Ugandax is an extinct genus of bovines in the subtribe Bubalina that lived from the Miocene to the Pleistocene of Africa.[2][3] Cladistic analyses suggest Ugandax represents an ancestral form of the African buffalo, Syncerus,[4] and teeth assigned to Ugandax represent the earliest appearance of bovines in Africa.[5]

Temporal range: MiocenePleistocene
reconstruction of U. gautieri
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Bovinae
Subtribe: Bubalina
Genus: Ugandax
Cooke & Coryndon, 1970[1]
  • Ugandax gautieri Cooke & Coryndon, 1970
  • Ugandax coryndonae Gentry, 2006


  1. ^ Cooke, H. B. S.; Coryndon, S. C. (1970). "Pleistocene Mammals from the Kaiso Formation and other related deposits in Uganda". Fossil Vertebrates of Africa. Vol. 2. New York & London: Academic Press. pp. 107–224.
  2. ^ "Ugandax Cooke and Coryndon 1970". Fossilworks. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  3. ^ Geraads, Denis; Bobe, René; Reed, Kaye (2012). "Pliocene Bovidae (Mammalia) from the Hadar Formation of Hadar and Ledi-Geraru, Lower Awash, Ethiopia". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 32 (1): 180–197. doi:10.1080/02724634.2012.632046.
  4. ^ Haile-Selassie, Yohannes; Vrba, Elizabeth S.; Bibi, Faysal (2009). "Bovidae". In Haile-Selassie, Yohannes; WoldeGabriel, Giday (eds.). Ardipithecus Kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia. University of California Press. pp. 295–. ISBN 978-0-520-25440-4.
  5. ^ Gentry, A. W. (2012). "African Bovidae". In George A. Bubenik; Anthony B. Bubenik (eds.). Horns, Pronghorns, and Antlers: Evolution, Morphology, Physiology, and Social Significance. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 210–. ISBN 978-1-4613-8966-8.