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U.S. Route 45

  (Redirected from U.S. Route 45 in Mississippi)

U.S. Route 45 (US 45) is a major north–south United States highway and a border-to-border route, from Lake Superior to the Gulf of Mexico. A sign at the highway's northern terminus notes the total distance as 1,300 miles (2,100 km).

U.S. Route 45 marker

U.S. Route 45
Route information
Length1,297 mi[citation needed] (2,087 km)
Existed1926[citation needed]–present
Major junctions
South end US 98 at Mobile, AL
  I-65 at Prichard, AL

I-20 / I-59 at Meridian, MS
I-22 at Tupelo, MS
I-40 at Jackson, TN
I-24 at Paducah, KY
I-64 at Mill Shoals, IL
I-57 / I-70 at Effingham, IL
I-80 at Tinley Park, IL
I-55 at Countryside, IL
I-90 at Des Plaines, IL

I-41 / I-43 / I-94 at Milwaukee, WI
North endOntonagon and River streets in Ontonagon, MI
Location
StatesAlabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan
Highway system

US 45 is notable for incorporating, in its maiden alignment, the first paved road in the South, a 49-mile segment in Lee County, Mississippi. Let to contract in July 1914, the concrete highway opened on November 15, 1915.[1]

As of 2006, the highway's northern terminus is in Ontonagon, Michigan, at the corner of Ontonagon and River Streets, a few blocks from Lake Superior. M-64 formerly terminated there as well until its rerouting in October 2006 to use the newly built Ontonagon River Bridge. Its southern terminus is in Mobile, Alabama, at an intersection with U.S. Route 98.

Route descriptionEdit

AlabamaEdit

US 45 is concurrent with unsigned SR 17 between Mobile and Vinegar Bend, just north of Deer Park, in Washington County, Alabama. From Vinegar Bend to the Mississippi state line, US 45 is concurrent with unsigned SR 57.

MississippiEdit

 
Failure of the Mississippi Highway 25 N/U.S. Route 45 S bridge over the Tombigbee River relief (Big Nichols Creek)/Tennessee–Tombigbee Waterway in Aberdeen, Mississippi, during the March 1955 floods.

U.S. Highway 45 is part of a designated hurricane evacuation route in Mississippi.[2] It is entirely four-laned from its point of entry from Alabama, at the town of State Line, to the Tennessee line just north of Corinth, along the way serving the towns of (from south to north) Waynesboro, Meridian, Columbus and Tupelo.[3]

At Brooksville, U.S. 45 splits away from U.S. 45 Alternate and serves the towns of Columbus and Aberdeen before rejoining U.S. 45 Alternate south of Tupelo. The alternate roadway provides a more direct and entirely four-laned route between Meridian and Tupelo, bypassing Columbus to the west and, more closely, Starkville to the east.

Major junctions of U.S. 45 in Mississippi include U.S. Route 84 at Waynesboro, Interstate 20/59 at Meridian, U.S. Route 82 at Columbus, Interstate 22/U.S. Route 78 at Tupelo and U.S. Route 72 at Corinth. Each of these junctions is an interchange and, with the exception of Waynesboro, each is part of a freeway segment.

The Mississippi section of U.S. 45 is defined at Mississippi Code Annotated § 65-3-3.

TennesseeEdit

Southern SectionEdit

McNairy County

From the Mississippi state line, US 45 extends north as a 4-lane divided highway, concurrent with unsigned Tennessee State Route 5 (SR 5), to an intersection with Old US Highway 45 S (a connector to MS 145), where it narrows to an undivided 4-lane and passes through the town of Guys. US 45/SR 5 then pass through Eastview, where they have an intersection with SR 57, before having an intersection with SR 142 and entering Selmer. US 45/SR 5 passes through a business district before coming to an intersection with US 64/SR 15 and US 64 Business, where US 45/SR 5 turns left to become concurrent with US 64/SR 15. They bypass downtown along the western side as a divided highway before coming to an interchange US 64 Business at the northern edge of town, where US 64/SR 15 split off and US 45/SR 5 leave Selmer and continue north. They pass through Bethel Springs before passing through rural areas to have an intersection with SR 199 in Finger. The highway then crosses in Chester County.

