Central University of Venezuela

The Central University of Venezuela (Spanish: Universidad Central de Venezuela; abbr. UCV) is a public university of Venezuela located in Caracas. It is widely held to be the highest ranking institution in the country, and it also ranks 18th in Latin America.[3] Founded in 1721, it is the oldest university in Venezuela and one of the oldest in the Western Hemisphere.

Central University of Venezuela
Universidad Central de Venezuela
MottoLa Casa que Vence la Sombra
(Spanish, "The house that defeats the shadow")
EstablishedDecember 22, 1721; 300 years ago (1721-12-22) (Universidad Real y Pontificia de Caracas)
RectorCecilia García Arocha
Academic staff
Administrative staff
CampusWorld Heritage Site, Urban, 1.642 km²

The main university campus, Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas, was designed by architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva and it is considered a masterpiece of urban planning and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000.



The origin of the university goes back to Friar Antonio González de Acuña (1620–1682), a Spanish Bishop born in present day Peru who studied theology at the Universidad de San Marcos and founded in 1673 the Seminary Saint Rose of Lima in Caracas named after the first Catholic Saint born in the Americas. In the following years, Friar Diego de Baños y Sotomayor broadened the scope of the seminary by creating the School and Seminary of Saint Rose of Lima in 1696. Yet, in spite of the creation of the seminar, students who wished to obtain a university degree had to travel great distances to attend universities located in Santo Domingo, Bogotá or Mexico City. Given such harsh circumstances, the Rector of the Seminary, Francisco Martínez de Porras and the people of Caracas requested the royal court in Madrid the creation of a university in Venezuela (then part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada). As a result, on 22 December 1721 Philip V of Spain signed in Lerma a Royal Decree that transformed the School-Seminary into the Universidad Real y Pontificia de Caracas. The Royal Decree was concurred by Pope Innocent XIII with a Papal bull in 1722. The university offered degrees in philosophy, Theology, Canon law and Medicine. Until 1810, when the Seminary of Saint Bonaventura located in Mérida became the Universidad de Los Andes, the Universidad Real y Pontificia de Caracas was the only university existing in the country.

The old campus in 1911. The building also served as the location for the National Library when it was founded in 1833. It is currently known as the Palacio de las Academias which is Spanish for "Palace of Academies"

Republican yearsEdit

Until the end of the 18th century, the official papal and royal censorship on books was largely ignored in Venezuela, a situation which allowed the smuggling of the works by Rousseau, Voltaire, Diderot, Montesquieu, Locke, Helvetius, Grotius in the ships belonging to the Guipuzcoana Company.

The Royal constitution was displaced by the Republican Statutes proclaimed by Simón Bolívar on 24 June 1827. The new statutes gave the institution a secular character and transferred the main authority to the Rector.

20th centuryEdit

Central Library

In December 1908, Juan Vicente Gómez came into power with a coup d'état against the government of Cipriano Castro. Gómez stayed in power until his death in 1935, and during this time the Dictator, having ambivalent feelings about the purpose of educating free minds when he could hire foreigners to exercise any technical requirements for the nation, decided to close the university from 1912 to 1922. When it reopened, the Rector Felipe Guevara Rojas had reorganized the traditional division of only a few schools, separating them into departments.

1928 became a very important year for the university when a group of students, known as the Generation of 1928, organized events during the "Students Week" protesting the dictatorship which culminated in an attempt to overthrow Gómez on 7 April of that year. This group, which shared a common front against Gómez, was conformed by people like Rómulo Betancourt, Miguel Otero Silva, Juan Oropeza, Isaac Pardo and Rodolfo Quintero. Most of them were jailed after the events or went into exile without being able to finish their studies.

The university continued to be at the forefront of the democratization of the country when in 1936, then President Eleazar López Contreras, ordered a decree suspending the Constitutional rights and declaring a general censorship of the press because the oil workers decided to start a strike (an unprecedented deed at the time). The rector of the university, Francisco Antonio Rísquez, led the protest that followed through the streets of Caracas against the policies of López Contreras.

