The UAZ-452 is a family of off-road vans produced at the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant (UAZ) since 1965. Its predecessor model UAZ-450 (produced between 1958-1966) was based on the chassis and engine of the four-wheel drive light truck GAZ-69, and was the first "forward control" vehicle of this type to be built in the Soviet Union and Russia.[1]

UAZ-452 (УАЗ-452)
UAZ 452.jpg
UAZ-452 of the Russia Military Police
ManufacturerUlyanovsk Automobile Plant
Also calledБуханка (Bukhanka or pan loaf), Таблетка (Tabletka or tablet (Pill)) Golovastik (Tadpole)
Body and chassis
Max.speed 95 km/h
Wheelbase2300 mm
• Ground clearance: 220 mm
Length4360 mm
Width1940 mm
Height2090 mm
Kerb weight1,760 kg

Vehicles produced between 1965–1979 were equipped with old-style lights: turn signal lights were colorless (white), rear lights were round, and the back of the body was rounder. Subsequent post-1979 models got amber (yellow) signal lights, and rear lights were slightly bigger and rectangular.

In 1985 the van was upgraded and spun off into separate submodels: 39625, 3962, 3303, 3909 and 2206. The upgrade consisted of lighting fixtures that met modern international requirements, alarms, a new instrument panel, and a new speedometer. The brakes were redesigned. The engine was also upgraded, and its power output increased to 99 hp against the previous 78 hp.

In the early 2000s, the model was given new plastic side mirrors taken from the GAZ GAZelle van, headrests on front seats; and new passenger seats for a minibus version (2206) were also given headrests. The pickup truck (version 3303) was fitted with a metal body instead of a wooden one.

old side mirror (pre 2000s)
new side mirror (post 2000s)

In subsequent years, the engine was upgraded to the current environmental requirements, and the van provided with an injury-reducing plastic steering wheel.

In March 2011, models 39625, 3962, and 2206 received upgrades, consisting of ABS brakes, power steering, seat belts and the Euro-4 engine as standard equipment.


UAZ-452 left front
UAZ-452 rear
UAZ-452 right side

Because of the external similarities to a loaf of bread, the van became known as Буханка (bukhanka, loaf) in Russian. The ambulance version was nicknamed Таблетка (tabletka, a pill). The van is produced in several modifications, with the main difference being the body type (e.g. UAZ-3741 van (known as bukhanka), or the UAZ-3303 pickup truck, which is known as golovastik, tadpole).

The body of the van is normally equipped with two front doors, a single-wing door on the right side and a double-wing door at the rear, although the exact configuration can vary depending on the specific modification. Notable in the van are the fuel ports on the left and the right side of the van, leading to two separate fuel tanks.[2]

The engine, placed between the driver and the passenger seats, was the same 75 hp (56 kW; 76 PS) 2,445 cc (149.2 cu in) UMZ 452MI inline four as the UAZ-469, and was able to run on gasoline of as low as 72 octane (76 was preferred).[3]


The UAZ-452 is a 4×4 off-road heir to the earlier 4×2 UAZ-451. Serial production of UAZ-452 started in 1965 and continues to this day.[citation needed]



UAZ-452 variants:

  • UAZ-452 – van, the main version
  • UAZ-452A – ambulance, aka "санитарка" (Sanitarka - the medic lady), popularly nicknamed the "таблетка" (tabletka - "tablet" or "pill"). The van could seat up to 4 stretchers or 6 on the benches and one accompanying both. The vehicle was not comfortable for people on the move, as suspension in the submodel remained that of the standard model, but this van was, and in many places is still the only ambulance vehicle that can reach some of the most remote places.[4]
    • UAZ-452AS – ambulance for Arctic areas
  • UAZ-452AE – chassis cab for installation of various equipment
  • UAZ-452V – convertible van wagon
  • UAZ-452D – a truck with double cab and wooden body
  • UAZ-452DG – experimental 6x6 version
  • UAZ-452G – ambulance with different capacity from the UAZ-452A
  • UAZ-452K – experimental 16-seater three-axle bus (6×4) (1973).
  • UAZ-452P – tractor


