USS Reynolds

USS Reynolds (DE-42) was an Evarts-class destroyer escort constructed for the United States Navy during World War II. She was sent off into the Pacific Ocean to protect convoys and other ships from Japanese submarines and fighter aircraft. She performed escort and antisubmarine operations in dangerous battle areas and was awarded eight battle stars, a very high number for a ship of her type.

USS Reynolds (DE-42) underway at sea on 20 February 1945.jpg
History
United States
NameUSS Reynolds
BuilderPuget Sound Navy Yard
Laid down12 January 1943, as BDE-42 for the United Kingdom
Launched1 August 1943
Commissioned1 November 1943
Decommissioned5 December 1945
RenamedUSS Reynolds, 23 June 1943
Stricken19 December 1945
Honors and
awards
8 battle stars (World War II)
FateSold for scrapping, 28 April 1947
General characteristics
TypeEvarts-class destroyer escort
Displacement
  • 1,140 long tons (1,158 t) standard
  • 1,430 long tons (1,453 t) full
Length
  • 289 ft 5 in (88.21 m) o/a
  • 283 ft 6 in (86.41 m) w/l
Beam35 ft 2 in (10.72 m)
Draft11 ft (3.4 m) (max)
Propulsion
Speed19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)
Range4,150 nmi (7,690 km)
Complement15 officers and 183 enlisted
Armament

She was originally assigned to the United Kingdom and was laid down on 12 January 1943 as BDE-42 by the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington. she was commissioned on 1 November 1943.[1]

NamesakeEdit

Dudley Louis Reynolds was born on 20 November 1910 at Blair, Nebraska. He enlisted in the Navy on 4 January 1928. Warranted Machinist from 18 February 1938, he was commissioned Ensign on 23 July 1942. He served briefly on USS Saratoga (February and March 1938), then reported for duty on USS Pensacola. He was killed on board Pensacola during the Battle of Tassafaronga on 30 November 1942.

World War II Pacific Theatre operationsEdit

Following shakedown off southern California, Reynolds departed the West Coast on 13 January 1944 and steamed to Pearl Harbor. Further training followed and on 27 January she sailed west in the screen of White Plains (CVE-66) then ferrying replacement aircraft to forward areas. Arriving at Majuro on 4 February, she accompanied White Plains to Kwajalein, then back to Majuro, whence they steamed via Makin to Pearl Harbor, arriving on 23 February. Reynolds then operated under Commander, Submarine Training Force, into May and, after conducting an ASW demonstration for Australian observers, she resumed oceanic escort duties with a run to Eniwetok. Arriving 20 June, she joined TG 12.2, a hunter-killer group, and on 28 July assisted Wyman (DE-38) in sinking Japanese submarine RO 48.

Detached from hunter-killer duty on 9 August, Reynolds returned to Pearl Harbor. Departing again on 20 August as a unit of TU 31.4.4, the Western Garrison Force for the Palau operation, she arrived at Kossol Passage on 20 September and, until 5 October, remained in the area, patrolling the northern entrance to the passage. Between 5 October and 14 November, she escorted ships between Manus and Purvis Bay, then proceeded to Ulithi where she joined TG 30.8 on the 17th. Operating primarily with that group for the remainder of the war, she screened the auxiliaries as they replenished the task groups of TF 38/58 off the Philippines, Formosa, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa.

End-of-War operationsEdit

After the cessation of Pacific hostilities, Reynolds continued to screen the logistic ships. Detached on 4 September she proceeded to Tokyo Bay. There until the 7th, she screened refueling operations for TF 16, then steamed via Ulithi for the United States and inactivation.

Stateside inactivation and decommissioningEdit

Arriving at San Francisco, California, in mid-October, Reynolds decommissioned at Mare Island, California, on 5 December 1945. Struck from the Navy List on 19 December 1945, she was sold and delivered to Mr. John L. Key, San Francisco, on 28 April 1947.

AwardsEdit

  Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive)
  American Campaign Medal
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (with eight service stars)
  World War II Victory Medal

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Reynolds II (DE-42)". Naval History and Heritage Command. 25 September 2005. Retrieved 3 February 2021.

External linksEdit