By 1942, the student population had been growing steadily for decades without any significant expansion of the university. Instead several schools, like Medicine, were moved to other buildings around the city. The administration of President Isaías Medina Angarita felt the need to move the university to a larger and more modern location where it could function as coherent whole. The government bought the Hacienda Ibarra and the responsibility of the main design was given to the architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva after a visit to the University City of Bogotá convinced the authorities of the Ministry of Public Works that, in order to avoid constructing a group of heterogeneous buildings, the design should be under one architect.

The new campus was going to become a vast urban complex of about 200 hectares and included 40 buildings. Villanueva worked with 28 avant-garde artists of the time, from Venezuela and the rest of the world, to build what continues to be one of the most successful applications of Modern Architecture in Latin America. Villanueva's guiding principle was the creation of a space where art and architecture cohabited in harmony in a "Synthesis of Arts". Among some of the most important pieces present in the university are the 1953 Floating Clouds by Alexander Calder, murals by Victor Vasarely, Wifredo Lam, Fernand Léger and sculptures by Jean Arp and Henri Laurens. The Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas was declared World Heritage by UNESCO, and it is the only modern university campus designed by a single architect to receive such high honor.

In 1958, after the fall of dictator Marcos Pérez Jiménez, a government commission established a new law for the universities. The new law came into place on 5 December, guaranteeing that faculty and students could work in an environment of freedom and tolerance. This very important legal foundation was however abused during the 1960s when guerrilla rebels, supported by Fidel Castro took refuge inside the university campus to escape prosecution from the government. This tense situation came to a stalemate in 1969 when students asking for a reform took over the university. On 3 October 1970, the administration of President Rafael Caldera ordered the university to be raided by the military and Rector Jesús María Bianco was forced to resign. The university reopened in 1971 with a new Rector and a new plan for renovation.

In terms of the academic development of the modern university, the second half of the 20th century was a time when the Central University's faculty body benefited greatly from the influx of European immigrants. Many intellectuals settled in Venezuela after the end of the Spanish Civil War and World War II and found jobs at the university. Those scientists and humanists helped develop lines of research and teaching at the university and educated many of the present generation of faculty members.

Organization and degreesEdit

The university is organized into 11 schools (Facultades) which are subdivided into 40 departments (Escuelas).

All schools offer undergraduate degrees at the level of Licenciatura (5 years) and graduate degrees at the level of master's degree (2 years) and PhD (3–4 years) from the Graduate School.[4] The Graduate School, founded in 1941, offers 222 different specializations, 109 Master's degrees and 40 PhDs.[5]

School of Architecture. Mural by Alejandro Otero
School of Engineering. Mural by Alejandro Otero
Schools of Humanities, Social Sciences and Economy
  • Architecture and Urban planning[6]
  • Agronomy[7]
  • Dentistry[8]
  • Engineering[9]
  • Humanities and Education[10]
  • Law and Government[11]
  • Social Sciences and Economy[13]

Research rankingEdit

University Hospital

The Ranking Iberoamericano de Instituciones de Investigacion based on the Institute for Scientific Information ranked the Central University of Venezuela as the most productive research institution in the country and as the 20th most productive in Latin America.[17] Other top 25 positions were reached in the following areas:

  • 8th in Law[18]
  • 10th in Social Sciences[19]
  • 12th in Psychology and Education[20]
  • 15th in Physiology and Pharmacology[21]
  • 16th in Philology and Philosophy[22]
  • 16th in Food technology[23]
  • 18th in Mathematics[24]
  • 18th in Medicine[25]
  • 21st in Plant and Animal Biology[26]
  • 21st in History and Art[27]
  • 22nd in Architecture and Civil Engineering[28]
  • 22nd Molecular Biology[29]

The 2010 University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP),[30] ranked the UCV as the best university in Venezuela and 805th university in the world.

