Viana, Espírito Santo

Viana is a municipality in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. It is located 18 km southwest of Vitória on the road to Minas Gerais. Its population was 59,458 (2005) and its area is 312 km2.[1] Though it is part of the Greater Vitória metropolitan area, it still maintains a much more laid-back feeling. Marked by its first church dedicated to Nossa Senhora da Conceição (built on March 22, 1817) atop a little mound in the middle of the town all those who pass it on their way to and from Minas Gerais appreciate its imposing landmark. The town also has a railway museum at the railway station inaugurated on 13 July 1895 by the English. The municipality borders Vitória (E), Cariacica (N), Domingos Martins (W) and Guarapari (S).

Viana, Espírito Santo
Municipality
Municipality of Viana
Município de Viana
Flag of Viana, Espírito Santo
Flag
Official seal of Viana, Espírito Santo
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Princesinha do Rio Solimões
( Princess of the Solimões River )
Motto(s): 
Desenvolvimento para todos
( Development for all )
Location in Viana, Espírito Santo
Location in Viana, Espírito Santo
Viana, Espírito Santo is located in Brazil
Viana, Espírito Santo
Viana, Espírito Santo
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 20°23′24″S 40°21′45″W / 20.39000°S 40.36250°W / -20.39000; -40.36250Coordinates: 20°23′24″S 40°21′45″W / 20.39000°S 40.36250°W / -20.39000; -40.36250
Country Brazil
MesoregionCentral Espírito-Santense
StateBandeira do Espírito Santo.svg Espírito Santo
FoundedJuly 23, 1862
Government
 • MayorGilson Daniel (PV)
Area
 • Total311.608 km2 (120.313 sq mi)
Elevation
34 m (112 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total64,999
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (BRST)
Demonymvianense

HistoryEdit

In 1846, 39 families from North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate (then known as Rheinpreussen in German, or Prússia Renana in Portuguese) arrived at Vitória on the 21st of December to settle what is now Viana, as this was the first allotted land they received from the government. In 1857, though, most of them moved on to found Santa Isabel Colony on 27 January 1857.

In the 1890s, Viana was a prosperous colony of mainly Azorean immigrants. In 1891 Santa Isabel became a municipality independent from Viana in what used to be its mountainous region. In 1961, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Viana.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ IBGE - "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 9, 2007. Retrieved August 3, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)