University of the Aegean
The University of the Aegean (Greek: Πανεπιστήμιο Αιγαίου) is a public, multi-campus university located in Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Rhodes, Syros and Lemnos, Greece. It was founded on March 20, 1984, by the Presidential Act 83/1984 and its administrative headquarters are located in the town of Mytilene, on the island of Lesvos. 
Seal of the University of the Aegean
(The Ancient Sphinx)
|Established||1984 (as University of the Aegean)|
|Affiliation||European University Association (EUA)|
Mytilene (Main campus),
|Campus||Mytilene, Chios, Karlovasi, Rhodes, Ermoupoli, Myrina|
The university today comprises five Schools and 18 Departments offering undergraduate and post-graduate degrees programmes. This growth was based on the administration's belief that its sustainability could only be based on its potential to grow into a substantially large institute, initially in department numbers supporting its educational side and secondly in postgraduate courses in support of its research nature.
The University of the Aegean, like all universities in Greece, is a public university. As such, its educational activities and a small part of its research activities rely upon government funding. Since 2014, the University has been facing severe economic hardship due to austerity policies resulting in minimal state funding. 
The first department to operate, in the academic year 1984-85, was the department of Business Administration, in the island of Chios. In the following year, the Department of Primary School Education, in Rhodes, and the Postgraduate Course on Environmental Studies began operating. At the end of the first five years of operation, the University comprised 7 departments and 1 postgraduate course, "however, in 1997 a remarkable development was initiated by exploiting available [european] funding opportunities".  
The university was officially founded in 1984, although its historical roots date back to the early 1920s, to the Ionian University of Smyrna (Ex Oriente Lux, Light from the East) which while established never operated. 
The foundations of the University of the Aegean date back to October 1918, when Greece had expanded its geographic borders to the wider Smyrna area after the World War I. At the time, Athens was the only major educational centre in the wider area and had limited capacity to sufficiently satisfy the growing educational need of the eastern part of the Aegean Sea and the Balkans.
Professor Constantin Carathéodory who was a Professor at the University of Berlin at the time proposed the establishment of a new University - the difficulties regarding the establishment of a Greek university in Constantinople led him to consider three other cities: Thessaloniki, Chios and Smyrna. Despite the political turbulence of the era over the city of Smyrna, the famous mathematician constructed a "plan for the creation of a new University in Greece", named “Ionian University” on 20 October 1919. The city of Smyrna was the ancient center of the Ionian civilization along with the islands of Samos and Chios and had the distinct cultural heritage from great Greek philosophers and mathematicians such as Herodotus and Pythagoras, who was born in Samos.
Consequently, the greek government decided to materialize Carathéodory's vision and establish the Ionian University, based in Smyrna (today's city of İzmir, Turkey) on 1 December 1920. Constantin Carathéodory was the first dean of the university. His intellectual brilliance as well as his ability to unite many of the great academics of that time, resulted in the creation of a University which was comparable with some of Europe's oldest Universities. However, the Ionian University stopped its operations due to the Great Fire of Smyrna in 1922. The new Greek University in the broader area of the Southeast Mediterranean region, as originally envisioned by Carathéodory, finally materialised with the establishment of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki in 1925.
The emblem of the University of the Aegean is the Sphinx.
As described in its mandate, the University of the Aegean is a university which embodies a unique structure which combines campuses across six islands of the Aegean Sea.
There is a student population of approximately 10,000 active students enrolled at the university, 8,200 in undergraduate programmes and 2,000 in Postgraduate programmes with a faculty of over 380. Furthermore, in 2011, the Teaching and Research Staff numbered 292 people (55 professors, 70 associate professors, 128 assistant professors, and 39 lecturers), the Scientific Teaching Staff numbered 99 and the Special Laboratory Teaching Staff 23 people. This is further supported by the 30 members of the Special Technical Laboratory Staff for teaching services and the 304 members of administrative staff. 
Faculties and departmentsEdit
The University of the Aegean consists of five Schools and eighteen Departments that form the five University Units based on six islands of the Aegean Sea – Lesvos, Chios, Rhodes, Samos, Rhodes, Syros and Lemnos. As of 2013, all departments are organised in the five existing Schools – Humanities, Sciences, Business Studies, Social Studies and Environmental Studies.
|School of Social Studies
(based in Mytilene, LESVOS)
|School of the Environmental Studies
(based in Mytilene, LESVOS)
|School of Business Studies
(based in Chios, CHIOS)
|School of Engineering
(based in Ermoupoli, SYROS)
|School of Sciences
(based in Karlovassi, SAMOS)
|School of Humanities
(based in Rhodes, RHODES)
"ATHENA" Reform Plan for Higher EducationEdit
A university report presented by the Chancellor in the Greek parliament in late 2011 describes the current challenges faced by the institution due to economic hardship and the dispersion of its academic units in islands, which increases operational costs and adds considerable stress in the educational process.