Chester County

US 45/SR 5 continue north through rural areas before entering Henderson and having an interchange with SR 100. The highway has an intersection with SR 365 before bypassing downtown to the west. US 45/SR 5 then has another intersection with SR 365 before leaving Henderson and continuing northwest to cross into Madison County.

Madison County

US 45/SR 5 pass through Pinson, where it has an intersection with SR 197, before passing through rural areas to enter the city of Jackson, where the road narrows to an undivided 4-lane highway known as S Highland Avenue. It has an intersection with SR 18 (Bolivar Highway) before passing through residential areas. It then passes through a wooded area to cross a bridge over the South Fork of the Forked Deer River to enter downtown, where it comes to an intersection with US 70/SR 1 and US 45 Bypass/SR 186 (E/W Chester Street). US 45/SR 5 becomes N Highland Avenue as it passes through downtown before entering residential areas and coming to an intersection with US 412 Business/SR 20 (North Parkway) at Old Hickory Mall. US 45/SR 5 passes through a business district before having a cloverleaf interchange I-40/US 412 (Exit 82 A/B). The highway continues north through residential areas before leaving Jackson and coming to an interchange with the north end of US 45 Bypass, where it becomes concurrent with unsigned SR 186. US 45/SR 5/SR 186 go north as a 4-lane divided highway to cross a bridge over the Middle Fork of the Forked Deer River to enter Three Way and to an interchange at the split of US 45 into US 45W and US 45E. Here SR 186 goes north along US 45E, which in turn follows unsigned SR 43, while SR 5 follows US 45W.

Major intersections

This applies to southern section of mainline US 45 in Tennessee.

CountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
McNairyGuys0.00.0  US 45 south – CorinthSouthern end of unsigned SR 5 concurrency; continuation beyond Mississippi state line
Eastview5.79.2  SR 57 – Counce, MemphisProvides access to Shiloh National Park & Pickwick Landing State Park
Selmer10.316.6  SR 142 east – StantonvilleWestern terminus of SR 142
11.618.7  
   US 64 Bus. west / US 64 east (East Poplar Avenue/SR 15) – Savannah
Southern end of US 64 concurrency; US 64 Bus. continues west through downtown Selmer
16.927.2  
   US 64 Bus. east / US 64 west (Cherry Avenue/SR 15) – Memphis
Northern end of US 64 concurrency; interchange; US 64 Bus. continues east through downtown Selmer
Finger29.046.7  SR 199 east (Finger-Leapwood Road) – FingerWestern terminus of SR 199
ChesterHenderson34.555.5  SR 100 – Whiteville, DecaturvilleInterchange
34.856.0  SR 365 north (Main Street) – HendersonSouthern terminus of SR 365
37.259.9  SR 365 south (White Avenue) – HendersonNorthern terminus of SR 365
MadisonPinson40.665.3  SR 197 east (Ozier Road) – PinsonWestern terminus of SR 197; provides access to Pinson Mounds, Beech Bluff & Mifflin
Jackson47.576.4  SR 18 south (Bolivar Highway) – BolivarNorthern terminus of SR 18
51.482.7  
    US 45 Byp. north / US 70 (Chester Street/SR 1/SR 186 north)
Southern terminus of US 45 Bypass and unsigned SR 186; provides access to McKellar-Sipes Regional Airport
54.487.5   
  US 412 Bus. (North Parkway/SR 20)
55.789.6   I-40 / US 412 – Memphis, NashvilleI-40 exits 82 A/B
60.697.5 
  US 45 Byp. south (Keith Short Bypass/SR 186 south) – Jackson
Northern terminus of US 45 Bypass; interchange; southern end of unsigned SR 186 concurrency
Three Way60.9598.09  US 45W north (SR 5 north) – Humboldt
  US 45E north (SR 43 north/SR 186 north) – Medina, Milan
Interchange; US 45 splits into US 45W and US 45E; southern terminus of unsigned SR 43
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