The 2016 QS World University Rankings placed the UCV as 18th overall in their Latin American Universities Ranking.[31]

Notable alumniEdit





Presidents of VenezuelaEdit

Notable facultyEdit

First promotion of engineers of the Central University of Venezuela (1893-1899)

18th centuryEdit

19th centuryEdit

20th centuryEdit




18th centuryEdit

  • Francisco Martínez de Porras (1725–1732)
  • José Ignacio Mijares de Solórzano (1732–1734)
  • Gerónimo de Rada (1734–1739)
  • Carlos Francisco de Herrera (1739–1740)
  • Blas Arraéz de Mendoza (1740–1741)
  • Juan Pérez Hurtado (1741–1744)
  • Bonifacio de Frías Abadino ( 1744–1746)
  • Gabriel Ramón de Ibarra (1746–1749)
  • Carlos Francisco de Herrera (1749–1758)
  • Francisco de Ibarra (1758–1771)
  • Bartolome Antonio de Vargas (1771–1772)
  • Domingo de Berroterán (1772–1785)
  • José Domingo Blanco (1785–1787)
  • José Ignacio Romero (1787–1789)
  • Juan Agustín de la Torre (1789–1791)
  • Domingo Rogerio Briceño (1791–1793)
  • José Antonio Osío (1793–1794)
  • Tomás Hernández Sanabria (1794–1795)
  • Juan Vicente Echevarría (1795–1797)
  • José Antonio Felipe Borges (1797–1799)
  • José Vicente Machillanda (1799–1801)

19th centuryEdit

  • Domingo Gómez de Rus (1801–1803)
  • Nicolás Antonio Osío (1803–1805)
  • José Bernabé Díaz (1805–1807)
  • Gabriel José Lindo (1807–1809)
  • Tomás Hernández Sanabria (1809–1811)
  • Manuel Vicente Maya (1811–1815)
  • Juan de Rojas Queipo (1815–1817)
  • Pablo Antonio Romero (1817–1819)
  • José Manuel Oropeza (1819–1821)
  • Miguel Castro y Marrón (1821–1823)
  • Felipe Fermín Paul (1823–1825)
  • José Cecilio Avila (1825–1827)
  • José María Vargas (1827–1829)
  • José Nicolás Díaz (1829–1832)
  • Andrés Navarte (1832–1835)
  • Juan Hilario Bosett (1835–1838)
  • Tomás José Sanabria (1838–1841)
  • José Alberto Espinosa (1841–1843)
  • Domingo Quintero (1843–1846)
  • Carlos Arvelo (1846–1849)
  • Tomás José Sanabria (1849–1850)
  • José Manuel García (1850–1852)
  • Antonio José Rodríguez (1852–1855)
  • Guillermo Michelena (1855–1858)
  • Francisco Díaz Flores (1858–1860)
  • Nicanor Borges (1860–1862)
  • Elias Acosta (1862)
  • Calixto Madrid (1862–1863)
  • José Manuel García (1863–1868)
  • Nicanor Borges (1868–1869)
  • Carlos Arvelo, jr. (1869–1870)
  • Alejandro Ibarra (1870–1873)
  • Pedro Medina (1873–1876)
  • Antonio Guzmán Blanco (1876–1877)
  • Raimundo Andueza (1877–1879)
  • Angel Rivas Baldwin (1879–1882)
  • Jesús María Blanco Arnal (1882–1883)
  • Manuel María Ponte (1883–1884)
  • Aníbal Dominici (1884–1886)
  • Ezequiel Jelambi (1886)
  • Andrés A. Silva (1886–1887)
  • Jesús Muñoz Tébar (1887)
  • Aníbal Dominici (1887–1888)
  • Martin J. Sanabria (1888–1889)
  • Agustín Astúriz (1899–1890)
  • Elías Rodríguez (1890–1895)
  • Manuel Clemente Urbaneja (1895)
  • Rafel Villacencio (1895–1897)
  • Alberto Smith (1897–1898)
  • Rafel Villacencio (1898–1899)

