Tsunku (つんく, often written as つんく♂, born October 29, 1968) (real name Mitsuo Terada 寺田 光男) is a prolific Japanese record producer, songwriter, and vocalist. Total sales of the singles he has written exceed 37.9 million copies, making him the fifth best-selling lyricist in Japan.
|Born||October 29, 1968|
|Origin||Higashiosaka, Osaka Prefecture, Japan|
He is best known for having two major roles in the Japanese music landscape: first as the lead singer of the popular rock group Sharam Q, and now as the producer, primary composer, lyricist, and (until 2014) primary studio backing vocalist for highly popular idol group Morning Musume, in addition to Aya Matsuura and other associated idols under the Hello! Project banner, for whom he has written and produced the vast majority of their chart-topping hits. He has also produced music for other Japanese artists, including Ayumi Hamasaki's first number one single. As his musical influences he cites The Beatles, Japanese popular music (especially kayōkyoku), American and European hits being played on the radio when he was a schoolboy, disco acts such as Chic, Kool & the Gang and Earth, Wind & Fire, and bands like Duran Duran and The Power Station.
In June 2006, Tsunku married Kanako Idemitsu (出光 加奈子), a 25-year-old former model from Fukuoka. The couple have fraternal twins (one boy, one girl) born in 2008 and one daughter who was born in 2011.
Tsunku later worked with Nintendo and J.P.ROOM to create the music video game, Rhythm Tengoku. It was released for the Game Boy Advance exclusively in Japan on August 3, 2006, and later as an arcade machine on September 20, 2007. He also worked on Rhythm Tengoku Gold (Released in the US as "Rhythm Heaven" and in Europe as "Rhythm Paradise") for the Nintendo DS, Minna no Rhythm Tengoku (Rhythm Heaven Fever in the US, Beat the Beat: Rhythm Paradise in Europe) for the Wii, and Rhythm Tengoku: The Best Plus (Rhythm Heaven Megamix in the US, Rhythm Paradise Megamix in Europe) for the Nintendo 3DS.
On October 1, 2006, it was announced that Tsunku had created a new company called TNX consisting of singers such as Ami Tokito and other people including Tatsuya Naka, a magician who appeared on Hello! Morning.
On September 26, 2007, Tsunku released a compilation album with the temporary title of "Sharam Q ~ Morning Musume" ~Tsunku 15 Years in Entertainment Commemoration Album~, containing songs by both Sharam Q and Morning Musume, and another one on December 5, 2007 titled Tsunku Best Work Collection, containing songs sung by Tsunku himself.
Music composition and lyrical worksEdit
Tsunku is responsible for majority of the musical composition and lyrics in Hello! Project, noticeably for Morning Musume where all of their singles have ranked in the Oricon Weekly Singles Top 5 (excluding "Morning Coffee" and "Mikan"). Arranging is typically left to outside parties with track records in arranging popular anime and game music.
His works are mainly pop-oriented with catchy melodies and romantic, idealistic and sometimes even humorous lyrics, the latter in particular often being pitched to appeal to a young audience. However, many of the female vocalists who perform his songs have a large, dedicated fan base composed of older male wota, as well as male fans who are not wota, both of whom are usually in their twenties and thirties, and occasionally older. Some of his works in the late 2000s were particularly mature and hard-hitting (considering the ages of the girls singing them), such as the Morning Musume singles "Kanashimi Twilight, "Onna ni Sachi Are" and "Resonant Blue". Although his own work as a soloist and in Sharam Q tends to lean towards pop-rock, he is best known for working with various arrangers to create highly melodic, richly-textured sequencer-driven electronic dance music which often features synthesizers, as well as guitar riffs and solos which sometimes hint at hard rock or heavy metal influences (such as in Morning Musume's "Ambitious! Yashinteki de Ii Jan" and Cute's "Forever Love"). Typical vocal arrangements in the songs he writes for Hello! Project's groups tend to revolve around the members taking turns at singing lines and sometimes even small parts of lines in succession, building up to a chorus in which most (if not all) members sing in unison rather than using vocal harmonies; any harmonies that are present in the songs are often sung by other people (including Tsunku himself, who records his backing vocals so as to appear to sing "along with" the girls on their studio recordings during key parts of songs such as during choruses and on certain phrases, in a voice an octave lower than theirs). However, there have been some exceptions, such as the Morning Musume songs "Morning Coffee", "Furusato", "Memory Seishun no Hikari", "Love Machine" and "I Wish", where most (if not all) of the backing vocals were sung by the group's members themselves. Furthermore, in the past few years, it has become even more common for members of Hello! Project's groups to provide the backing vocals for their songs themselves.
Recent years have also seen Hello! