Unlawful Organizations Act, 1960
The Unlawful Organizations Act No 34 of 1960 (commenced 7 April 1960) allowed the apartheid government of South Africa to declare unlawful any organizations deemed to threaten public order or the safety of the public. This legislation was enacted within a few weeks of 1960's Sharpeville Massacre. The African National Congress (ANC) and Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) were immediately declared unlawful, and the Indemnity Act that followed legislatively indemnified supporters of the apartheid regime from any wrongdoing connected to the massacre.
|Unlawful Organizations Act, 1960|
|Parliament of South Africa|
|Citation||Act No. 34 of 1960|
|Enacted by||Parliament of South Africa|
|Royal assent||7 April 1960|
|Commenced||7 April 1960|
|Repealed||2 July 1982|
|Administered by||Minister of Justice|
|Internal Security Act, 1982|
|Suppression of Communism Act, 1950|
The Unlawful Organizations Act was repealed by section 73 of the Internal Security Act, 1982. However, the Internal Security Act contained similar provisions allowing the government to ban organizations. The bans on the ANC, the PAC and other anti-apartheid groups were lifted in 1990 at the start of the negotiations to end apartheid. The Internal Security Act's provisions for banning organizations were finally repealed by the Security Matters Rationalisation Act in 1996.
|This article related to Apartheid legislation in South Africa is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This legislation article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|