Upper Chehalis language

Upper Chehalis (Q̉ʷay̓áyiłq̉) is a member of the Tsamosan (Olympic) branch of the Coast Salish family of Salishan languages. Thompson's 1979 classification lists Upper Chehalis as more closely related to the Cowlitz language than it is to Lower Chehalis.[2]:693

Upper Chehalis
Native toUnited States
Regionsouth of Olympic Peninsula, Washington
EthnicityChehalis people
  • Coast
    • Tsamosan
      • Inland
        • Upper Chehalis
Language codes
ISO 639-3cjh


Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Lateral Velar Uvular Glottal
plain lab. plain lab.
Plosive plain p t k q ʔ
ejective kʼʷ qʼʷ
Affricate plain ts
ejective tsʼ tʃʼ tɬʼ
Fricative s ʃ ɬ χ χʷ h
Sonorant m n j l w

Vowels are represented as /e ə o a/.[3]


  1. ^ Upper Chehalis at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Thompson, Lawrence (1979). "Salishan and the Northwest". In Campbell, Lyle; Mithun, Marianne (eds.). The Languages of Native America: Historical and comparative assessment.
  3. ^ Kinkade, M. Dale (1963). Phonology and Morphology of Upper Chehalis: I. International Journal of American Linguistics.

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