U.S. Route 45WEdit

 

U.S. Route 45W
LocationThree Way-South Fulton, Tennessee
Length62.33 mi (100.31 km)

U.S. Route 45W (US 45W) is a 62.33-mile-long (100.31 km) state highway in West Tennessee, connecting Jackson with South Fulton via Humboldt, Trenton, Rutherford, and Union City. For the majority of its length, it is concurrent with unsigned State Route 5 (SR 5).

U.S. Route 45EEdit

 

U.S. Route 45E
 
Route information
Maintained by TDOT
Length61.23 mi (98.54 km)
Major junctions
South end   US 45 / US 45W in Three Way
    US 70A / US 79 in Milan
   SR 22 / SR 431 in Martin
North end    US 45 / US 45W / US 51 in South Fulton
Location
CountiesMadison, Gibson, Weakley, Obion
Highway system
  US 45US 45W  

U.S. Route 45E (US 45E) is a 61.23-mile-long (98.54 km) state highway in West Tennessee, connecting Jackson with South Fulton via Milan and Martin. For the majority of its length, it is concurrent with unsigned State Route 43 (SR 43) for most of the route's length except for short segments at Martin and South Fulton, where it is cosigned with SR 216 and SR 215 respectively.

Madison and Gibson Counties

US 45E begins in Madison County, concurrent with unsigned SR 43 and SR 186 in Three Way at an interchange between US 45 and US 45W (SR 5). It goes northeast as a 4-lane divided highway, where SR 186 splits off, before crossing into Gibson County. US 45E/SR 43 immediately enter Medina, where they bypass downtown on the western side and have an intersection with SR 152. They then leave Medina and continue north to enter Milan and have an intersection with SR 187 before becoming an undivided four-lane as it passes through residential areas. US 45E/SR 43 then enters downtown and becomes concurrent with SR 104. They then have an intersection with US 70A/US 79/SR 76/SR 77, where SR 77 joins the concurrency, before continuing north through downtown to an intersection with Front Street, where SR 77 and SR 104 split off to the west. US 45E/SR 43 continue north through residential areas to have an intersection with SR 425 before leaving Milan and continuing north through rural areas, where it becomes a divided highway again. US 45E/SR 43 cross a bridge over the Rutherford Fork of the Obion River before passing through Idlewild and Bradford, where it bypasses downtown to the west, becomes concurrent with SR 54, and has an intersection with SR 105. The highway then crosses the South Fork of the Obion River to enter Weakley County.

Weakley County

US 45E/SR 43/SR 54 then becomes an undivided highway again and enters Greenfield, where it goes straight through downtown, having an intersection with SR 124 and SR 54 splitting off and going east along Broad Street. US 45E/SR 43 the leave town and have an intersection with SR 445 before leaving Greenfield. The highway continues north through rural areas, becoming a divided highway again, before passing through Sharon, which it bypasses completely along its west side and has an interchange with SR 89. US 45E/SR 43 then enter Martin and come to an interchange with SR 216. Here, US 45E Bus/SR 372 begins and takes over the original route of US 45E/SR 43 through the city, US 45E turns east to become concurrent with SR 216, and SR 43 becomes signed as a primary highway and turns west along SR 216 and Skyhawk Parkway. US 45E/SR 216 head east as a 4-lane freeway along the south side of the city to have an interchange with Pair Road before coming to a very large interchange with SR 22 and SR 431, where SR 216 ends and SR 22 becomes concurrent with US 45E. The turn north to follow the eastern and northern edges of the city, where it has an interchange with Industrial Park Drive, before coming to another interchange with US 45E Business/SR 372 (N Lindell Street), where US 45E Business ends and US 45E splits from SR 22 and follows SR 372 north. They head north through residential areas as a 4-lane undivided highway before coming to another intersection with SR 43 (Skyhawk Parkway), where SR 372 ends and US 45E joins SR 43 again to leave Martin as a divided highway.

