Owais al-Qarani

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Uwais ibn Amir ibn Jaz' ibn Malik al-Qarani (Arabic: أُوَيْس ٱبْن عَامِر ٱبْن جَزْء ٱبْن مَالِك ٱلْقَرَنِيّ‎, ʾUways ibn ʿĀmir ibn Jazʾ ibn Mālik al-Qaranīy), also spelled Uways or Owais, was a Muslim from Yemen who lived during the lifetime of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[2] His burial place is in Raqqa, Syria. Although he lived during the lifetime of Muhammad, he never physically met him so he is not counted among the Companions of the Prophet. He however met Muhammad's companion Omar and is therefore seen as from among the Tabi'un.[3] Among the Tabi'un he is specially known as Khayr al-Tabi'een (Arabic: خَيْر ٱلتَّابِعِين‎, lit.'The Best of the Tabi'un') and Sayyid al-Tabi'een Fi Zamanahu (Arabic: سَيِّد ٱلتَّابِعِين فِي زَمَانَه‎, lit.'Leader of the Tabi'un of his Era'). His memorial shrine is in al-Raqqah, Syria. It was destroyed by ISIS in 2013.[4]

Uwais al-Qarani
أُوَيْس ٱلْقَرَنِيّ
Father Name'Amir
BirthplaceQarn, Asir
Born594 CE
EthnicityAzd, Arab
KunyaAbu Amr
(أَبُو عَمْروْ)
Known ForBeing a follower of Muhammad and Ali[1]
Died3 Rajab 36 Hijri
(December 656 CE)
Burial PlaceRaqqa, Syria;
Memorial Shrine Raqqa, Syria
other purported tombs in Pakistan and Oman
Coordinates17°01′11″N 54°05′23″E
ReligionIslam
InfluencedSaints of the Uwaisi tradition
Revered bySunnis, Shias

LifeEdit

Uwais's father, Amir, was a strong believer in Islam. He died when Uwais was still young. His mother raised him; and therefore, he was very grateful to her. He never met Muhammad even though he lived in the same era. Therefore, he was in the class of "Tabiun". About Uwais, Muhammad said that, Uwais is the best for his good deeds and for his love for Allah amongst all Tabiun.[5]

ShrinesEdit

The main mausoleum and shrine of Owais al-Qarani is at Raqqa, Syria in the Ammar Ibn Yasir Mosque. On March 11, 2013 the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant bombed and heavily damaged the mosque of Uwais and Ammar ibn Yasir located in Raqqa.

There was another mosque that was named after Uwais in Mosul, Iraq, but it, too, was destroyed in 2014.[6]

There are also tombs in Pakistan and Oman that are revered because people believe Uwais is buried in them.

Uwaisi OrderEdit

The Uwaisi form of Islamic mysticism was named after Uwais, as it refers to the transmission of spiritual knowledge between two individuals without the need for physical interaction between them all.[7][8][9] For example the contemporary "Silsila Owaisi" order led by Shaykh Banaras Owaisi is active in the United Kingdom.[10]

Muhammadia Uwaisia OrderEdit

Muhamadia Uwaisia Order is blessed to Khawaja Shaykh Muhammad Owais Naqibi Qadri Suharwardi AbuAlAlai Naqshbandi, Chishti Sabri Jahangiri.

Shaykh Muhammad Owais was granted permission of Uwaisia silsila directly from Prophet Muhammad in his court in Madinah in 1st Shaban 1434 AH (2013 CE) and Muhammad blessed this silsila with the name "Mohammadia Uwaisia" (or "Muhammadia Uwaisia" or "Muhammadiya Uwaisia" or "Muhammdiya Owaisia"; Arabic: محمدئة أُوَيْسئة‎).[11]

Last shaykh of silsla Uwaisa was Nūr ad-Dīn 'Abd ar-Rahmān Jāmī (Persian: نورالدین عبدالرحمن جامی‎) (1414-1492 CE)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Desecration of the Mosque of the Companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw)– Ammar Ibn Yassir and Uwais Al-Qarni in Raqqa, Syria". www.world-federation.org. August 5, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
  2. ^ Beale, Oriental Bibliotheca
  3. ^ "The Hidden Owaisi Treasure".
  4. ^ 'Space archaeologists' and activists are using satellites to unearth history
  5. ^ Attar, Muslim Saints and Mystics, trans. A.J. Arberry, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983
  6. ^ "I29: Mosque (and shrine) of al-Sultan Uways with cemetery". www.monumentsofmosul.com. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
  7. ^ "The story of Uwais Al-Qarni – Sahih Muslim | AbdurRahman.Org". Salaf-us-saalih.com. 2009-07-23. Archived from the original on 2015-12-01. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
  8. ^ Mohammad, Inam (1978). Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar of Sehwan-Sharif. Royal Book Co. p. 87. ISBN 0-918437-21-0. See Amazon page ASIN: B0000CQRGQ. Original from the University of Michigan.
  9. ^ Kabbani, Shaykh M. Hisham (2004). Classical Islam and the Naqshbandi Sufi Tradition. Islamic Supreme Council of America. pp. 63–64. ISBN 1-930409-23-0. See Amazon page
  10. ^ "Silsila Owaisi".
  11. ^ "Uwaisia". www.uwaisia.com. Retrieved 2021-05-23.

External linksEdit