U.S. Route 83
U.S. Route 83 (US 83) is a major north–south U.S. Highway that extends 1,885 miles (3,034 km) in the central United States . Only four other north–south routes are longer: U.S. Routes 1, 41, 59, and 87. The highway's northern terminus is north of Westhope, North Dakota, at the Canada–United States border, where it continues as Manitoba Highway 83. The southern terminus is in Brownsville, Texas, at the Veterans International Bridge on the Mexico–United States border, connecting with both Mexican Federal Highway 101 and Mexican Federal Highway 180.
|Length||1,885 mi (3,034 km)|
|South end||Veterans International Bridge at Los Tomates to Fed. 101 / Fed. 180 at the Mexico–United States border in Brownsville, TX|
|North end||PTH 83 at the Canada–United States border near Westhope, ND|
|States||Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota|
Despite its length it has comparatively few concurrencies with any Interstate highways, and those segments are short. In no place has it been decommissioned as a route.
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US 83 is a largely north–south highway, 893 miles (1,437 km) in length, in Texas except for a segment parallel to the Rio Grande River, where it takes an east–west course, much of which runs concurrently with the Interstate 2 (I-2) freeway. It enters the United States and Texas near Brownsville concurrent with US 77 and then splits from US 77 at Harlingen. Passing Weslaco with I-2, it begins to veer northward and passes the current western terminus of I-2 at Penitas, follows the Rio Grande River to Laredo where it meets I-35 in a 28-mile (45 km) concurrency before heading northwestward. It meets I-10 at Junction, where it has a five-mile (8.0 km) concurrency with I-10, before heading almost due-north to Abilene, meeting I-20 on an expressway before heading north again on mostly undivided surface roads. It again heads slightly west of due north to meet US 287 in Childress and I-40 in Shamrock. About 5 1⁄2 miles (8.9 km) north of Perryton it leaves Texas and enters Oklahoma. Except for Abilene, Laredo, and some cities in the lower Rio Grande Valley it is largely rural in nature.
US-83 traverses the Oklahoma panhandle along the western border of Beaver County, but in this brief 37-mile (60 km) stretch it encounters no fewer than three other federal highways. Approximately ten miles from the Texas line, US-83 intersects US-412 in the hamlet of Bryan's Corner. Continuing its journey northward, the highway crosses the Beaver River, then intersects US-64 in Turpin. US-83 North and US-64 East are co-signed for three northbound miles, where US-64 turns eastward. At this intersection, US-270 West joins the highway, and together with US-83 proceeds northbound for the final six miles (10 km) to the Kansas line.
US 83 enters the Sunflower State in Seward County, approximately four miles south of Liberal, where it intersects US 54. North of Liberal, US 83 begins a multiplex with US 160, and the highways remain joined until reaching Sublette, the seat of Haskell County. US 83 and US 160 split north of Sublette, with US 160 heading west toward Ulysses, and US 83 continuing north toward Garden City.
At Garden City, US 50 and US 400 join US 83 for a brief concurrency on a bypass around the east and north sides of the city while U.S. 83 Business follows the former routing through downtown. All three routes cross K-156, also known as Kansas Avenue, in the northwest portion of the city. At the north end of the US 50-83 Business route, US 83 splits and heads north toward Scott City, while US 50 and US 400 remain joined through the rest of the state. The highway passes through largely unpopulated areas of Finney County and Scott County before reaching a junction with K-96 in downtown Scott City.
In northern Scott County, K-4 has its origins at US 83, heading east toward Healy, and US 83 traverses through rolling farmlands until reaching Oakley, the seat of Logan County. US 83 reaches US 40 less than a mile west of Interstate 70, and the two highways jog west for a brief multiplex before US 83 splits and crosses I-70.
North of I-70, US 83 begins a concurrency with K-383, formerly US 383. Passing to the east of Gem in Thomas County, US 83/K-383 takes a sharp northeasterly track through Rexford and Selden. After passing through Selden, K-383 splits from US 83 and continues northeast to US 36, while US 83 meets the beginning of K-23.
US 83 returns to a northerly course at the Sheridan County–Decatur County line, and passes through Oberlin at US 36. Oberlin is the last area of significant population the highway passes in Kansas; the next city is McCook, Nebraska.
U.S. 83 enters Nebraska south of McCook, where it meets U.S. Route 6 and U.S. Route 34. It continues northward to North Platte, where it intersects Interstate 80 and U.S. Route 30. After leaving North Platte in a northeasterly direction, it turns north near Thedford and goes north through the Sand Hills to Valentine. For 5 miles (8.0 km) before Valentine, it runs concurrent with U.S. Route 20. After passing through Valentine, it continues north to enter South Dakota.
U.S. 83 enters South Dakota south of Olsonville on a segment of highway which passes through the Rosebud Indian Reservation. After a brief overlap with U.S. Route 18 in Mission, the route turns north and meets Interstate 90 at Murdo. The two routes overlap as U.S. 83 goes east with I-90 until Vivian, where U.S. 83 turns north. At Fort Pierre, U.S. 83 meets U.S. Route 14 and South Dakota Highway 34. The three highways overlap as they cross the Missouri River and enter Pierre. At Pierre, SD 34 separates and U.S. 83 turns northeast with U.S. 14. They separate near Blunt and U.S. 83 turns northward. U.S. 83 briefly overlaps with U.S. Route 212 near Gettysburg and with U.S. Route 12 through the Selby area. U.S. 83 leaves South Dakota north of Herreid.
