|Born||7 September 1791|
Bhiwadi, Purandar taluka, Pune district Maratha Empire
|Died||3 February 1832 (aged 40)|
|Cause of death||Hanging|
|Known for||Indian independence movement|
Soon after the fall of Maratha Empire, Naik raised a tiny army against the British. His anti-British manifesto asked the country-men to fight against the foreign rulers. To capture him, the British Government announced a bounty of 10,000 rupees. Betrayed by another Ramoshi named Nana Raghu Chavan British arrested him, inquired then hold him guilty and hanged till death on 3 Feb 1834 in Pune.[clarification needed][unreliable source?]
Fight against British ruleEdit
Before the East India company rule, Ramoshis use to work under Maratha rule. These Ramoshis used to work for surveillance of Maratha region and for security of Maratha forts in Maharashtra during the Maratha period. The Ramoshi(s) were entrusted with night patrolling and policing by the Marathas. Because of this work they had the right to take taxes from few specific villages. But after defeat of the Maratha kingdom by the British, this right got violated because of which Ramoshis started a struggle against the Britishers.
Soon after the fall of the Maratha empire, Naik raised a tiny army against Britishers. In 1826, Naik declared himself a king. In 1831 he spread his command, with a proclamation to kill British infantry and cavalry and to loot their property. Naik lived in mountains of Satara, Kurud, Mand devi Kalbai's mountain, Khopoli Khandala and Borghat during his struggle against British Raj. He issued his stamp in which he wrote "Umajiraje Naik, Mukkam Dongar" (lit. 'King Umaji, lives in Mountains').
Naik attacked Jejuri's police headquarters and killed policemen there. Ramoshi people used to punish those who were loyal to the Britishers and British Raj. Naik would loot money of the British government and Sahukars.
In 1828, the Britishers entered into a pact in which the Naik was given 120 Bigha land and promised to give government jobs to Ramoshi people. After this pact, Ramoshi stopped war against British for some time. But the peace did not last long and Naik again rose in revolt.
To capture Naik, British East India company appointed Officer Makcintosh. Under command of Makcintosh big British police officers like captain Wide, Livingston, Lukan planned and launched operation to arrest Naik. In spite of that he did not get captured "Makcintosh bribed Naik's sister Jijai by giving her ownership of four villages and arrested Naik. According to "Gazetteer of Bombay presidency: Satara", in 1831, a Ramoshi named Nana Raghu Chavan received £1000 (India rupee 10,000) bounty reward from government for arrest of Naik'. This is recorded by a dismissed agent of pant sachiv to district magistrate Mr. Rose on 10 June 1857. He was arrested and held in prison in Pune.
In Pune Umaji Naik was hanged in this Tehsil office on February 3, 1832, by the British Government.
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