The Ural-4320 is a general purpose off-road 6×6 vehicle, produced at the Ural Automotive Plant in Miass, Russia for use in the Russian army. Introduced in 1976, it is still in production today. The wheel arrangement for the Ural-4320 was designed for transporting cargo, people and trailers on all types of roads and terrain. It also serves as a launching platform for the BM-21 "Grad" rocket launcher.

Ural-4320
Ural-4320.jpg
Ural-4320
Overview
ManufacturerUral Automotive Plant
Production1977–present
AssemblyRussia: Miass
Body and chassis
ClassTruck
LayoutAWD 6×6
Powertrain
Engine
  • 11.2L YaMZ-236M2 V6 turbo diesel
    14.9L YaMZ-238M2 V8 diesel
Transmission5-speed manual
Dimensions
Length7,366 mm (290.0 in)
Width2,500 mm (98.4 in)
Height
  • 2,715 mm (106.9 in)
  • 3,005 mm (118.3 in) (with tent)
Chronology
PredecessorUral-375D
SuccessorUral Next

GalleryEdit

SpecificationsEdit

Ural-4320 truck specifications
YaMZ-238M2 engine YaMZ-236M2 engine
Cab design: Forward-mounted engine
Seating capacity (in cab): 3 3
GVWR: 15,300 kg (33,750 lb) 14,975 kg (33,000 lb)
Weight of load carried: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb) 5,000 kg (11,000 lb)
Suspension: solid axles, leaf springs, rear wheels at balance-cart
GVWR of towed trailer: 11,500 kg (25,350 lb)
Top speed: 82 km/h (51 mph) 75 km/h (47 mph)
Engine: liquid-cooled V-8 diesel V6 diesel
Power: 240 PS (177 kW) 180 PS (132 kW)
Transmission: five-speed gearbox, two-speed distributor box with
interaxle locked differential.
Body: metal, with tailgate, removable bows and a canopy, two foldable
side and one removable middle benches.
Seating capacity: 27 27
Tires: with controlled air pressure OI-25 14.00-20 HC(PR)14

Early versions of the Ural-4320 were fitted with the KamAZ-740 V8 diesel engine, ohv, displacement 10,857 cc (bore/stroke ratio 120 mm (4.72 in)), compression ratio 16:1. Power 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) at 2,600 rpm. Torque 640 N⋅m (470 lb⋅ft) at 1,500 rpm.

VersionsEdit

 
Ural-4320-19
 
Ural-43206 4×4
  • Ural-4320-**** - ** - chassis with the standard ("classic") metal cab and a carrying capacity of about 7.9 tons.
    • Ural-4320-19 ** - ** - LONG CHASSIS, capacity about 12 tons.
    • Ural-43203-**** - ** - chassis with reinforced front suspension.
    • Ural-43204-**** - ** - reinforced truck chassis, increased payload.
    • Ural-43206- 4×4 variant with a 180 hp YaMZ-236 diesel and a capacity of 4200 kg.
      • Ural-43206-41" - with the 230 hp YaMZ-236NE2 turbodiesel.
      • Ural-43206-0551" - 4×4 variant with a 4-door cab and carrying capacity 3600 kg.
  • Ural-43202-**** - ** - truck tractor with semi-trailer for use on all types of roads.
  • Ural-5557/55571- **** - ** - chassis for the installation of production equipment and special installations mass of ~ 12–14 m wide with low-profile tires with CTIS, which significantly increases the permeability of the vehicle.

Cab and tail options:

 
Ural-4320-5557
 
Ural-43206 with "new" IVECO cab (Iveco T-series)
 
Ural-432065 and Ural-43206
  • Ural-4320/5557 - 40/41 - All-metal, three seat, two-door cab, just under the symbol produced machines with dual four-door cab;
  • Ural-4320/5557 - 44 - All-metal, three seat, two-door cabin with a sleeping bed;
  • Ural-4320/5557 - 48/58/59 - new version with a more comfortable cabin with large volume bonnet and sprung driver's seat;

All versions are equipped with IVECO cabs[1][2]

Operational historyEdit

2022 Russian invasion of UkraineEdit

The vehicle was used during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. Oryxspioenkop analyzed photographic and video data and found Russia lost at least 478 Ural-4320s (329 destroyed, remainder damaged, abandoned and/or captured).[3]

UsersEdit

VariantsEdit

MilitaryEdit

  • Standard cargo/troop transport equipped with a cargo bed. It can be used to transport troops, weapons and other supplies. It has two collapsible benches and a canvas top to provide protection from the elements.

CivilEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2013-11-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ ""Группа ГАЗ» представляет новинки спецтехники «Урал» на форуме «СТТ-2013"". Archived from the original on 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
  3. ^ "Attack On Europe: Documenting Russian Equipment Losses During The 2022 Russian Invasion Of Ukraine". Oryxspioenkop (OSINT).
  4. ^ "UNROCA original report Slovakia 2018". UNROCA. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  5. ^ Cherisey, Erwan de (July 2019). "El batallón de infantería "Badenya" de Burkina Faso en Mali - Noticias Defensa En abierto". Revista Defensa (in Spanish) (495–496).
  6. ^ Gibson, Neil; Fediushko, Dmitry (22 January 2019). "Laotian military parades Russian- and Chinese-made equipment". Jane's 360. London, Moscow. Archived from the original on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2019.

External linksEdit