrieved 28 June 2019
  3. ^ Emmert, Thomas Allan (1990). Serbian Golgotha: Kosovo, 1389. East European Monographs. ISBN 978-0-88033-175-3.
  4. ^ Daniel Waley; Peter Denley (2013). Later Medieval Europe: 1250-1520. Routledge. p. 255. ISBN 978-1-317-89018-8. ""
  5. ^ Ian Oliver (2005). War and Peace in the Balkans: The Diplomacy of Conflict in the Former Yugoslavia. I.B.Tauris. p. vii. ISBN 978-1-85043-889-2.
  6. ^ John Binns (2002). An Introduction to the Christian Orthodox Churches. Cambridge University Press. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-521-66738-8. "The battle is remembered as a heroic defeat, but historical evidence suggests an inconclusive draw."
  7. ^ John K. Cox (2002). The History of Serbia. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-313-31290-8. "The Ottoman army probably numbered between 30,000 and 40,000. They faced something like 15,000 to 25,000 Eastern Orthodox soldiers. [...] Accounts from the period after the battle depict the engagement at Kosovo as anything from a draw to a Christian victory."
  8. ^ Isabelle Dierauer (16 May 2013). Disequilibrium, Polarization, and Crisis Model: An International Relations Theory Explaining Conflict. University Press of America. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-7618-6106-5.
  9. ^ Manfried Rauchensteiner, Der Erste Weltkrieg und das Ende der Habsburgermonarchie 1914–1918, 2013, p. 87
  10. ^ (Rakočević 1997, p. 313)
  11. ^ Treaty of Versailles Signatures and Protocol
  12. ^ Robert J. Donia, John Van Antwerp Fine; Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition Betrayed. Columbia University Press, 1995. (p. 126)
  13. ^ "Resolution of the Information Bureau Concerning the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, June 28, 1948". Modern History Sourcebook. Fordham University. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  14. ^ Ramet 2006, p. ?.
  15. ^ The Kosovo Conflict and International Law: An Analytical Documentation 1974-1999, ed. Heike Krieger, pp. 10-11. Cambridge University Press, 2001; ISBN 0-521-80071-4. online version in Milošević's official website
  16. ^ "Milosevic extradited". BBC News. 28 June 2001. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  17. ^ "GENERAL ASSEMBLY APPROVES ADMISSION OF MONTENEGRO TO UNITED NATIONS, INCREASING NUMBER OF MEMBER STATES TO 192". United Nations. 28 June 2006. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  18. ^ "Kosovo Serbs launch new assembly". BBC News. 28 June 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  19. ^ "Reopening of national museum in Belgrade". The Associated Press. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

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