20th centuryEdit

  • Santos Aníbal Dominici (1899–1901)
  • José Antonio Baldó (1901–1905)
  • Laureano Villanueva (1905–1906)
  • Jesús Muñoz Tébar (1906–1908)
  • Luis Razetti (1908)
  • Elías Toro (1908–1910)
  • Alejo Zuloaga Egusquiza (1910–1911)
  • Alberto Smith (1911)
  • Manuel Angel Dagnino (1911)
  • Alberto Smith (1911–1912)
  • Manuel Angel Dagnino (1912)
  • Felipe Guevara Rojas (1912)
  • David Lobo Senior (1922–1924)
  • Alejandro Urbaneja (1924–1925)
  • Diego Carbonell (1925–1928)
  • Juan Iturbe (1928)
  • Plácido D. Rodríguez Rivero (1928–1935)
  • Francisco Antonio Rísquez (1935–1936)
  • Alberto Smith (1936)
  • Salvador Córdova (1936–1937)
  • Antonio José Castillo (1937–1943)
  • Rafael Pizani (1943–1944)
  • Leopoldo García Maldonado (1944–1945)
  • Juan Oropeza (1945–1946)
  • Santiago Vera Izquierdo (1946–1948)
  • Julio De Armas (1948–1951)
  • Eloy Dávila Celis (1951)
  • Julio García Alvarez (1951–1953)
  • Pedro González Rincones (1953–1956)
  • Emilio Espósito Jiménez (1956–1958)
  • Francisco De Venanzi (1958–1963)
  • Jesús María Bianco (1963–1970)
  • Rafael Clemente Arraíz (1971)
  • Oswaldo De Sola (1971–1972)
  • Rafael José Neri (1972–1976)
  • Miguel Layrisse (1976–1980)
  • Carlos A. Moro Guersi (1980–1984)
  • Edmundo Chirinos (1984–1988)
  • Luis Fuenmayor Toro (1988–1992)
  • Simón Muñoz (1992–1996)
  • Trino Alcides Díaz (1996–2000)

21st centuryEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Inicio" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Universidad Central de Venezuela". topuniversities.com. 16 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Study in Venezuela". Top Universities. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  4. ^ Bienvenido al SIDEP Archived 1 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Bienvenido al SIDEP Archived 1 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "FAU UCV – Bienvenido". www.fau.ucv.ve.
  7. ^ Facultad de Agronomía de la Universidad Central de Venezuela ::: Inicio Archived 21 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Facultad de Odontología - Universidad Central de Venezuela Archived 24 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "fiucv". www.ing.ucv.ve.
  10. ^ Facultad de Humanidades Archived 15 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ * * * * UCV - Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - UCV * * * * Archived 21 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Universidad Central de Venezuela – Facultad de Medicina". ucv.ve. 5 September 2012. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012.
  13. ^ Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales Archived 12 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Facultad de Farmacia Archived 23 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Facultad de Ciencias-UCV". Ciens.ucv.ve. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  16. ^ ":::Bienvenidos a la Pagina de la Facultad de Ciencias Veterinaras UCV:::". Archived from the original on 23 April 2006. Retrieved 19 April 2006.
  17. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Derecho Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Ciencias-Sociales Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Psicologia-Ciencias-Educacion Archived 26 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Fisiologia-Farmacologia Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Filologia-Filosofia Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Ciencia-Tecnologia-Alimentos Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Matematicas Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Medicina Archived 12 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Biologia-Vegetal-Animal-Ecologia Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Historia-Arte Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Ingenieria-Civil-Arquitectura Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ Ranking-Instituciones-Investigacion-Latinoamerica-Biologia-Molecular-Celular-Genetica Archived 14 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ "URAP – University Ranking by Academic Performance". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2011.
  31. ^ "QS Latin American University Rankings 2018". topuniversities.com. 12 October 2017.
  32. ^ Guillén Montero, Mario (23 May 2014). "Rendirán honores al exgobernador Alexis Rafael Navarro Rojas". El Sol de Margarita. Retrieved 21 June 2016.

