*Caption: Storm system over the United States as viewed at 13:30 UTC on May 20, 2019. This image was taken on the day of a Storm Prediction Center-issued High Risk; this is the highest possible risk available in the SPC's categorical outlooks. This day saw the outlining of a 45% tornado risk area for Oklahoma City and areas west. Later this same day, Particularly Dangerous Situation (PDS) Tornado Watch 199 was issued; this was only the second time the Storm Prediction Center ever issued a watch with fully maxed-out (at >95%) severe hazard (tornado, wind, hail) probabilities, along with Watch 235 in Alabama during the 2011 Super Outbreak. Ultimately, despite the extremely favorable ingredients for severe weather in place, the outbreak did not turn out nearly as many tornadoes (including strong to violent and long-track tornadoes) as expected. This was no regular forecast "bust" though; had the unanticipated mitigating factors (including complications from a cap advected in from Mexico) been removed, this outbreak could have gone so far as to even eclipse the major outbreak that occurred on May 3, 1999. For these reasons, despite being a day that did not have outstanding activity, it was a historic day.
*Image Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Visualization Laboratory, taken from GOES-16

NameThis user's name is Dustin.
26,000+This user has made more than 26,000 contributions to Wikipedia.
14,000+This user has made over 14,000 contributions to Wikipedia articles.

My name is Dustin. I live in the Central United States, and as such, I have a heightened level of interests in topics related to the region. I am a teenager with very broad interests spanning numerous topics. Predominant topics involve the Earth sciences, including weather and earthquakes. I am also quite interested in history, particularly history of the United States and Soviet Union from the 20th century onward. In addition to history, I am interested on government and politics. I feel that government and politics collectively make a significant impact on history and as such are not something to be ignored. I am also interested in the concepts of alternate history and time travel. I edit articles involving all of these topics and more, although I tend to focus most on articles relating to the Earth sciences.

I first registered my account in 2013 to leave a message on the Voyager 1 article's talk page. I later returned due to interest in weather events following tornadoes on May 19, 20, and 31, 2013 which piqued my interest. A few months passed with scattered editing, with me eventually creating the National Weather Service Norman, Oklahoma article in September of that year after I noticed there was not an article. I started editing all sorts of articles (particularly weather ones) in the months after that, especially after the start of 2014, and since then, I have been far more active, never going more than a few days at a time without editing.




Extended history

I've been a Wikipedia editor since February 2013, when I decided to register an account so I could leave a remark on the talk page of the Voyager 1 article. In the months that followed, I was relatively inactive until September and October 2013, when I decided to start an article for National Weather Service Norman, Oklahoma. While I encountered some bumps and bruises along the way, I eventually became a much more active contributor, particularly in February 2013 and onward. In March 2014, following discussion in the preceding month at about whether to merge Late 2013 North American cold wave with Early 2014 North American cold wave, I came up with an idea; why not create an article for general events in the North American winter? This article could contain summaries of winter weather events similar to the way tropical cyclone season articles contain summaries for tropical cyclones. The criteria for inclusion couldn't be as well-defined, but said article could contain brief summaries of events with articles and link to their articles with {{main}} and at the same time contain summaries for not-as-notable events such as the late 2013 North American cold wave. My idea was that if the said article were created, Late 2013 North American cold wave could just be merged in as a new section. Sadly, this didn't work out as I planned, with the article being merged into Early 2014 North American cold wave for a reason I cannot completely ascertain, but I still went ahead with creating the article, 2013–14 North American winter storms. My idea didn't work out as well as I had planned; few people made any effort to improve and expand the article, likely because the bulk of winter was already over. This wasn't the end of my idea though, and I would put into play again in the not-so-far future.

In May 2014, I began editing the 2014 Pacific hurricane season article. Where I live, I am not (at least directly) affected by tropical cyclones of stronger than tropical depression intensity with the exception of very, very rare scenarios, but since I had taken time to edit and work in most of the other weather-related areas of the encyclopedia, I decided, "Why not?" From there, I became a very active editor in not only the 2014 Pacific hurricane season article, but also the 2014 Atlantic hurricane season and to a lesser extent the 2014 Pacific typhoon season article (especially the Hurricane/Typhoon Genevieve article). I have been an active editor in WikiProject Tropical cyclones since then.

In early-June 2014, in light of an ongoing outbreak of earthquakes in the state of Oklahoma, I created a draft in my userspace. Over the following nine months, I put a significant amount of work into this draft, expanding it and adding information as the event progressed. The draft underwent multiple name changes before I ultimately moved it to mainspace under the title 2009–15 Oklahoma earthquake swarms in April 2015. So far, this has been one of my greatest projects.

