Union Revolutionary Council
The Union Revolutionary Council (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စု တော်လှန်ရေး ကောင်စီ အဖွဲ့, abbreviated URC; also known as the Revolutionary Council of Burma, abbreviated RC) was the supreme governing body of Burma (now Myanmar) from 2 March 1962, following the overthrow of U Nu's civilian government, to 3 March 1974, with the promulgation of the 1974 Constitution of Burma and transfer of power to the People's Assembly (Pyithu Hluttaw), the country's new unicameral legislature.
|ပြည်ထောင်စု တော်လှန်ရေး ကောင်စီ အဖွဲ့|
|Formed||2 March 1962|
|Dissolved||3 March 1974|
The Revolutionary Council's philosophical framework was laid in the Burmese Way to Socialism, which aspired to convert Burma into a self-sustaining democratic socialist state, on 30 April 1962. On 4 July 1962, the URC established the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP), the country's only legal political party which Donald M. Seekins claims was modelled along the lines of a Marxist-Leninist revolutionary party. From 1962 to 1971, BSPP transitioned from a cadre party (consisting of elite RC affiliated members) into a mass party. In the First Congress, the party had 344,226 members. By 1981, BSPP had 1.5 million members.
- General Ne Win BC-3502 (Chief of General Staff)
- Brigadier General Aung Gyi BC-5458 (Vice-Chief of General Staff) (Army)
- Commodore Than Pe (died 1962) (Vice-Chief of General Staff) (Navy)
- Brigadier General Thomas 'Tommy' Cliff (Vice-Chief of General Staff) (Air Force) (resigned 1964)
- Brigadier General Tin Pe (resigned 1970) BC-3508 (Quartermaster General)
- Colonel Than Sein BC-3574 (Colonel-General Staff)
- Colonel Kyaw Soe (retired 1974) BC-3526 (Military Appointment General)
- Colonel Chit Myaing (dismissed 1964) BC-3520 (Vice-Quartermaster General)
- Colonel Khin Nyo (dismissed 1965) BC-3537 (Director General of Directorate of Military Training)
- Colonel Hla Han (Director General of Directorate of Medical Services)
- Brigadier General San Yu BC-3569 (Commander of Northern Military Command)
- Brigadier General Sein Win BC-3525 (Commander of Central Military Command)
- Colonel Thaung Kyi BC-3523 (Commander of Southeast Military Command)
- Colonel Kyi Maung (sacked 1963) BC-3516 (Commander of Southwest Military Command)
- Colonel Maung Shwe (resigned 1972) BC-3575 (Commander of Eastern Military Command)
- Colonel Saw Myint (sacked 1964) BC-3518 (Administrator of Border Regions)
- Colonel Tan Yu Sai (resigned 1968) BC-5090 (Vice-Commissioner of General of People's Police)
Council member termsEdit
|Name and Rank||Military Position||RC Position||Date|
|General Ne Win BC 3502||Chief of Staff of Armed Forces||Chairman||2 March 1962 to 1 March 1974|
|Brigadier General Aung Gyi BC 5458||Vice Chief of Staff (Army)||Member||2 March 1962 to 7 February 1963|
|Brigadier General Than Phay||Vice Chief of Staff (Navy)||Member||2 March 1962 to 22 May 1962|
|Brigadier General Tin Phay BC 3508||Chairman of Forestry||Member||2 March 1962 to 14 November 1970|
|Brigadier General Tommy Clift||Vice Chief of Staff (Air)||Member||2 March 1962 to 2 November 1964|
|Brigadier General San Yu BC 3569||North Western Regional Military Command||Member||2 March 1962 to 2 March 1974|
|Brigadier General Sein Win BC 3525||Central Regional Military Command||Member||2 March 1962 to 2 March 1974|
|Colonel Kyi Maung BC 3516||South Western Regional Military Command||Member||2 March 1962 to 12 March 1963|
|Colonel Maung Shwe BC 3575||Eastern Regional Military Command||Member||2 March 1962 to 22 September 1972|
|Colonel Thaung Kyi BC 3523||South Eastern Regional Military Command||Member||2 March 1962 to 2 March 1974|
|Colonel Than Sein BC 3574||Colonel General Staff||Member||2 March 1962 to 2 March 1974|
|Colonel Kyaw Soe BC 3526||Military Appointment Secretary||Member||2 March 1962 to 2 March 1974|
|Colonel Saw Myint BC 3518||Director - Border Troops||Member||2 March 1962 to 17 August 1964|
|Colonel Chit Myaing BC 3520||Member||2 March 1962 to 31 March 1964|
|Colonel Khin Nyo BC 3537||Director - Military Training||Member||2 March 1962 to 9 June 1965|
|Colonel Tan Yu Saing BC 5090||Member||2 March 1962 to 6 October 1970|
|Colonel Lun Tin BC 3610||Commander - No. 7 Infantry Brigade||Member||5 July 1962 to 9 July 1971|
|Colonel Maung Lwin||Member||12 September 1964 to 2 March 1974|
|Colonel Tin Oo BC 3651||South Western Regional Command||Member||12 September 1964 to 2 March 1974|
|U Ba Nyein||Member||9 July 1971 to 2 March 1974|
|Dr. Maung Maung||Member||9 July 1971 to 2 March 1974|
|Mahn Thar Myaing||Member||9 July 1971 to 2 March 1974|
- Heinz, L.C. (6 March 1962). "An Analysis of the Current Situation in Burma". US Department of State. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- Moscotti, Albert D. (1977). Burma's Constitution and Elections of 1974. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 171–172.
- Seekins, Donald M. (2006). Historical Dictionary of Burma. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810854765.
- "Historical Background". Burma Yearbook 2000. 2000. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- ""A Voluntarily abdicated Majesty" or "A Usurper": A Brief Political History of Ne Win" (PDF). Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- Mya Maung (1991). The Burma Road to Poverty. Praeger. p. 119. ISBN 9780275936136.
- Nakanishi, Yoshihiro (2013). Strong Soldiers, Failed Revolution : The State and Military in Burma. NUS Press. p. 102. ISBN 9789971697020.
- Mya Win - Leaders of Tatmadaw