Obion County

They cross the North Fork of the Obion River into Obion County, where they pass through farmland, and has an intersection with SR 190, before entering South Fulton and becoming undivided to arrive at an intersection with unsigned SR 215. Here SR 43 splits off, and becomes signed again, along Broadway Street while US 45E bypasses downtown along the south and west sides concurrent with SR 215. US 45E then comes to an end at an interchange between US 51, US 45W, US 45, and unsigned SR 3, just feet from the Kentucky state line.

Major intersections

This list only applies to US 45E.

CountyLocationmi[4]kmDestinationsNotes
MadisonThree Way0.000.00   US 45 south / US 45W north (SR 5/SR 186 south) – Jackson, HumboldtInterchange; US 45 splits into US 45W and US 45E; southern end of unsigned SR 43/SR 186 concurrency
0.550.89  SR 186 north – GibsonNorthern end of SR 186 concurrency
GibsonMedina4.697.55  SR 152 (W Church Avenue/Medina Humboldt Highway) – Medina, Humboldt
Milan10.8617.48  SR 187 westEastern terminus of SR 187
13.2621.34  SR 104 east (Ellington Drive)Southern end of SR 104 concurrency
13.3921.55   US 70A / US 79 (Van Hook Street/SR 76/SR 77 east) – Humboldt, Huntingdon, McKenzieSouthern end of SR 77 concurrency
13.8122.23  SR 77 west (Front Street/SR 104 west) – TrentonNorthern end of SR 77/SR 104 concurrency
15.2524.54  SR 425 east (Middle Road)Western terminus of SR 425
Bradford25.1540.48  SR 54 (W Main Street) – Trenton, Bradford
26.5042.65   SR 54 west / SR 105 (Rutherford Highway/US Highway 45 N) – Rutherford, BradfordSouthern end of SR 54 concurrency
WeakleyGreenfield30.9349.78  SR 124 east (E Main Street) – McKenzieWestern terminus of SR 124
30.9849.86  SR 54 east (Broad Street) – DresdenNorthern end of SR 54 concurrency
32.6352.51  SR 445 west (Kimery Store Road)Eastern terminus of SR 445; provides access to Big Cypress Tree State Park
Sharon36.9459.45  SR 89 (Sidonia Road/W Main Street) – Kenton, SharonInterchange
Martin42.6968.70   
  US 45E Bus. north (Elm Street/SR 372 north) – Downtown
   SR 43 north / SR 216 west (Skyhawk Parkway)
Interchange; northern end of SR 43 concurrency; southern terminus of US 45E Bus./SR 372; southern end of SR 216 concurrency
43.870.5Pair RoadInterchange
45.272.7  SR 22 south – Dresden
  SR 431 north (Main Street) – Downtown
Interchange; eastern terminus of SR 216; southern terminus of SR 431; southern end of SR 22 concurrency
46.775.2Industrial Park DriveInterchange
49.579.7  SR 22 north – Union City
   
  US 45E Bus. south (N Lindell Street/SR 372 south) – Downtown
Interchange; northern end of SR 22 concurrency; northern terminus of US 45E Business; southern end of SR 372 concurrency
51.783.2  SR 43 south (Skyhawk Parkway)Southern end of SR 43 concurrency; northern terminus of SR 372
Obion53.385.8  SR 190 south (McConnell Road)Northern terminus of SR 190
South Fulton57.893.0  SR 43 north (Broadway Street) – Downtown
  SR 215 begins
Northern end of SR 43 concurrency; eastern terminus of unsigned SR 215; southern end of SR 215 concurrency
61.2398.54   US 51 south / US 45W south (SR 3 south) – Union City