In August 2014, I decided that Typhoon Abe of 1991 deserved an article, so I set out on creating said article. I created a user space draft, but I soon abandoned the project. I eventually returned to the draft much later in June 2015. I resumed work without an obvious stimulus; maybe I felt bad that I had been given so much help by WikiProject Tropical cyclones without ever going through with an article of my own. All that aside, through my efforts, I managed to build and shape the new article. Following a successful nomination, Typhoon Abe (1990) became my first good article.

On winter solstice 2014, the first day of astronomical winter, I created a draft: Draft:2014–15 North American winter. This was partly based on my 2013–14 North American winter storms idea from nine months prior, but this time, I had a much more developed plan. The article was partly modeled on tropical cyclone season articles and partly modeled on annual tornado season articles. I soon published the article to main space as 2014–15 North American winter, and it was not long after that when other editors started to contribute. This article to date has been more successful than its predecessor, with about half of the material in the article being added by editors other than me.

There's plenty that has occurred since then, but I haven't bothered to write about it.

Why am I interested in weather?

I have broad interests. I am interested in sciences, history, mathematics, futurism, and innumerable other things. But one thing that I find particular interest in is weather and earthquakes. The reason?

To start, I often feel that the world is simultaneously immense, a place of unbelievable possibilities, but at the same time restricted to an incredible extent by physical law. A particular wish of mine is to see beyond the Solar System, to other planets, other galaxies, and beyond. Despite my wishes, we are restricted from even going beyond our local planetary system, and interstellar travel is nothing more than an impracticable idea. I hope beyond hope that an immense scientific breakthrough of sorts will occur, but there is no guarantee that such an event will ever take place. Unless some sort of near-lightspeed travel, wormhole, or other means of interstellar travel were to be developed, we are apparently trapped here. Of course, I will always hope, but progress so far is slow to the point that it is not enough to satisfy me. Not only is there no sufficiently high-speed form of interstellar travel, but there also isn't any form of suspended animation that would allow any human to live through a trip using current technology. All of these factors come together and dampen my hopes.

Weather, earthquakes, and volcanoes are directly observable. We can be affected by them and interact with them without the need of some yet-to-be-contrived technology. Weather in particular affects me everyday, and it allows me to experience that incredible power of the world here and now. I have been affected by numerous weather events throughout my life, and as such I feel an immensely stronger sense of motivation when it comes to their study. My geographic region of the world is more prone to tornadoes and severe thunderstorms and as such, I have higher exposure in all forms to these types of events.

All of this said, I would change in an instant if I truly knew of some sort of viable form of interstellar travel, suspended animation, or other means of expanding my world. I hope that some day on of these means will be discovered, but until then, I will continue to focus on weather and natural disasters.

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  The Tireless Contributor Barnstar
I noticed your absolutely prolific editing. Thank you very much! Cheers and Thanks, L235-Talk Ping when replying 15:37, 15 August 2014 (UTC)
  The Special Barnstar
For being a tireless contributor, a great photographer (I love the photos, by the way :)), a consistent vandal-fighter, and for just being an awesome user in general. I award you this barnstar in light of your achievements, and to express my gratitude.   LightandDark2000 (talk) 22:27, 18 August 2014 (UTC)
  The Tropical Cyclone Barnstar
For your continuous contributions to the field of tropical cyclones. It's great to have a new editor help out with our ever-expanding (and often chaotic) archives of these dangerous storms.   LightandDark2000 (talk) 23:01, 18 August 2014 (UTC)
  The Tireless Contributor Barnstar
Heres to four years on enwiki Ⓩⓟⓟⓘⓧ Talk 03:47, 25 February 2017 (UTC)
  The Writer's Barnstar
For your tireless work on tornado outbreak articles, helping to make this year's outbreak articles some of the highest quality I've seen so soon after the outbreak. Ks0stm (TCGE) 19:43, 9 March 2017 (UTC)
  The Tropical Cyclone Barnstar
For your excellent contributions to Tropical cyclone-related articles. Just wanted to thank you for all the work you have put into the 2017 Atlantic hurricane season article. Your daily updates on the statuses of tropical storms and hurricanes are appreciated greatly. Keep up the work! FigfiresSend me a message! 20:01, 12 October 2017 (UTC)


 This user loves thunderstorms
  This user is really fascinated by the weather.
 This user is interested in historical research.
 This user enjoys overcast weather.
 This user knows 40 digits of pi.
 This user has visited 15 of the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia.15
 This user is an Aquarius.
 This user is interested in
  This user has a keen interest in learning about Chemistry.
 This user is interested in geology.
 This user is interested in volcanoes.
  This user is interested in meteorology.  
 This user is interested in history.
 This user is a student.
JavaThis user can program in Java.
 This user is a WikiKnight,
valiantly protecting the Five Pillars of Wikipedia.
 This editor is a WikiGnome.
 This user believes that communism is an ideal system of government
— in theory.
vn-3This user page has been vandalized 3 times.
 This user opposes capital punishment.
 This user is a member of WikiProject Non-tropical storms
 This user actively participates in WikiProject Severe weather.
 This user is a member of the Tropical cyclone WikiProject.
ymdThis user prefers ymd over dmy and mdy.dmy
mdyThis user prefers mdy over dmy.dmy
 This user enjoys the weather most when the sky is at least partly cloudy.
  This user likes the United States National Weather Service and makes use of the NWS website.

