35°43′58″N 51°24′40″E / 35.732826°N 51.411112°E / 35.732826; 51.411112 Valiasr Street (Persian: خیابان ولی‌عصر) or Pahlavi Street (Persian: خیابان پهلوی)[1] is a tree-lined street in Tehran, dividing the metropolis into western and eastern parts which were built in 1922 to 1927 respectively, considering the end of asphalt plan it ended in 1933. It is considered one of Tehran's main thoroughfares and commercial centers. It is also the longest street in the Middle East,[2] and was reported as one of the longest in the world by former BBC (now Al Jazeera) journalist Rageh Omaar during the television documentary Welcome to Tehran.[3]

  • Valiasr Street
  • خیابان ولیعصر
Length17.9 km (11.1 mi)
From Tajrish Square
To Rahahan Square

The street was built by Reza Shah Pahlavi's order and called the Pahlavi Street. After the 1979 Islamic Revolution the street's name was changed initially to Mossadeq Street (in reference to the former nationalist prime minister Mohammad Mossadegh) and later to Valiasr (a reference to the 12th Shi'ite Imam[citation needed]). This vibrant, hub-like street is lined with many shops, restaurants, parks, and cultural centers situated along this long avenue.

Environmental concerns Edit

The plane trees of Valiasr Street have always been a major element of the street's identity and one of Tehran's irreplaceable landmarks. After the Islamic Revolution in Iran, due to severe mismanagement, the living conditions of the trees have been constantly deteriorated causing immense public concerns. The number of trees were decreased from 24,000 in 1946 to 12,000 in 1995. In 2012 only 8,288 trees were left. The main contributing issues are including but not limited to:

  • destruction of natural waterflow networks such as rivers and springs;
  • irregular watering;
  • water contamination;
  • soil contamination;
  • damages to the roots of the trees by the increased population of the rats, poor curbing, pouring concrete foundation for construction projects;
  • soil erosion and exposure of the tree roots to the air;
  • mistreatment of the trees by humans;
  • air pollution;
  • lack of sunlight exposure due to high-rise building. [4]

In only one of several incidents, in July 2022, a property owner poisoned 13 trees intentionally just for a better visibility of the building's façade.[5]

It was reported in 2023 that 179 trees on the street would be cut down and replaced.[6] The concern for the trees of Valiasr Street is reflected in the Grammy Award winning song Baraye.

Shopping Edit

Valiasr Avenue is the main Shopping street in Tehran and the whole of Iran. Many foreign chain stores have branches on this street like Benetton Group (three stores), Reebok, Adidas, etc. Many important shopping centers of Tehran are located on Valiasr street like the Tandis Center (located at the northeast point of the street at Tajrish Sq.), the Safavieh Mall,[7] the Eskan Shopping center and many more. Many luxury jewelry and accessories stores such as Rolex and Tag Heuer are located on this street. Furthermore, hundreds of other local stores are located at Valiasr.

Other Edit

Valiahd Sq. in 1977 (renamed Valiasr Sq. post-1979)
  • Many cinemas, restaurants, and hotels are located on this street.
  • Tehran City Theatre
  • Mellat Park and Saéi Park (two of Tehran's most visited parks)
  • jomhori Intersection Grand Bazzar
  • cinema museum
  • central building of the Iranian Red Crescent Organization
  • valiasr hospital
  • shahid rajaie Research-Therapeutic-Medical Center

Location Edit

Valiasr runs from Tehran's railway station (1,117 metres (3,665 ft) elevation above sea level) in the south of the city to the Tajrish square (1,612 metres (5,289 ft) elevation above sea level) in the north.

Valiasr runs for 12 miles (19.3 kilometers), north to south, and is filled with traffic at all hours, even until the early hours of the morning. The shops stay open late and the kiosks sell fresh fruit juice, coffee and newspapers.

  From North to South  

Tajrish Square
  Shahrdari Street
  Fana Khosro Street
    Pasyan Street
Parkway Junction
  Chamran Expressway
  Modares Expressway
    IRIB Road
    IRIB Road
    Niayesh Expressway
  Esfandyar Street
    Mirdamad Boulevard
Vanak Square
  Haghani Expressway
  Vanak Street
  Mollasadra Street
  Berezil Street
    Hemmat Expressway
    Abbaspur Street
    Beheshti Street
    Ostad Motahari Street
    Asadabadi Street
    Fatemi Street
Valiasr Square
  Karimkhan Zand Boulevard
  Keshavarz Boulevard
   Meydan-e Vali Asr Metro Station
    Taleqani Street
Valiasr Junction
  Enqelab Street
    Teatr-e Shahr Metro Station
    Jomhuri-ye Eslami Street
    Pastor Street
  Jami Street
    Emam Khomeini Street
   Daneshgah-e Emam Ali Metro Station
Moniriyeh Square
  Moayyeri Street
  Abu Said Street
   Moniriyeh Metro Station
    Qazvin Street
    Mowlavi Street
    Mokhtari Street
   Rahahan Metro Station
Rahahan Square
  Shush Street
  Kargar Street
  Tehran Railway Station
  From South to North  

Gallery Edit

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Karber, Phil (18 June 2012). Fear and Faith in Paradise: Exploring Conflict and Religion in the Middle East. ISBN 9781442214798.
  2. ^ "'Death to the dictator' chants fuel Tehran riot". Brisbane Times. 2009-06-15. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
  3. ^ "Welcome to Tehran – a journey by Rageh Omaar". BBC. 2006-11-03. Retrieved 2007-08-26.
  4. ^ "'بررسی علل خشک شدن چنارهای خیابان ولیعصر و راهکارهای احیای آن ها". Civilica (in Persian). Retrieved 2023-02-08.
  5. ^ "$3.8m Fine for Intentional Drying of Trees of Pahlavi Street". Independent Persian. 2 August 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
  6. ^ "شهرداری منطقه یک تهران: ۱۷۹ درخت در خیابان ولیعصر قطع خواهند شد". ایران اینترنشنال (in Persian). 2023-09-10. Retrieved 2023-09-10.
  7. ^ "about the shopping center".

External links Edit