  US 51 north (SR 215 west) – Mayfield, KY

  US 45 north (Chickasaw Drive/SR 3 north) – Downtown
Interchange; US 45W and US 45E merge to form US 45
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Northern sectionEdit

Mainline US 45, concurrent with unsigned SR 3, goes northeast and passes through neighborhoods in South Fulton along Chickasaw Drive before turning north onto Highland Drive at an intersection with Kentucky Route 116 (KY 116/W State Line Street) at the western edge of downtown. US 45 then crosses into Kentucky and the city of Fulton.

Major intersections

This list only applies to the northern section of mainline US 45 in Tennessee.

The entire route is in South Fulton, Obion County.

mikmDestinationsNotes
0.000.00   US 51 south / US 45W south (SR 3 south) – Union City

  US 51 north (SR 215 west) – Mayfield, KY

  US 45E south (SR 215 east) – Martin
Interchange; US 45W and US 45E merge to form US 45; southern end of unsigned SR 3 concurrency
0.430.69  KY 116 (W State Line Street)Intersection is partially on state line
0.450.72  US 45 north (W Highland Drive) – FultonContinuation into Kentucky; northern terminus of unsigned SR 3
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

KentuckyEdit

U.S. 45 enters Kentucky at Fulton then northeast past Mayfield then heads directly north into Paducah as a four-lane highway. In Paducah, U.S. 45 serves as a major artery, intersecting with Interstate 24 at exit 7, and intersecting US 60 and 62. U.S. 45 leaves Kentucky from Paducah's northern border across the two-lane, metal-grate Brookport Bridge to Brookport, Illinois across the Ohio River.

IllinoisEdit

In the state of Illinois, U.S. 45 runs from a bridge across the Ohio River from Paducah, Kentucky, through Shawnee National Forest and north to the Wisconsin border east of Antioch, Illinois. With a length of 428.99 miles (690.39 km) in Illinois,[5] U.S. 45 is the longest numbered route in Illinois.

In its progress north from the Ohio River U.S. 45 first joins Interstate 24 as far as Vienna then heads northeast through Harrisburg and north through Fairfield, Flora, Effingham, Mattoon, Champaign, Urbana, Gilman and Kankakee, then straight north through the western suburbs of Chicago in Will County, Cook County and Lake County to the Wisconsin border.

WisconsinEdit

 
The highway near Oshkosh, Wisconsin

U.S. 45 enters the state in southeast Wisconsin. It runs concurrent with Interstate 894 and U.S. Route 41 through the west side of metro Milwaukee to form a major artery through the metropolitan area. It runs north to Fond du Lac. The highway routes near the western shore of Lake Winnebago through Oshkosh, Wisconsin. U.S. 45 then travels north through Wittenberg, Antigo, and Eagle River, as well as the state and national forests, until it leaves the state at Land O' Lakes and enters Michigan.

MichiganEdit

 
Northern terminus of US 45, Ontonagon, Michigan

US 45 enters Michigan south of Watersmeet. From there, the highway crosses the Western Upper Peninsula through the Ottawa National Forest running north to Ontonagon. US 45 ends just south of Lake Superior in downtown Ontonagon. The terminus was not changed in 2006 despite realignment then of M-38 and M-64 from the terminus to a crossing 0.7 miles (1.1 km) south.[6]

Historic terminiEdit

Until March 1935, US 45's northern terminus was in the Chicago, Illinois area.[7]

Prior to the construction of the Interstate Highway system, US 45 was one of the main routes south out of Chicago toward New Orleans, Louisiana. Much of the traffic left US 45 at Effingham, Illinois, continuing on through Cairo, Illinois along Illinois Route 37.

