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The Ustilaginales are an order of fungi within the class Ustilaginomycetes. The order contains 8 families, 49 genera, and 851 species.[3]

Ustilaginales
Huitlacoche.jpg
Huitlacoche
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Division:
Class:
Order:
Ustilaginales

(G. Winter 1880)[1] Bauer & Oberwinkler 1997[2]
Families

Anthracoideaceae
Cintractiellaceae
Clintamraceae
Geminaginaceae
Melanopsichiaceae
Uleiellaceae
Ustilaginaceae
Websdaneaceae

Ustinaginales is also known and classified as the smut fungi. They are serious plant pathogens, with only the dikaryotic stage being obligately parasitic.

MorphologyEdit

Has a thick-walled resting spore (teliospore), known as the "brand" (burn) spore or chlamydospore.

Economic importanceEdit

They can infect corn plants (Zea mays) producing tumor-like galls that render the ears unsaleable. This corn smut, is also known as huitlacoche and sold canned for consumption in Latin America.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ Winter G. (1880). Rabenhorsts Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Oesterreich und der Schweitz, Vol. 1 (in German). Leipzig: E. Kummer. p. 73. (as "Ustilagineae")
  2. ^ Bauer, R.; et al. (1997). "Ultrastructural markers and systematics in smut fungi and allied taxa". Canadian Journal of Botany. 75: 1311. doi:10.1139/b97-842.
  3. ^ Kirk MP, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. pp. 716–17. ISBN 0-85199-826-7.
Bibliography
  • C.J. Alexopolous, Charles W. Mims, M. Blackwell et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th ed. (John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken NJ, 2004) ISBN 0-471-52229-5