Open main menu

1932 United States presidential election in New York

  (Redirected from United States presidential election in New York, 1932)

The 1932 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 8, 1932. All contemporary 48 states were part of the 1932 United States presidential election. New York voters chose 47 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

United States presidential election in New York, 1932

← 1928 November 8, 1932 1936 →
Turnout66.1%[1] Decrease 2.2 pp
  FDR in 1933.jpg President Hoover portrait.jpg
Nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt Herbert Hoover
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York California
Running mate John N. Garner Charles Curtis
Electoral vote 47 0
Popular vote 2,534,959 1,937,963
Percentage 54.1% 41.3%

New york presidential results 1932.svg
County Results
  Roosevelt—70-80%
  Roosevelt—60-70%
  Roosevelt—50-60%
  Hoover—<50%
  Hoover—50-60%
  Hoover—60-70%
  Hoover—70-80%

President before election

Herbert Hoover
Republican

Elected President

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

New York was won by Democratic Governor of New York Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was challenging embattled incumbent Republican President Herbert Hoover. Roosevelt ran with Speaker of the House John Nance Garner of Texas, and Hoover ran with incumbent Vice President Charles Curtis of Kansas.

Contents

Context and strategyEdit

With the incumbent Republican president greatly weakened by his failures to adequately address the Great Depression, the New York Governor easily carried his home state in the midst of a nationwide Democratic landslide. Franklin Roosevelt took 54.07% of the vote in New York State versus Herbert Hoover's 41.33%, a margin of 12.73%. Socialist candidate Norman Thomas finished a distant third, with 3.78%.

Despite being Roosevelt's home state – and although he won the state comfortably – in the context of the 1932 nationwide Democratic landslide, New York weighed in for this election as 5% more Republican than the national average.

The presidential election of 1932 was a partisan election for New York, with more than 95.4% of the electorate casting votes for either the Democratic Party or the Republican.[2]

1932 was the first time a Democrat had won New York's electoral votes in 20 years; in 1912, Republican vote-splitting for the third party candidacy of Theodore Roosevelt had allowed Democrat Woodrow Wilson to win the state with a plurality of only 41% of the vote. Franklin Roosevelt's 54.07% made him the first Democratic presidential candidate to win an absolute majority of the vote in New York State since Samuel Tilden in 1876. Roosevelt's 12.73% victory margin over Hoover was the widest victory margin ever for a Democratic presidential candidate in New York State up to that point, although it would be surpassed just four years later by Roosevelt's own 20-point re-election victory in 1936.

Roosevelt's support in the state did not appear spontaneously in 1932; his winning strategy in New York State was primarily to build upon the Democratic coalition fellow New Yorker Al Smith had organized behind him in the 1928 election. Smith had narrowly lost the state in the midst of a nationwide Republican landslide, but had dramatically improved upon how Democrats before him had done, and laid the groundwork for turning the state Democratic in 1932 and beyond. In 1920 and 1924, Republicans had swept every county in New York State and Democrats took less than 30% of the vote. In 1928, Smith came within 2 points of winning the state by sweeping all 5 boroughs of heavily populated New York City, winning the state capital of Albany in Albany County along with neighboring Rensselaer County, and winning two counties in northern New York along the Saint Lawrence River, Clinton County and Franklin County. In 1932, FDR turned a 2-point statewide Democratic defeat into a 13-point victory primarily by pushing up turnout and victory margins in Smith 1928 counties, as the county map remained almost entirely the same. Only one county in New York State actually changed hands from Hoover in 1928 to Roosevelt in 1932, rural Sullivan County.

The most vital component to Roosevelt's victory in New York State was his overwhelming landslide in the massively populated 5 boroughs of New York City. Roosevelt took over 70% of the vote in the Bronx, and over 60% of the vote in Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. Up to this point, 1932 was the strongest victory ever for a Democrat in NYC, although Roosevelt would outperform himself with an even stronger performance in the city in 1936. FDR built on the urban, ethnic coalition that had delivered the city to Al Smith four years earlier, and with the rise of the New Deal Coalition, New York would be solidified as one of the most Democratic cities in the United States.

Just as Al Smith's 1928 counties remained loyal to the Democrats in 1932, most of upstate New York which had gone Republican in 1928 remained loyal to Herbert Hoover in 1932. This included even counties like Erie County and Monroe County, respectively home to the cities of Buffalo and Rochester, which would not go Democratic until 1936. Albany County, home to the state capital of Albany, provided FDR's strongest victory outside of New York City, giving him over 60% of the vote.

ResultsEdit

United States presidential election in New York, 1932
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Franklin D. Roosevelt 2,534,959 54.07% 47
Republican Herbert Hoover 1,937,963 41.33% 0
Socialist Norman Thomas 177,397 3.78% 0
Communist William Z. Foster 27,956 0.60% 0
Socialist Labor Verne L. Reynolds 10,339 0.22% 0
Totals 4,688,614 100.0% 47