Major intersectionsEdit

Southern segment
Alabama
  US 98 in Mobile
  I-65 in Prichard
Mississippi
  US 84 in Waynesboro
   I-20 / I-59 in Meridian
   US 11 / US 80 in Meridian
  US 82 west of Columbus. The highways travel concurrently to Columbus.
  US 278 north-northwest of New Wren. The highways travel concurrently to the VeronaTupelo city line.
   I-22 / US 78 in Tupelo
  US 72 in Corinth
Tennessee
  US 64 in Selmer. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
   I-40 / US 412 in Jackson
   US 45E / US 45W in Three Way
  US 79 in Milan (  US 45E)
  US 79 in Humboldt (  US 45W)
Northern segment
Tennessee
    US 45E / US 45W / US 51 in South Fulton. US 45 / US 51 travel concurrently to Fulton, Kentucky.
Kentucky
  Future I-69 north of Mayfield
  I-24 in Paducah
  US 62 in Paducah. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
   US 60 / US 62 in Paducah. US 45/US 60 travels concurrently through the city.
Illinois
  I-24 in Metropolis
  I-24 north-northeast of Vienna
  I-64 north of Mill Shoals
  US 50 east of Flora. The highways travel concurrently to northwest of Flora.
  US 40 in Effingham. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
   I-57 / I-70 in Effingham
  I-57 northeast of Neoga
  I-57 in Mattoon
  US 36 in Tuscola Township
  I-57 in Pesotum
  US 150 in Champaign. The highways travel concurrently to Urbana.
  I-74 in Urbana
  US 136 in Rantoul
  US 24 in Gilman. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
  US 52 east of Ashkum. The highways travel concurrently to Peotone Township.
  I-57 in Kankakee
  US 30 in Frankfort
  I-80 on the MokenaOrland ParkTinley Park city line
  US 6 in Orland Park
   US 12 / US 20 west of the Palos HillsHickory Hills city line. US 12/US 45 travels concurrently to Des Plaines. US 20/US 45 travels concurrently to the Stone ParkMelrose Park city line.
  I-294 in Willow Springs
  I-55 on the CountrysideHodgkins city line
  US 34 in La Grange
  I-290 on the WestchesterHillsideBellwood city line
  I-190 west of Rosemont
  US 14 in Des Plaines
Wisconsin
  I-43 in Greenfield. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
   I-43 / I-894 in Greenfield. I-894/US 45 travels concurrently to Milwaukee.
   I-94 / I-894 in Milwaukee.
  US 18 on the Milwaukee–Wauwatosa city line
   I-41 / US 41 in Milwaukee. The highways travel concurrently to Richfield.
  US 151 in the Town of Fond du Lac
   I-41 / US 41 in Oshkosh
  US 10 in Winchester. The highways travel concurrently through the town.
  US 8 in Monico. The highways travel concurrently through the town.
Michigan
  US 2 in Watersmeet
River Street/Chippewa Street in Ontonagon

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ USDOT Federal Highway Administration: The Evolution of Mississippi Highways Archived June 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  2. ^ MS Dept. of Transportation's Hurricane Evacuation Map Archived September 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, retrieved August 30, 2011
  3. ^ Official Mississippi Highway Map, pdf version Archived March 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, retrieved August 30, 2011.
  4. ^ retrieved from Delorme Street Atlas USA
  5. ^ Illinois Technology Transfer Center. Called La Grange Road through much of the South Suburbs of Chicago. (2007). "T2 GIS Data". Archived from the original on August 10, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2007.
  6. ^ Bessert, Christopher J. Michigan Highways: Ontonagon State Trunkline Changes 2006 Archived June 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. URL accessed June 24, 2007.
  7. ^ "Route 45 Extended". The Daily Herald. December 12, 2016. p. 1. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  

External linksEdit

Browse numbered routes
  SR 44ALSR 46  
  MS 44MSMS 46  
  SR 44TNSR 45