Ukrainian cruiser Ukraina

Coordinates: 46°58′31″N 32°00′13″E / 46.975271°N 32.003618°E / 46.975271; 32.003618

Ukraina is a Ukrainian Slava-class cruiser originally ordered by the Soviet Union in the early 1980s under the name Admiral Flota Lobov. After the Soviet Union disbanded in the early 1990s, the ship passed on to Russia and then to Ukraine, assuming the name Ukraina. In 2010 the Ukrainian parliament stripped the ship of its name.[1] The ship remains unfinished and is currently moored at the Mykolayiv Shipyard (former 61 Kommunara Shipbuilding Plant).

Ukrayina at Shipyard imeni 61 Kommunara Ingul River Nikolayev 7 December 2013.jpg
Unfinished cruiser Ukraina at shipyard imeni 61 Kommunara in Mykolaiv on 7 December 2013
History
Ukraine
NameUkraina, formerly Admiral Flota Lobov
Builder61 Kommunara Shipbuilding Plant (SY 445), Mykolaiv
Laid down1983
Launched1990
StatusDocked unfinished in Mykolaiv
BadgeCruiser Ukraine.png
General characteristics
Class and typeSlava-class cruiser
Displacement11,490 tons
Length186.4 m (611 ft 7 in)
Beam20.8 m (68 ft 3 in)
Draft8.4 m (27 ft 7 in)
Propulsion4 COGOG gas turbines, 2 shafts 90,000 kW (121,000 shp)
Speed32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Range7,000 nmi (13,000 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Complement480
Sensors and
processing systems
  • Voskhod MR-800 (Top Pair) 3D search radar
  • Fregat MR-710 (Top Steer) 3D search radar
  • Palm Frond navigation radar
  • Pop group SA-N-4 fire control radar
  • Top Dome SA-N-6 fire control radar
  • Bass Tilt AK-360 CIWS System fire control radar
  • Bull horn MF hull mounted sonar
Electronic warfare
& decoys
  • Rum Tub and Side Globe EW antennas
  • 2 × PK-2 DL (140mm chaff / flare)
Armament
ArmorSplinter plating
Aircraft carried1 Ka-25 or Ka-27 helicopter

HistoryEdit

The ship was laid down in 1983 and launched in 1990 just before the fall of the Soviet Union. Due to budget constraints work on the cruiser stopped in the early 1990s and the ship was left unfinished. In 1993 the cruiser was withdrawn from the Russian Navy and passed to Ukraine. In 1997 Ukraine stated that it had no need for the cruiser and was willing to sell it. Russia was unwilling to buy the cruiser, China and India were then approached but showed no interest at the time.[2] In addition, the U.S. government has asked the Ukrainian government to stop supplying military technology to China in exchange for NATO accession and economic assistance.[3] According to Ukrainian sources in 2007 the cruiser needed 30 million dollars to be finished.[4]

StatusEdit

The cruiser sits docked and unfinished at the harbor of Mykolaiv in southern Ukraine.[5]

In April 2010, sources from the Russian defense committee claimed that Russia had plans to buy the unfinished cruiser from Ukraine. In May 2010, after talks with Russian president Dmitry Medvedev in Kyiv, Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych stated that they had come to an agreement to finish the ship together.[6][7] On 21 January 2011, Russian navy sources stated that Russia was only interested in obtaining the cruiser if they could have it free of charge. By early March 2011, Russian defence minister Anatoly Serdiukov stated that Russia was still waiting for an acceptable offer from Ukraine, regarding potential procurement of the missile cruiser. His Ukrainian counterpart Mikhail Yezhel responded that he would not scrap a 95% complete warship, and that the issue would be resolved in the near future.[8][9]

It was reported that the Ukrainian government invested 6.08 million UAH into the ship's maintenance in 2012.[10]

On 26 March 2017, it was announced that the Ukrainian Government would be scrapping the vessel which has been laid up, incomplete, for nearly 30 years in Mykolaiv. Maintenance and construction was costing the country US$225,000 per month.[citation needed]

On 18 August 2018, it was reported that Brazil was interested in acquiring the ship, have it undergo extensive modernization and transfer it to the Brazilian Navy.[11][12]

On 19 September 2019, the new director of Ukroboronprom Aivaras Abromavičius announced that the ship would be sold.[13] However, according to satellite imagery, the ship remains untouched as of August 2022.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gardus, Maxim (29 January 2016). "Суровая реальность: готова ли Украина воевать на море" [The harsh reality: is Ukraine ready to fight at sea?]. Apostrof (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 4 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Russia, Ukraine to Sell Soviet Missile Cruiser". Kommersant. 7 February 2007. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  3. ^ Laurenson, Jack (3 July 2018). "Ukraine's path to NATO complicated by close ties to China". South China Morning Post.
  4. ^ "Kiev Eager to Sell Missile Cruiser". Kommersant. 30 January 2007. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Абромавичус пропонує продати ракетний крейсер "Україна"" [Abromavicius offers to sell missile cruiser "Ukraine"]. LB.ua (in Ukrainian). 20 September 2019.
  6. ^ "Russia to help Ukraine finish construction of missile cruiser". RIA Novosti. 17 May 2010. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Russia's ready to bring back cruiser Ukraina". Rusnavy.com. 23 April 2010. Archived from the original on 29 September 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Russia won't buy uncompleted cruiser from Ukraine". Rusnavy.com. 21 January 2011. Archived from the original on 27 March 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  9. ^ "Russia waits for Kyiv's acceptable decision on the missile cruiser sale". Rusnavy.com. 28 February 2011. Archived from the original on 27 March 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Ukraine Invested UAH 6 mln in Maintenance of Ukraina Cruiser". Rusnavy.com. 9 April 2012. Archived from the original on 11 April 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Недобудований ракетний крейсер проекту 1164 можуть передати Бразилії" [The unfinished missile cruiser project 1164 can be transferred to Brazil]. Ukrainian Military Pages (in Ukrainian). 15 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Tamandaré: Ucrânia oferece corveta 58250 e cruzador inacabado de offset" [Tamandaré: Ukraine offers corvette 58250 and offset cruiser]. Revista Portos e Navios (in Portuguese). 15 July 2018.
  13. ^ "Новий глава Укроборонпрому задумав продати крейсер "Україна"" [The new head of Ukroboronprom plans to sell the cruiser "Ukraine"]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 20 September 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Ukrayina (ship, 1985) at Wikimedia Commons