List of current UAZ-452 models:[5]

  • UAZ-2206 – 6 to 11 seat Minibus
    • UAZ–22069 – a modification of the UAZ-2206 with a 98-horsepower engine UMZ-4218.10, increasing to 2.9 liters volume. Rough terrain buses provide permanent all-wheel drive and increased ground clearance. The maximum speed of 110-115 km/h.
  • UAZ-3303 (UAZ452D) Golovastik (En:Tadpole) – pickup truck with a 2-person all-metal cab
  • UAZ-3741 – all-metal cargo van capable of carrying loads up to 850 kg
  • UAZ-3909 – "фермер" (farmer), Combi which carries 6 passengers and 450 kg of cargo; the rear compartment is separated from the front (driver's) row with a window.
    • UAZ-3909i – military ambulance with a red cross on the roof and bonnet
  • UAZ-3962 – "sanitarka" ambulance, can accommodate up to 9 people or equivalent load.
    • UAZ-39625 – strict passenger and cargo version of the UAZ-3962. Differs from the 3909 version in the fact that the 3909 version has real and stationary passenger seats, and a separate not glassed-in cargo compartment behind the passenger compartment; and a fully glazed version 39625 has seats installed in the cargo hold, and the sides have a hinged bench.
  • UAZ-39094 – crewcab pickup truck with a 10 cm metal platform with a wooden floor equipped with a removable frame tent and awning, 3 dropsides. Cargo bed replaceable by utility and special service bodies.


UAZ-3303 UAZ-3741 UAZ-2206 UAZ-3962 UAZ-3909 UAZ-39094
Number of seats 2 2 8-11 8 7 5
Number of doors 2 4 4 4 4 3
Length, mm (ft) 4474 4440 4440 4440 4440 4847
Width, mm (ft) 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100
Height, mm (ft) 2355 2101 2101 2101 2101 2355
Wheelbase, mm (ft) 2550 2300 2300 2300 2300 2550
Clearance, mm (ft) 220 220 220 220 220 220
Fording depth, mm (ft) 500 500 500 500 500 500
Curb weight, kg 1845 1805 1940 1805 1905 1995
Gross weight, kg 3070 2730 2790 2730 2830 3070
Payload, kg 1225 925 850 925 925 1075
Fuel petrol (gas) petrol (gas) petrol (gas) petrol (gas) petrol (gas) petrol (gas)
Engine displacement in liters. 2,7 2,7 2,7 2,7 2,7 2,7
Maximum power, hp (kW) 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min
Maximum torque, Nm 208 at 3000 rev / min 208 at 3000 rev / min 208 at 3000 rev / min 208 at 3000 rev / min 208 at 3000 rev / min 208 at 3000 rev / min
Maximum speed, km / h (m/h) 115 127 127 127 127 127
Fuel consumption at 90 km / h, l / 100 km 15,4 13,5 13,5 13,5 13,5 17
Capacity fuel tanks, l 50 77 77 77 77 50
Gearbox Manual, 5-speed Manual, 5-speed Manual, 5-speed Manual, 5-speed Manual, 5-speed Manual, 5-speed
Transfer case 2-speed 2-speed 2-speed 2-speed 2-speed 2-speed
Brakes dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum
Tyres 225 / 75 R 16 225 / 75 R 16 225 / 75 R 16 225 / 75 R 16 225 / 75 R 16 225 / 75 R 16


See alsoEdit


This article has been brought over from the Russian Wikipedia article.

  1. ^
  2. ^ Parts Catalogue p. 53
  3. ^ Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p.178.
  4. ^ Де Агостини Автолегенды СССР [1] (Avtolegendy USSR). УАЗ-452 Moscow ISSN 2071-095X
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-15. Retrieved 2009-06-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit