Ural mining civilization

Ural mining civilization (or Ural'skaya Gornozavodskaya tsivilizatsiya; Russian: Уральская горнозаводская цивилизация) refers to a historical period in the Ural region of Russia spanning from the early 18th century to the mid-19th century.


Ethnographer Pavel Bogoslovskyru coined the term "Ural mining civilization" in 1926 to describe a specific period of rapid and unprecedented growth in immigration, agricultural development and mining (both salt and metallurgic) in the Urals, following cultural and historical study of the region. Of the approximately 500 industrial cities established in Russia from the early 18th century to the mid-19th century, over half were established in the Urals.[1] These cities made the Urals not only the area of largest industrial construction, but also the world's largest metallurgy center.[1] The rapid economic growth in the region contributed to the development of Siberia and Far-Eastern Russia.

The period is defined by a "distinctive" culture. Cities in the region had a specific purpose and style of design. By the beginning of the 19th century, these industrial cities had grown large enough to have architectural ensembles - both a governorate (regional) architect, and architects of mining factories and areas. A significant part of the Ural culture, these cities are essential from the viewpoint of global science, technology and art.


  1. ^ a b Bashkortostan. At the Junction of Europe and AsiaUfa: Bashkir Press Publish House, 2015 — Pp. 32-33.


  • History and ecology: essays on the origins of historical hydrogeography. Monograph / Lev Ban'kowskiru. - Solikamsk: RIO GOU VPO "SGPI", 2008. - 356 p. - ISBN 978-5-89469-055-1.

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