Interesting facts


  • The strongest tornadoes are far stronger than the strongest tropical cyclones... depending on how one looks at it. Tropical cyclones contain more energy than tornadoes by far if only because of their sheer size, and tropical cyclones can even produce the right conditions under which tornadoes become capable of forming. However, on a local scale, the strongest tornadoes are the most violent storm-based phenomenon on Earth, with winds exceeding 300 mph. These tornadoes can be so powerful as to completely destroy even the most well-built of structures.
  • Under just the right conditions, tropical cyclones can develop or even intensify over land. Events such as these have been referred to as "tropical cyclone maintenance and intensification events" (TCMIs). Tropical cyclone maintenance and intensification events, while uncommon, have occurred on multiple occasions. One of the most notable examples occurred in 2007 after Tropical Storm Erin made landfall in Texas. The remnants of the storm made their way inland, but shortly after entering Oklahoma, the storm unexpectedly reintensified. The storm's sustained winds increased to tropical storm force, and a precipitation-free eye formed, with a clear hurricane-like signature on radar. At it's peak intensity over Oklahoma, Erin was more powerful than it had ever been over the ocean.
  • The tornado in El Reno, Oklahoma on May 31, 2013, while it was only rated an EF3 on the Enhanced Fujita scale, is believed to have contained some of the highest winds ever recorded. The primary reasoning for which it was not rated an EF5 tornado was because there was no EF5 damage found in the area. A likely reason for this is the severe paucity of damage indicators in the area. Another important fact is that none of the subvortices known to contain these extremely intense winds impacted any structures that could be used in the damage survey. As a result of each of these factors, the rating has been greatly disputed among meteorologists.


Graph of 3.0+ magnitude earthquakes on the moment magnitude scale known to have occurred annually in Oklahoma through September 24, 2016 – a drastic increase can be seen starting in about 2009.
  • The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami is the costliest natural disaster in world history at an estimated economic cost of US$235 billion as estimated by the World Bank. The earthquake was a powerful megathrust earthquake which occurs on a subduction zone.

Oklahoma earthquakes

  • Many earthquakes have been occurring in interior regions of the United States in recent years. Some of these earthquakes have been occurring in large "swarms". One of the most significant examples of these strange occurrences lies in the US State of Oklahoma; earthquakes in Oklahoma, especially in central and north-central areas of the state, have increased in frequency by an extreme amount. The annual total for earthquakes greater than or equal to moment magnitude 3.0 rapidly increased in number. The annual average for 1970 to 2008 was approximately 1.6, but starting in 2009, this number rapidly increased each year, with a brief decrease in 2012; the 2014 total of 3.0+ magnitude earthquakes through May 2 was higher than the entire yearly total for 2013, at over 140 earthquakes. This number is believed to be so high as to actually overcome the US State of California in terms of total earthquakes greater than or equal to moment magnitude 3.0. The number of earthquakes in Oklahoma increased by about 50% from October 2013 to May 2, 2014, prompting the United States Geological Survey to issue an uncommon "Earthquake Advisory" for Central Oklahoma warning of the elevated possibility of damaging, 5.5+ magnitude earthquakes. This was the first advisory in the United States ever issued east of the Rocky Mountains.
    • Source – "Record Number of Oklahoma Tremors Raises Possibility of Damaging Earthquakes". United States Geological Survey; Oklahoma Geological Survey. May 2, 2014.
    • Additional information and graphics may be found in the following PDF file of the Town Hall Meeting on June 26 –
      "Recent Earthquakes: Town Hall Meeting, June 26, 2014" (PDF). Oklahoma Geological Survey. June 26, 2014.


  • The usage of the so-called "first, second, and third worlds" actually once had meanings that differs from the more common meanings today. "First world" referred to the United States and its allies, "second world" referred to the Soviet Union and its allies, and "third world" referred to observer states which were not directly involved.


  • On October 8, 2014, a total lunar eclipse occurred and was observable over much of North America and the adjacent Pacific and Atlantic, peaking at about 1055 UTC (5:55 a.m. CDT).[1]
  • While the United States receives a significant amount of attention for tense racial relations, it is actually one of the least racist countries in the world. Those receiving attention for racism are but a vocal minority. Some countries such as South Korea, however, have very extreme racism permeating society.

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Committed identity: 59aba4aa2612bfc4be3538588bb0385dabb9673cec10de39667c4eff0be41ff137bb9e8bc69a6fbafe357e29533e91880db316d9bf86ab30b184ca40e4d6b20e is a SHA-512 commitment to this user's real-life identity.