Tyne (1807 ship)

Tyne was launched in 1807 in Rotherhithe. She spent the first part of her career as a West Indiaman. However, in 1810–1811 she made a voyage to India for the British East India Company (EIC) as an "extra" ship, i.e., under charter. Then in 1818 she made a voyage to Port Jackson, New South Wales transporting convicts. Thereafter, with a change of owners, she traded with the Far East under a license issued by the EIC. A fire destroyed her in 1828.

History
United Kingdom
Name: Tyne
Owner:
  • 1807:John Locke
  • 1818:Parker
Port of registry: London
Builder: Samuel & Daniel Brent, Rotherhithe
Launched: 1807
Fate: Burned and sank in March 1828
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 462,[1] or 4843194[2] or 486,[3] or 489[4] (bm)
Length:
  • 112 ft 4 in (34.2 m) (overall)
  • 88 ft 7 38 in (27.0 m) (keel)
Beam: 31 ft 4 in (9.6 m)
Depth of hold: 16 ft 0 in (4.9 m)
Armament: 10 × 18-pounder carronades[5]
Notes: Two decks

CareerEdit

One source reports that Tyne initially sailed as a West Indiaman.[2] However, then it is not clear why she did appear as such either in Lloyd's Register (LR) or Lloyd's List. There are hints that she may have been a government transport.

EIC voyage (1810–1811)Edit

Although Tyne had been launched in 1807, she did not appear in LR until 1810, and then only on a page of vessels serving the EIC.[4]

On 16 March 1810 the EIC accepted John Locke's tender of Tyne for one voyage at a rate of £38 10s 0d per ton, for 480 tons.[6]

Captain Robert Brooks sailed Tyne from Portsmouth on 9 June 1810 bound for Bengal and Madras. She reached Madeira on 26 June and arrived at Saugor on 8 December. Homeward bound, she left Bengal on 8 February 1811 and on 27 February arrived at Madras. From there she reached St Helena on 16 June and arrived at the Downs on 30 August.[1]

Convict voyage (1818–1819)Edit

In 1818 Tyne's master was C. Bell, her owner J. Locke, changing to Parker, and her trade London—Batavia, changing to London—Botany Bay.[7] Captain Casey Bell sailed Tyne from Ireland. She arrived at Port Jackson on 4 January 1819.[3] She embarked 180 male convicts, of whom one died en route.[8] One officer and 29 rank-and-file of the 84th Regiment of Foot provided the guard.

Thereafter she traded to the Far East under a license from the EIC. In 1823 Tyne was almost rebuilt.[2]

Year Master Owner Trade Source & notes
1823 Brodie
J.Craigie
Parker & Co. London–India LR; rebuilt 1823
1827 J.Craigie
Colgrave
Parker
Webb & Co.
London–India LR; rebuilt 1823

FateEdit

Tyne left Portsmouth for Bombay on 28 August 1827, possibly with cargo transferred from Lady Nugent.[9] In June Lady Nugent, Cotgrave, master, had had to put into Portsmouth because she was leaky and required repairs.

On 19 March 1828 Tyne was under the command of Captain Cotgrave when she caught fire in Bombay Harbour and was destroyed.[2] She caught fire at about 20:30 and burned for some eight hours before she sank. No lives were lost.[10]

Citations and referencesEdit

Citations

  1. ^ a b British Library: Tyne.
  2. ^ a b c d Hackman (2001), p. 207.
  3. ^ a b Bateson (1959), pp. 292-293.
  4. ^ a b LR (1810), "Season 1809–1810 continued".
  5. ^ Register of Shipping (1813), Seq.№T591.
  6. ^ Hardy (1800), p. 35.
  7. ^ Register of Shipping (1818), Seq.№T589.
  8. ^ Bateson (1959a), p. 328.
  9. ^ Lloyd's List, 31 August 1827.
  10. ^ Asiatic Journal (October 1828), Vol. 26, p.217.

References

  • Bateson, Charles (1959). The Convict Ships. Brown, Son & Ferguson. OCLC 3778075.
  • Hackman, Rowan (2001). Ships of the East India Company. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-96-7.
  • Hardy, Horatio Charles (1811). A register of ships, employed in the service of the Honorable the United East India Company, from the year 1760 to 1810: with an appendix, containing a variety of particulars, and useful information interesting to those concerned with East India commerce. Black, Parry, and Kingsbury.