County Results (Certified)Edit

Counties Region Roosevelt Hoover Thomas Oth Totals MV MV%
Albany Capitol 73,194 46,244 1,181 140 120,759 26,950 22.32%
Allegany Western 4,961 12,348 427 41 17,777 (7,387) -41.55%
Bronx NYC 281,330 76,587 31,247 10,755 399,919 204,743 51.20%
Broome Southern 22,802 32,751 673 268 56,494 (9,949) -17.61%
Cattaraugus Western 11,467 18,071 1,176 72 30,786 (6,604) -21.45%
Cayuga Central 12,989 17,280 713 61 31,043 (4,291) -13.82%
Chautauqua Western 16,914 30,479 2,385 497 50,275 (13,565) -26.98%
Chemung Southern 13,825 20,152 740 33 34,750 (6,327) -18.21%
Chenango Southern 5,953 11,566 185 15 17,719 (5,613) -31.68%
Clinton North C. 11,027 8,263 68 7 19,365 2,764 14.27%
Columbia Capitol 9,083 11,667 155 26 20,931 (2,584) -12.35%
Cortland Central 4,425 9,859 284 17 14,585 (5,434) -37.26%
Delaware Southern 6,723 13,050 194 13 19,980 (6,327) -31.67%
Dutchess Hudson V. 20,374 25,757 634 106 46,871 (5,383) -11.48%
Erie Western 131,012 141,059 9,485 1,374 282,930 (10,047) -3.55%
Essex North C. 5,597 10,062 113 14 15,786 (4,465) -28.28%
Franklin North C. 10,318 9,422 106 11 19,857 896 4.51%
Fulton Mohawk V. 5,678 14,984 249 77 20,988 (9,306) -44.34%
Genesee Finger L. 6,152 11,881 280 22 18,335 (5,729) -31.25%
Greene Capitol 6,794 7,334 123 10 14,261 (540) -3.79%
Hamilton North C. 1,107 1,603 18 2,728 (496) -18.18%
Herkimer Mohawk V. 11,194 15,158 394 44 26,790 (3,964) -14.80%
Jefferson North C. 13,478 22,760 451 35 36,724 (9,282) -25.28%
Kings NYC 514,172 192,536 50,509 11,791 769,008 321,636 41.82%
Lewis North C. 4,086 6,258 70 10 10,424 (2,172) -20.84%
Livingston Finger L. 6,529 11,114 226 19 17,888 (4,585) -25.63%
Madison Central 6,896 11,931 413 32 19,272 (5,035) -26.13%
Monroe Finger L. 83,208 95,964 5,950 838 185,960 (12,756) -6.86%
Montgomery Mohawk V. 11,700 14,104 131 141 26,076 (2,404) -9.22%
Nassau Long Is. 61,752 78,544 3,521 283 144,100 (16,792) -11.65%
New York NYC 378,077 157,014 23,946 6,168 565,205 221,063 39.11%
Niagara Western 20,765 30,852 1,117 157 52,891 (10,087) -19.07%
Oneida Mohawk V. 38,413 41,193 1,318 224 81,148 (2,780) -3.43%
Onondaga Central 62,227 66,363 4,158 471 133,219 (4,136) -3.10%
Ontario Finger L. 9,273 15,624 398 25 25,320 (6,351) -25.08%
Orange Hudson V. 22,971 30,687 703 62 54,423 (7,716) -14.18%
Orleans Finger L. 4,303 9,735 222 61 14,321 (5,432) -37.93%
Oswego Central 13,314 18,322 520 45 32,201 (5,008) -15.55%
Otsego Mohawk V. 8,114 14,904 233 14 23,265 (6,790) -29.19%
Putnam Hudson V. 3,730 4,633 137 12 8,512 (903) -10.61%
Queens NYC 244,740 136,641 14,854 1,906 398,141 108,099 27.15%
Rensselaer Capitol 32,783 30,606 662 166 64,217 2,177 3.39%
Richmond NYC 36,857 21,278 2,009 201 60,345 15,579 25.82%
Rockland Hudson V. 13,347 13,963 599 73 27,982 (616) -2.20%
Saratoga Capitol 13,053 17,990 488 47 31,578 (4,937) -15.63%
Schenectady Capitol 22,230 28,187 2,630 324 53,371 (5,957) -11.16%
Schoharie Mohawk V. 4,684 5,513 109 12 10,318 (829) -8.03%
Schuyler Southern 2,255 4,491 81 54 6,881 (2,236) -32.50%
Seneca Finger L. 4,764 6,502 167 53 11,486 (1,738) -15.13%
St. Lawrence North C. 12,687 22,650 204 139 35,680 (9,963) -27.92%
Steuben Southern 13,219 22,986 687 67 36,959 (9,767) -26.43%
Suffolk Long Is. 30,799 40,247 1,365 117 72,528 (9,448) -13.03%
Sullivan Hudson V. 9,656 8,294 435 132 18,517 1,362 7.36%
Tioga Southern 4,067 8,047 181 33 12,328 (3,980) -32.28%
Tompkins Central 6,180 12,185 496 55 18,916 (6,005) -31.75%
Ulster Hudson V. 18,092 21,002 566 61 39,721 (2,910) -7.33%
Warren Capitol 6,661 11,585 133 13 18,392 (4,924) -26.77%
Washington Capitol 7,512 14,478 144 50 22,184 (6,966) -31.40%
Wayne Finger L. 7,122 15,031 341 181 22,675 (7,909) -34.88%
Westchester Hudson V. 101,435 112,747 6,023 583 220,788 (11,312) -5.12%
Wyoming Finger L. 4,490 9,377 255 15 14,137 (4,887) -34.57%
Yates Finger L. 2,399 6,048 115 22 8,584 (3,649) -42.51%
Totals 2,534,959 1,937,963 177,397 38,295 4,688,614 596,996 12.73%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bicentennial Edition: Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, part 2, p. 1072.
  2. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2013-07-25.