Tyne Bridge (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Tyne Bridge in Tyne and Wear for the 2005 general election
Location of Tyne and Wear within England
|County||Tyne and Wear|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Gateshead, Newcastle upon Tyne Central|
|Created from||Gateshead West, Newcastle upon Tyne Central, Newcastle upon Tyne West, Blaydon, Newcastle upon Tyne North and Gateshead East|
Tyne Bridge was a parliamentary constituency in the north east of England, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, from 1983 until 2010. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
Tyne Bridge contained some of the UK's most deprived areas, and was a safe seat for the Labour Party throughout its existence.
1983-1997: The City of Newcastle wards of Benwell, Elswick, Scotswood, and West City, and the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead wards of Bede, Bensham, Dunston, and Teams.
1997-2010: The City of Newcastle wards of Benwell, Elswick, Scotswood, and West City, and the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead wards of Bede, Bensham, Deckham, Dunston, Saltwell, and Teams. Deckham and Saltwell wards were added to the seat from the abolished Gateshead East constituency.
The constituency covered central Tyneside in Tyne and Wear, with part of the constituency being north of the River Tyne in Newcastle, and the other part being south of the river, in Gateshead. It is named after the Tyne Bridge that crosses the river. It included Newcastle city centre; before 1983, this area was in the Newcastle-upon-Tyne North seat.
Following a review of parliamentary representation in Tyne and Wear, the Boundary Commission for England abolished the Tyne Bridge constituency. At the 2010 general election it was replaced by the new constituency of Gateshead south of the River Tyne, and by the Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central constituency to the north.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1983||Harry Cowans||Labour||Previously MP for Newcastle Central from 1976 by-election. Died October 1985|
|1985 by-election||David Clelland||Labour||Retired 2010 following boundary changes|
|2010||constituency abolished: see Gateshead & Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central|
Elections of the 1980sEdit
|Conservative||Randall S. Crawley||9,434||25.2||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
|Social Democratic||Rod Kenyon||6,942||29.7||+11.4 |
|Independent||Peter R. Smith||32||0.1||N/A|
|Social Democratic||John Mansfield||6,005||16.4||-1.9|
Elections of the 1990sEdit
|Conservative||Charles M. Liddell-Grainger||7,118||21.4||+0.8|
|Liberal Democrats||John S. Burt||3,804||11.4||-4.9|
|Conservative||Adrian H. Lee||3,861||11.1||-11.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Mary Wallace||2,785||8.0||-3.1|
|Referendum||Graeme R. Oswald||919||2.6||N/A|
|Socialist Alternative||Elaine Brumskill||518||1.5||N/A|
Elections of the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Jonathan C. Wallace||3,213||12.3||+4.4|
|Socialist Labour||James Fitzpatrick||533||2.0||N/A|
|Socialist Alliance||Samuel J. Robson||485||1.9||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Chris P. Boyle||5,751||21.8||+9.5|
|Conservative||Tom E. Fairhead||2,962||11.2||-2.1|
|Respect||Jill C. Russell||447||1.7||N/A|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "'Tyne Bridge', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Change from the Liberal candidate who represented the SDP-Liberal Alliance in the 1983 general election.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 Jan 2011.
- C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.166 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.