The Ministry of Education aimed to reform all Higher Education programmes in 2013 with the "ATHENA" Plan.  The university's Senate issued a formal response to the Ministry of Education's proposed plan in 2013.  
An external evaluation of all academic departments in Greek universities was conducted by the Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency (HQA). The internal evaluation process of every department is organised by the Internal Quality Assurance Unit (MODIP) (Greek: ΜοΔιΠ) of the university.
- Department of Sociology (2012) 
- Department of Product and Systems Design (2012) 
- Department of Environmental Studies (2012) 
- Department of Social Anthropology and History (2013) 
- Department of Cultural Technology and Communication (2013) 
- Department of Marine Sciences (2013) 
- Department of Food and Nutrition Sciences (2013) 
- Department of Business Administration (2013) 
- Department of Primary Education (2013) 
- Department of Pre-school Education and Educational Design (2013) 
- Department of Mathematics (2013) 
- Department of Information and Communication Systems (2013) 
- Department of Geography (2014) 
- Department of Mediterranean Studies (2014) 
- Department of Shipping, Trade and Transport (2014) 
- Department of Financial and Management Engineering (2014) 
The university forms part of the thirty public higher education institutions in Greece. The University’s curricula have been developed to meet the requirements of the global academia, modern business and EU’s educational standards. Students are awarded degrees which fully comply with the ECTS standard, which enables them to undertake international study programmes. It is ranked 11th overall in Greece and 1123th in the world by CSIC, a public research body in Spain. During the evaluation of the university by the European University Association in 2005, it was acknowledged that at the time the university had an "impressive" research output.
The evaluation also highlights the university's serious shortcomings "while it is undoubtedly the case that all universities are handicapped by the effects of this State interference, the impact at the University of the Aegean is particularly great because of its multi-island structure. It was also apparent that there are insufficient permanent staff overall, and indeed that many of the permanent academic staff are not in a position where they are able to concentrate full-time on their work within the university. The average amount of academic staff travel raises some serious concerns. Indeed all the academic staff are obliged to make difficult choices in their professional and personal lives which entail either accepting a lower standard of living in order to remain on the islands, or juggling life between a city and islands. Many of the staff described only minimal cooperation with colleagues within departments, and even less with those from other departments".:7,8,12
Despite the "impressive output" the lack of strategic design and effective prioritisation in research activities was evident at the time, the notable remark being that "research seems to be driven by the interests of individual academics, and more by accident than institutional design will it address priority issues for the institution or region".:17
In 2007 a postgraduate programme in Classical Homeopathy (Holistic Alternative Therapeutic Systems) was established in the university of the Aegean's unit in Syros, which was discontinued in 2013. 
|European Research Ranking||21st (2014) in Greece|
The Department of Tourism Economics and Management started its operation in 2017, admitting its first students in October 2017.
During the fall semester of 2012 a number of administrative employees were laid off as a result of downsizing policy in the public sector. The main administrative body issued an official statement of protest.
Permanent Chairs and general research staff amount to approximately 400, supported by a further 100 scientific teaching staff and 53 teaching assistants. There is also a further 304 members of administrative and student affairs staff. :7,52
The University of the Aegean has organised and implemented 90 research laboratories with activities into the following research areas:
- Sustainable Development and Environment
- Transport and Shipping
- Social Studies
- Business and Finance
- Information and Communication Technologies
- Culture, Design and Education
Every year the university offers e-Learning courses.
The University of the Aegean Summer SchoolsEdit
Since 2012, the university organises international Summer Schools in seven islands in the Aegean Archipelago within the fields of Sciences, Humanities, Environmental Sciences and Business, with interdisciplinary partnerships between schools.
The university has established academic relationships with research institutions and other universities. The university also participates in the Erasmus+ EU programme for education, training, youth and sport.
The University of Aegean library was founded in 1984 and it has ever since experienced modernization and ample development of its IT infrastructure, partly financed by EU programmes. Today it covers all aspects of automation, including OPAC, SDI, acquisitions, bar-code-based lending, etc., and uses the integrated library automation system Equilibrium-Libreto.
The library comprises more than 100,000 book titles, and more than 1,000 printed academic journal titles covering areas of Economics, International and European Economic Studies, Business Administration, Management Science and Marketing, Informatics, Statistics, Accounting and Finance, and Management and Technology.
The library also offers the majority of Official Academic Journals in full text, bibliographical databases of the Official Publications of the EU, statistical data on the imports and exports of the member-states of the EU.