U.S. 83 enters North Dakota at the South Dakota state line, near the town of Hague, and runs northward for approximately 68 miles (109 km), serving the small cities of Strasburg and Linton before reaching Interstate 94. It follows I-94 west to Bismarck, where it resumes a generally northward course as a four-lane highway.
Headed toward Minot U.S. 83 traverses mostly agricultural land, passing through the some small cities such as Wilton, Washburn and Underwood north to Max. Leaving Underwood, U.S. 83 encounters a large strip-mining coal (lignite) operation which can not only be seen from the roadway in the vicinity of Falkirk, but a small viaduct carries coal over the highway. North of Coleharbor, U.S. 83 briefly merges both roadways and shares land with an adjacent railroad line in order to cross a viaduct that separates Lake Sakakawea from Lake Audubon. North of the lakes, the surroundings return to cropland and grazing land, though a wind farm is located south of Minot.
U.S. 83 passes directly through Minot, where it is known as Broadway, although the Minot Bypass to the west is an alternate route. From Minot, the northbound route passes Minot Air Force Base where it returns to a two-lane highway, and shares a roadway with eastbound North Dakota Highway 5 about 30 miles (48 km) north of the base for about 10 miles. The highway then diverges from N.D. 5 to head north to the Canada–US border.
- US 77 at the Veterans International Bridge at Los Tomates at the Mexico–United States border in Brownsville. US 77/US 83 travels concurrently to Harlingen.
- I‑69E in Brownsville. The highways travel concurrently to Harlingen.
- I‑169 in Brownsville
- I‑2 / US 77 in Harlingen. I-2/US 83 travels concurrently to north of Abram-Perezville.
- I‑69C / US 281 in Pharr
- I‑35 in Laredo. The highways travel concurrently to Botines.
- I‑69W / US 59 in Laredo
- US 277 in Carrizo Springs
- US 57 in La Pryor
- US 90 in Uvalde
- I‑10 northwest of Segovia. The highways travel concurrently to Junction.
- I‑10 / US 377 in Junction. US 83/US 377 travels concurrently to north of Junction.
- US 190 in Menard. The highways travel concurrently to north of Menard.
- US 87 in Eden
- US 67 in Ballinger. The highways travel concurrently through Ballinger.
- US 84 east-northeast of Tuscola. The highways travel concurrently to Abilene.
- US 277 in Abilene. The highways travel concurrently to north of Anson.
- I‑20 in Abilene
- US 180 in Anson
- US 380 in Aspermont. The highways travel concurrently to north-northwest of Aspermont.
- US 82 south of Guthrie
- US 62 / US 70 in Paducah. US 62/US 83 travels concurrently to north of Childress.
- US 287 in Childress
- I‑40 in Shamrock
- US 60 south-southwest of Canadian. The highways travel concurrently to north-northeast of Canadian.
- US 412 in Bryan's Corner
- US 64 south-southeast of Turpin. The highways travel concurrently to north of Turpin.
- US 64 / US 270 north of Turpin. US 83/US 270 travels concurrently to Liberal, Kansas.
- US 54 / US 270 in Liberal
- US 160 northwest of Kismet. The highways travel concurrently to north-northwest of Sublette.
- US 56 southwest of Sublette
- US 50 / US 400 in Garden City. The highways travel concurrently to north-northwest of Garden City.
- US 40 in Oakley. The highways travel concurrently through Oakley.
- I‑70 north-northwest of Oakley
- US 24 south-southeast of Gem
- US 36 in Oberlin
- US 6 / US 34 in McCook. The highways travel concurrently through McCook.
- I‑80 in North Platte
- US 30 in North Platte
- US 20 south-southeast of Valentine. The highways travel concurrently to Valentine.
- South Dakota
- US 18 in Mission. The highways travel concurrently to west-southwest of Mission.
- I‑90 southeast of Murdo. The highways travel concurrently to southwest of Vivian.
- US 14 in Fort Pierre. The highways travel concurrently to west-southwest of Blunt
- US 212 west of Gettysburg. The highways travel concurrently for approximately 0.9 miles (1.4 km).
- US 12 south of Selby. The highways travel concurrently to north-northwest of Selby.
- North Dakota
- I‑94 in Sterling. The highways travel concurrently to Bismarck.
- US 2 / US 52 in Minot
- PTH 83 at the Canada–United States border north of Westhope
- Reynolds, David. Slow Road to Brownsville: A Journey Through the Heart of the Old West. New York: Greystone Books, 2014. Narrative of a journey along U.S. Route 83 from Swan River, Manitoba to Brownsville, Texas
- Magnuson, Stew. The Last American Highway: A Journey Through Time Down U.S. Route 83: The Dakotas: Volume 1 . Court Bridge Publishing, 2014.
- Magnuson, Stew. The Last American Highway: A Journey Through Time Down U.S Route 83 Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma: Volume 2. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2015.
- Magnuson, Stew. The Last American Highway: A Journey Through Time Down U.S. Route 83 in Texas: Volume 3. Court Bridge Publishing, 2017.