Printed referencesEdit

  • ÁVILA BELLO, JOSÉ. y CONVIT, JACINTO. 1992: "El Instituto de Biomedicina. Evolución reciente". En: Ruiz Calderón, Humberto et al. "La ciencia en Venezuela pasado, presente y futuro". Cuadernos Lagoven. Lagoven, S.A. Caracas Venezuela pp: 92–101.
  • BARROETA LARA, JULIO. 1995: ""Nuestra y trascendente Universidad Central de Venezuela"". Universidad Central de Venezuela, Dirección de Cultura. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • CADENAS, JOSÉ MARÍA. 1994; "Relaciones universidad empresa: una aproximación a su situación en Venezuela". EN: "Agenda Académica". Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas Venezuela.
  • CUENCA, HUMBERTO. 1967: ""La universidad colonial"". Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • HENRIQUEZ UREÑA, PEDRO. 1955: ""Historia de la cultura en la América Hispánica"". Colección Tierra Firme. Fondo de Cultura Económica. Ciudad de México – México. 243p.
  • HERRERA Z, HENRY. y ORTA, SOLANGE. 1995: ""Universidad Central de Venezuela"". En: Diccionario multimedia de Historia de Venezuela. Fundación Polar. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • LEAL, ILDEFONSO. 1963: "Historia de la Universidad de Caracas (1721–1827) ". Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • LEAL, ILDEFONSO. 1970: "El Claustro de la Universidad y sus Historia". Tomo I (1756–1774) Estudio preliminar y compilación; Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela. 358p.
  • LEAL, ILDEFONSO. 1971: "Universidad Central de Venezuela 1721–1971". Ediciones del Rectorado de la Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela. 152p.
  • LEAL, ILDEFONSO. 1979: "El Claustro de la Universidad y sus Historia II". Tomo I (1721–1756) Estudio preliminar y compilación; Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela. 362p.
  • LEAL, ILDEFONSO. 1981: "Historia de UCV". Ediciones del Rectorado de la Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela. 544p.
  • LEAL, ILDEFONSO. 1981: "Historia de la Universidad Central de Venezuela, 1721–1981". Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela.
  • LEAL, ILDEFONSO. 1983: "La Universidad de Caracas en los años de Bolívar 1783–1830". Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas -Venezuela 2 volúmenes.
  • MACHADO ALLISON, ANTONIO. 2005: "Memorias 40 años del Instituto de Zoologia Tropical". Editorial Brima Color. Caracas – Venezuela. 155p.
  • MÉNDEZ Y MENDOZA, JUAN DE DIOS. 1912: "Historia de la Universidad Central de Venezuela". Tipografía Americana. Caracas. 2 volúmenes.
  • PARRA LEÓN, CARACCIOLO. 1954: ""Filosofía universitaria venezolana 1782–1821"". Editorial J. B. Madrid – España.
  • TEXERA, YOLANDA. 1992: "La Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad Central de Venezuela". En: Ruiz Calderón, Humberto et al. "La ciencia en Venezuela pasado, presente y futuro". Cuadernos Lagoven. Lagoven, S.A. Caracas Venezuela pp: 50–63.
  • UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DE VENEZUELA. 1990: "Instituto de Zoología Tropical (IZT)". Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela. 16p.
  • UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DE VENEZUELA. 1978: "UCV prospecto de estudios Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela. 123p.
  • USLAR PIETRI, ARTURO. 1961: ""La universidad y el país"". Imprenta Nacional. Caracas – Venezuela.

Cartographical referencesEdit

  • UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DE VENEZUELA. 1981: ""Plano de Ubicación de las obras de arte de la Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas"". Universidad Central de Venezuela. Caracas – Venezuela.

External linksEdit

Aerial photosEdit