Turkestan Province was a province in Afghanistan. It was located in northern Afghanistan in the region still known as Afghan Turkestan. In 1890, Qataghan and Badakhshan Province was separated from Turkestan Province. It is present in an administrative map of 1929, but was abolished by the time of the 1946 population census.
In the 19th century, Afghan Turkestan was governed by a governor (hakim) appointed by the Amir.  Below is a list of governors of Afghan Turkestan.
- Muḥammad, Fayz̤; Hazārah, Fayz̤ Muḥammad Kātib (1999). Kabul Under Siege: Fayz Muhammad's Account of the 1929 Uprising. Markus Wiener Publishers. pp. XII. ISBN 9781558761551.
- "Afghanistan Provinces". www.statoids.com. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
- Christine Noelle. State and tribe in nineteenth-century Afghanistan: the reign of Amir Dost Muhammad Khan (1826-1863). Routledge, 1997. pp. 101