The Vall de Núria Rack Railway (Catalan: Cremallera de Núria, IPA: [kɾəməˈʎeɾə ðə ˈnuɾiə]) is a mountain railway in the Pyrenees mountains in the north of the Catalonia region of Spain. The line connects Ribes de Freser with Queralbs and Vall de Núria in Ripollès, Girona. As Queralbs is the highest point in the valley reachable by road, the rack railway is – along with the old footpath / mule track – the only way to reach the shrine and ski resort at Núria.
|Cremallera de Núria|
|Owner||Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya|
|Locale||Pyrenees in the north of Catalonia|
|Opened||March 22, 1931|
|Line length||12.5 km (7.8 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3+3⁄8 in) metre gauge|
|Electrification||1500 V DC Overhead line|
Cremallera de Núria
The line opened on March 22, 1931, and has been electrically operated from the start. It became part of the Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC) on January 2, 1984 and remains in their ownership. The line connects to the main R3 line at Ribes de Freser, but the stations have separate access.
The line is 12.5 km (7.8 mi) long and has a rail gauge of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+3⁄8 in). The first 5.5 km (3.4 mi) of the line is operated by conventional rail adhesion. The remainder of the line is operated as a rack railway, using the Abt system and with a maximum gradient of 15%. In total the line overcomes a height difference of 1,062 m (3,484 ft). The line is electrified with an overhead supply at 1500 V DC.
Three generations of rolling stock exist on the line. The original stock consisted of passenger cars hauled by four six-wheeled electric locomotives, numbered E1-E4, built by SLM and BBC in 1930–31. They were supplemented by four two-car electric trains numbered A5-A8, built by SLM and BBC in 1985.
The final generation is represented by two low-floor electric motor coaches of type Stadler GTW and numbered A10-A11, built by Stadler Rail in Switzerland in 2003. The line also owns a diesel rack locomotive, D9, used on works trains and to push the snow plough.
Cars A10 and A11 are identical to the rolling stock of the Montserrat Rack Railway. The Montserrat line is also owned by the FGC and some stock is shared between the lines. Locomotive E4 is transferred for use on work trains.
Rolling stock of the Montserrat Rack Railway are listed, if they are or were also used in Vall Núria
|Picture link||Number, name||type (UIC)||Year built||History||Additional info|
|E1 Virgen de Nuria
E2 Obispo Guitarat
E3 José Rogent *
E4 Ramon Albó
|Cb g2||1930||SLM 3368/BBC 2969
SLM 3369/BBC 2970
SLM 3370/BBC 2971
SLM 3371/BBC 2972
|E1 in working condition |
*ex Elias Rogent
E4 2003 to Montserrat
|D9||Bbo de||1995||Stadler 237/SLM/ABB||Also used on the Montserrat line D9|
|L09||2 dhs||1995||Stadler 238/MAN/Zaugg||Rotary snow plough L09+D9|
|DM6||Bbo de||2004||Stadler||Built for Montserrat line, transferred to Vall Núria in 2006 DM6|
|2'Bbo 2' g2d||2003||Stadler 825–826||Cogwheel-GTW, same as AM1–AM5 (Montserrat). A10 transferred to Montserrat and repainted with Montserrat Rack Railway colors. It was renamed to "La Roca Foradada". A11 will be transferred soon to Montserrat.|
|H12||2'Bbo g2d-de||2019||Stadler||Dual-mode electro-diesel locomotive|
|11, 12, 21, 22, 23||B||1930||Abffw 11–12
|12 = Cinema carriage |
22 = Monument with E2
|01, 28||Haik||1930||Affw 1**, Bffw 28||Box car|
|02, 03, PM02||R||1930||Affw 2, Bffw 25, 24||Flat car |
(PM02 = Montserrat)
|27, 29||X||1930||Bffw 27, 29**||Service vehicle (27 = Montserrat) 29|
|Gk||1930||K52–K54||Small box cars |
70.951 ex K 52 = Tank car
|M44, 062||Kklm||1930||M44,M??||062 = Montserrat|
|P22–P26||Kkp||1964, 62||MGB/FO Uce 4861,62,67,
MGB/FO Gb-v 4433',
MGB/BVZ K 2641 (1962, 1989 ex X 2906)
|Flat cars |
P24 with cement mixer
P25–P26 with thermic container
|P27−P28||B||1949||MGB/FO B 4244–45
ex SBB A 182–183 (SWS)
|Bought in 2008, still with original livery, 4244 with auxiliary cab|
|B 2273 and Bt 2275||B||1963/98/19||MGB/BVZ B 2273 and 2275 (SIG, 1998 verlängert)||Bought in 2019, used with H12 and repainted blue in 2020 to match that locomotive|
|364.01||2 g1||1930||SLM 3469/BBC 3680||Rotary snow plough|
|KCw 29||Fd||Service vehicle for track ballast|
|T5||X||Catenary car, without cogwheel|
**) Original roster, built by Vereinigte Westdeutsche Waggonfabrik A.G., is said to have been formed of Affw 2, ABffw 11–15, Bffw 21–28 and Aaffw 51. However, box car 01 was rebuilt from Affw 1 and there was a Bffw 29; at the same time ABffw 13–15 and Bffw 26 were off the roster.
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