Tule-Kaweah Yokuts

Tule-Kaweah is a Yokuts dialect of California. One subdialect survives, that of the Wukchumni (Wikchamni) tribe, with a single speaker remaining as of 2014.

Tule-Kaweah Yokuts
RegionSan Joaquin Valley, California
EthnicityYokut people
Native speakers
1 (2017)[1]
Yok-Utian ?
Language codes
ISO 639-3(included in yok)
Yokuts Tule Kaweah dialects.svg
Distribution of Tule-Kaweah Yokuts

Wukchumni has only one native or fluent speaker, Marie Wilcox (both native and fluent), who has compiled a dictionary of the language.[1][2][3][4] “Marie's dictionary”, a short documentary by Emmanuel Vaughan-Lee, is about her dictionary. She has also recorded an oral version of the dictionary.[1] Together with her daughter Jennifer, Marie Wilcox teaches weekly classes to interested members of their tribe.


There were three subdialects of Tule-Kaweah, Wukchumni (Wikchamni), Yawdanchi (AKA Nutaa), and Bokninuwad.


  1. ^ a b c ‘Who Speaks Wukchumni?’, New York Times, 19 Aug 2014.
  2. ^ Vaughan-Lee, Emmanuel (2014-08-18). "Who Speaks Wukchumni?". The New York Times.
  3. ^ Heller, Chris (2014-09-22). "Saving Wukchumni". The Atlantic.
  4. ^ “Marie's dictionary”, a short documentary by Emmanuel Vaughan-Lee.

External linksEdit