The University of Florence (Italian: Università degli Studi di Firenze, UniFI) is an Italian public research university located in Florence, Italy. It comprises 12 schools and has around 50,000 students enrolled.
Università degli Studi di Firenze
|Latin: Florentina Studiorum Universitas|
|Sports teams||CUS Firenze|
The first university in Florence was the Studium Generale, which was established by the Florentine Republic in 1321. The Studium was recognized by Pope Clement VI in 1349, and authorized to grant regular degrees. The Pope also established that the first Italian faculty of theology would be in Florence. The Studium became an imperial university in 1364, but was moved to Pisa in 1473 when Lorenzo the Magnificent gained control of Florence. Charles VIII moved it back from 1497 to 1515, but it was moved to Pisa again when the Medici family returned to power.
The modern university dates from 1859, when a group of disparate higher-studies institutions grouped together in the Istituto di Studi Pratici e di Perfezionamento, which a year later was recognized as a full-fledged university by the government of newly unified Italy. In 1923, the Istituto was officially denominated as University by the Italian Parliament.
The university is subdivided into 12 schools, which are: Agriculture; Architecture; Arts; Economics; Education; Engineering; Law; Mathematics, Physics and Natural Sciences; Medicine and Surgery; Pharmacology; Political Science; and Psychology.
Faculties are located in traditionally strategic areas based on their subject matter. The Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Political Sciences are in the Polo delle Scienze Sociali (campus of social sciences), in the Novoli district, near the new courthouse. The Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, the Faculty of Pharmacology, and certain scientific and engineering departments are in the Careggi district, close to the hospital. The Faculty of Engineering is located at the S. Marta Institute, whereas the Faculty of Agriculture is in front of the Parco delle Cascine. The Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences is located in Sesto Fiorentino. The Faculty of Architecture is in the center of the city, as the Accademia di Belle Arti, home of Michelangelo's David. The Faculties of Literature, History, Philosophy, and Pedagogy are in the centre of Florence.
Corporate relations edit
Florence has a wide network of corporate placement opportunities for its students. Florence has recently collaborated internationally with TreeAndHumanKnot, part of the RisingIndia ThinkTank which provides opportunities abroad for its students.
School of Law edit
The University hosts one of the leading Italian law schools, repeatedly recognised as a national "Department of Excellence" by the Italian Ministry of Education, University, and Research. Alumni and faculty members of the University of Florence School of Law have held leading positions in government. They include Presidents of the Italian Constitutional Court Silvana Sciarra, Paolo Grossi, Ugo de Siervo, and Enzo Cheli, President of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Jugoslavia and Special Tribunal for Lebanon Antonio Cassese, Judge of the International Court of Justice Giorgio Gaja, Judge of the Court of Justice of the European Union Roberto Mastroianni, former Prime Ministers of the Italian Republic Matteo Renzi and Giuseppe Conte, and members of the Constituent Assembly Piero Calamandrei and Giorgio La Pira.
Notable people edit
Notable alumni of the University of Florence include:
- Italian journalists Indro Montanelli, Oriana Fallaci, Nadia Toffa
- Former Governor General of Canada and current Secretary-General of La Francophonie Michaëlle Jean
- Pope Pius II
- Italian Prime Ministers Giovanni Spadolini, Lamberto Dini and Matteo Renzi
- Italian political leaders Giorgio La Pira
- Architect Pier Carlo Bontempi
- President of the European Parliament, David Sassoli.
- Architect Hamid Gabbay
- Astrophysicist Margherita Hack
- Immunologist Paola Ricciardi-Castagnoli
- Philosopher Giacomo Marramao
- United Nations official Annalisa Ciampi
- Poets Margherita Guidacci and Mario Luzi
- Doctor Francesco Antommarchi, personal doctor of Napoleon
- Judge Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf of the International Court of Justice
- Philosopher Giovanni Gentile
- Indian Luge Player Shiva Keshavan
- Francesco Milleri, CEO of Luxottica
- Giulio Racah, Acting President of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
- Mirella Levi D'Ancona, art historian
- John Argyropoulos taught Greek from 1456.
- Raphael Badius, dean in 1681
- Carlo Emilio Bonferroni, statistician
- Giovanni Boccaccio, poet, professor of Ancient Greek and Literature
- Piero Calamandrei, jurist, professor in the faculty of law, born in 1889.
- Antonio Cassese, international jurist, president of several international tribunals
- Mario Draghi, prime minister of Italy from 2021, President of ECB, full professor of Monetary Economics and Monetary Policy in the faculty of Political Science from 1981 to 1991.
- Enrico Fermi, physicist and Nobel prize, professor of Mathematical Physics
- Giorgio Gaja, international jurist, former member of the International Law Commission and judge of the International Court of Justice
- Paolo Grossi, judge of the Constitutional Court of Italy
- Mario Luzi, poet, professor of French language and Literature
- Giovanni Sartori, political scientist, professor of Political Science, born in 1924 in Florence.
- Giovanni Spadolini, historian and important Italian politician, professor of Contemporary History, born in 1925 in Florence.
- Leonardo da Vinci carried out studies on anatomy at the Santa Maria Nuova Hospital in the center of town which is today a teaching hospital affiliated with the University of Florence.
- Giuseppe Conte, prime minister of Italy from 2018 to 2021, teaches private law
Points of interest edit
See also edit
- "Rettore e Prorettori - Ateneo - Università degli Studi di Firenze - UniFI". www.unifi.it.
- "University - Università degli Studi di Firenze - UniFI". www.unifi.it.
- "Dipartimenti". anvur.it (in English and Italian). Italian National Agency For The Evaluation Of Universities And Research Institutes. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
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- "Cheli, Enzo". lincei.it (in English and Italian). Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
- "Presentation of the Members". curia.europa.eu. CURIA. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
- "Our Founders – Fondation Michaëlle Jean Foundation". Retrieved 26 April 2019.
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- "Pier Carlo Bontempi | INTBAU". Retrieved 26 April 2019.
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- "OHCHR | Biography of Ms. Annalisa Ciampi, former Special Rapporteur". www.ohchr.org. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
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- Martin, James (15 September 2014), "Gentile, Giovanni (1875–1944)", in Gibbons, Michael T; Ellis, Elisabeth; Coole, Diana; Ferguson, Kennan (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Political Thought, American Cancer Society, pp. 1475–1477, doi:10.1002/9781118474396, ISBN 9781118474396
- "The Ice Man: In conversation with Luge champion Shiva Keshavan". www.sportskeeda.com. 29 January 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Luxottica Group Spa (LUX:BrsaItaliana): Francesco Milleri". Bloomberg. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
- Cavarocchi, Francesca (13 January 2020). "Mirella Levi D'Ancona" [Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy]. Intellettuali in Fuga Dall'Italia Fascista. Firenze University Press. Intellettuali in fuga dall'Italia fascista.
- "Carlo Bonferroni (1892–1960)". www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Bonferroni, Carlo E.", The Concise Encyclopedia of Statistics, Springer New York, 2008, pp. 50–51, doi:10.1007/978-0-387-32833-1_39, ISBN 9780387328331
- "Giovanni Boccaccio | Italian poet and scholar". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- Simons, Marlise (23 October 2011). "Antonio Cassese, Noted Italian Jurist, Dies at 74". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Cassese, Antonio". archives.eui.eu. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Mario Draghi | Italian economist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
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- (in Italian) University of Florence website / English version
- Faculty of Agriculture
- Faculty of Architecture
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Natural Sciences
- Faculty of Medicine and Surgery
- Faculty of Pharmacology
- Faculty of Political Science
- Faculty of Psychology