Vidhwansak (Sanskrit: "The Destroyer") is an Indian multi-caliber anti-materiel rifle (AMR) or large-caliber sniper rifle manufactured by Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli. It can be used in the anti-materiel role for destroying enemy bunkers, lightly armoured vehicles, radar systems, communication equipment, parked aircraft, fuel storage facilities, etc. It is also effective in long-range sniping, counter sniping and ordnance disposal roles.
|Place of origin||India|
|In service||2007 -|
|Used by||See Users|
|Designer||Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli|
|Manufacturer||Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli|
|Specifications (12.7 mm variant)|
|Barrel length||1.1 m|
|Calibre||14.5×114mm, 12.7×108mm, 20x82mm|
|Barrels||8 Grooved, 1.1 m length, Quick Change type, 8 Grooved, 1.22 m Length, Quick Change type|
|Action||Manual Bolt Action, recoiling barrel|
|Muzzle velocity||1,080 m/s|
|Effective firing range||1,800 m|
|Maximum firing range||2,300 m|
|Feed system||3-round magazine|
|Sights||8X42 Power Telescopic sight with Parallax adjustment|
The Ordnance Factory Tiruchirapalli in association with the Defence Research and Development Organisation developed an anti-materiel rifle Vidhwansak in November 2005. The Denel NTW-20 rifle was used as a starting point for the design. After all-terrain and all-weather trials, the user trials began in March 2006. Production began in February 2007. After trials, the Border Security Force ordered 100 Vidhwansaks for use in the border areas. These were supplied by October 2008. The rifle has also been offered to the Indian Army and the National Security Guards. However, the Indian Army chose not to bring the Vidhwansak into use as it did not meet the weight requirements.
It is being sold at the cost of Rs 10 lakh (about $20,000) as of 2011.
Vidhwansak is a manually operated, rotating bolt-action rifle. The barrel along with the receiver recoil inside the chassis frame against a damping system. The rifle is fed from a detachable box magazine that is inserted from the left side. The rifle can be quickly disassembled and carried in two man-portable packs, each weighing about 12 to 15 kg. A muzzle brake is fitted on the end of the barrel which absorbs an estimated 50-60% of recoil. This is further supplemented by a buffered slide in the receiver. Vidhwansak is equipped with an 8X magnification, long-eye-relief telescopic sight with parallax adjustment. A 12X ballistic scope can also be attached.
Vidhwansak AMR is one of the few firearms to support 3 calibers with quick interchangeability (without completely disassembling and reworking the weapon). The Vidhwansak can be easily converted between the three calibers - 12.7 mm, 14.5 mm and 20 mm, by replacing the barrel, bolt and magazine, which takes about 1 minute in the field, without the need for any specialized tools.
|Weight||25 kg||29 kg||26 kg|
|Overall Length||1.7 m||2.015 m||1.795 m|
|Barrel||8 Grooved, 1.1 m length, Quick Change type||8 Grooved, 1.22 m Length, Quick Change type||8 Grooved, 1 m Length, Quick Change Type|
|Pitch of Rifle||1: 390 mm||1 : 420 mm||1 : 560 mm|
|Sights||8 X 42 power telescopic sight with parallax adjustment|
|Muzzle Velocity||845 m/s||1,080 m/s||720 m/s|
|Range||1,800 m||2,300 m||1,300 m|
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- Manufacturer information - Vidhwansak at OFB website.