The Vaigai Dam is built across the Vaigai River near Andipatti, in the Theni district of Tamil Nadu, southern India. Near the dam, the Government of Tamil Nadu has constructed an Agricultural Research Station for researching the growing of a variety of crops, including rice, sorghum, blackgram, cowpea and cotton.[2]

Vaiga dam full view.jpg
Vaigai Dam is located in Tamil Nadu
Vaigai Dam
Location of the Vaigai Dam in Tamil Nadu
Official nameவைகை அணை
LocationAndipatti, Theni district, Tamil Nadu
Coordinates10°03′12″N 77°35′23″E / 10.05333°N 77.58972°E / 10.05333; 77.58972Coordinates: 10°03′12″N 77°35′23″E / 10.05333°N 77.58972°E / 10.05333; 77.58972
Opening date29 January 1959
Dam and spillways
Height33.8 m (111 ft)
Length3,560 m (11,680 ft)
Total capacity174,000,000 m3 (6.144752010×109 cu ft)[1]
Power Station
Operator(s)Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Limited
Commission date3 April 1990
TypeGravity dam
Turbines2 x 3 MW
Installed capacity6 MW


Vaigai Dam was inaugurated on 21 January 1959[3] by Tamil Nadu chief Minister K. Kamaraj.[4] It One of the few dams which is not constructed in between two mountains so this dam completely depends on its own concrete strength. This dam is the life line of farmers of the five districts namely Theni, Dindigul, Madurai, Sivagangai and Ramanathapuram. It provides water for irrigation for the above-mentioned 5 districts as well as this dam also provides drinking water for major cities such as Theni, Madurai, Ramanathapuram, e.t.c. which lies along its riverbed.[5]


Vaigai Dam measures 111 ft in height and can store water up to 71 ft, with a total storage capacity of 6,143 mcft.[4][1]


Vaigai Dam is maintained by Water Resources Department[6] which in turn managed by the Tamil Nadu Public Works Department.

The dam is illuminated every Sunday as it is one of the premier picnic destinations in the region.

A significant improvement needed on the important spot of the park required on the elephant slide and painting the map model in the children park will definitely attract more visitors.


Vaigai Dam ParkEdit

A Small and beautiful park is maintained by the Water Resources Department on both sides of the Dam. A small bridge connects the two sides of the park in front of the dam. The park also have a children play area.

A mini train which takes the visitors a small round around the park till date was good to see.

A new addition is the pedal boating nearby the train was good. Everyone can enjoy it.

Vaigai Dam Hydroelectric Power PlantEdit

Vaigai Hydroelectric Power Plant was design capacity of 6 MW. It has 2 unit(s) of 3 MW each. The first unit was commissioned in 1990. It is operated by Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Limited (TANGEDCO).[8][9]

Upcoming developmentsEdit

Vaigai Dam is one of the 104 dams in Tamil Nadu that is proposed to be improved under the Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project ( DRIP).[10]


By Road:The dam is situated at 9 km from Andipatti, 14 km from Theni and 70 km from Madurai.

By Train:The nearest railway station is Andipatti Railway station which is located 10 km away from the dam.[11]

By Air:The nearest airport is Madurai Airport(IXM) which is 80 km away from the Dam. Air connectivity is available from Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, and Vijayawada. International connectivity is available to Colombo,[12] Dubai[13] and Singapore.



  1. ^ a b "Reservoir details" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Welcome to Agricultural Research Station, Vaigai Dam". Tamil Nadu Government. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
  3. ^ "Data" (PDF).
  4. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 February 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Water released from Vaigai dam for irrigationRiver Vaigai near Andipatti, the dam with a height of 111 feet can store 71 feet of water. It is 7 km from A ndipatti, 14 km from Theni and 70 km from Madurai. This dam was opened on January 21, 1959". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 9 August 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  6. ^ "Water Resources Department, Govt. of Tamil Nadu - Dams".
  7. ^ Anantharaman, Ambjuam (2006). Temples of South India (second ed.). East West. p. 127. ISBN 978-81-88661-42-8.
  8. ^ distribution., Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB) was formed on 1 July 1957 under section 54 of the Electricity (Supply) Act 1948 in the State of Tamil Nadu as a vertically integrated utility responsible for power generation, transmission and. "Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Limited (TANGEDCO)".
  9. ^ "Papanasam Hydroelectric Power Plant India - GEO".
  10. ^ "Details" (PDF).
  11. ^ "CRS holds speed trial on Usilampatti-Andipatti line | Madurai News - Times of India". The Times of India. TNN. 17 December 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  12. ^ Arockiaraj, J (21 September 2012). "Finally, Madurai gets international connectivity". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Business News, India Stock Market, Personal Finance, IPO, Financial News Headlines - The Financial Express". Archived from the original on 21 February 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2015.

External linksEdit