The library offers daily business magazines and journals in the areas of economics and business. The library subscribes over 1,000 electronic journals through all the major electronic search engines (EBSCO, Elsevier's Sciencedirect, Springer's Link, JSTOR, MCB, WilsonWeb, Blackwell publishing, Oxford University Press, Wiley InterScience, Cambridge Journals Online).
Electronic access to the subscribed journals can be performed from any computer connected to the University intranet or irrespective of location, through dial-up, which is available 24 hours a day 7 days a week. What is more, the library offers access to local data as well as the OECD database including data, analyses and forecasts.
- Universities in Greece, a list of institutions offering higher education in Greece.
- University of Crete, a Greek university situated in Crete, established in 1973.
- Technical University of Crete, a Greek engineering university (Polytechnic) also situated in Crete, established in 1977.
- Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, the largest university in the Balkans, established in 1925.
- Ionian University, a university located in the city of Corfu, established in 1984, in recognition of the island's contribution to higher education in Greece as the seat of Ionian Academy, the first Greek academic institution established in modern times (1844).
- University of the South Pacific, another university whose departments are distributed across multiple islands.
- University of the West Indies, another university whose campuses are distributed across multiple island countries.
- Open access in Greece
- "Internal Evaluation Report – University of the Aegean" (PDF). modip.aegean.gr. 2014.
- "University of the Aegean – External Evaluation Report" (PDF). www.adip.gr. 2015.
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- Budget reductions 2008-2014, General Accounting Office (Ministry of Finance)
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- Constantin Carathéodory: A Biography, newspaper article, 2000 "(...) με την πολιτική και οικονομική στήριξη του Ελευθερίου Βενιζέλου και τη συνδρομή του υπάτου αρμοστή Α. Στεργιάδη, σε ελάχιστο χρονικό διάστημα θα παραδώσει ένα άρτια οργανωμένο και εξοπλισμένο, άριστα στελεχωμένο εκπαιδευτικό ίδρυμα, με έμβλημά του το «Φως εξ Ανατολών», το οποίο, φυσικά, δεν θα λειτουργήσει ποτέ." (greek)
- "University of the Aegean, History". www3.aegean.gr. Archived from the original on 2010-07-11. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
- Constantin Carathéodory: A Biography, newspaper article, 2000 "(...) Είχε γνωρίσει τον Ελευθέριο Βενιζέλο από το 1895, στην Κρήτη, και από το 1913 είχε προτείνει τη δημιουργία δεύτερου ελληνικού πανεπιστημίου στη Θεσσαλονίκη. Ο πόλεμος που ξεσπάει μεταθέτει τις αποφάσεις. Στην Ελλάδα θα επανέλθει το 1930-32, όταν θα αποδεχθεί τη θέση του κυβερνητικού επιτρόπου και θα οργανώσει τα πανεπιστήμια Αθήνας και Θεσσαλονίκης με τον νόμο 5343/32, ο οποίος ίσχυε μέχρι προσφάτως. Από τη θέση αυτή θα τον απολύσει η κυβέρνηση Παπαναστασίου που διαδέχεται τον Βενιζέλο το 1932 και εκεί θα σταματήσει η ενεργός ανάμειξή του στα κοινά της Ελλάδας." (greek)
- "The importance of the foundation of the University of Smyrni(Essay)". Department of Primary Education, University of Patras. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012.
- cassiodor: Mathematiker Constantin Carathéodory, s-w-Foto um 1930
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- Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT.), Report on Higher Education - Students, Institutes and Faculty Staff (2009/2010), press release, November 2011 (greek)
- Hellenic Statistical Authority (EL.STAT.), Report on Higher Education - Students, Institutes and Faculty Staff (2007/2008), press release, September 2009 (greek)
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- "Department of Sociology – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2012.
- "Department of Cultural Technology and Communication – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2013.
- "Department of Geography – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2014.
- "Department of Environmental Studies – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2012.
- "Department of Marine Sciences – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2013.
- "Department of Marine Sciences – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2013.
- "Department of Business Administration – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2013.
- "Department of Shipping, Trade and Transport – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2014.
- "Department of Information and Communication Systems – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2013.
- "Department of Financial and Management Engineering – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2014.
- "Department of Product and Systems Design – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2012.
- "Department of Mathematics – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2013.
- "Department of Primary Education – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2013.
- "Department of Pre-school Education and Educational Design – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2013.
- "Department of Mediterranean Studies – HQA Final Report" (PDF). 2014.
- "University of the Aegean: special report - Committee of Cultural & Educational Affairs (Greek Parliament, December 2011)" (in Greek). www.aegean.gr. 2012-08-14. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-18.
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- Hellenic Centre for Marine Research
- University of Oxford, St Peter's College
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- Greek Research and Technology Network (GRNET) (in Greek) (in English)
- Hellenic Academic Libraries Link (HEAL–Link) (in Greek) (in English)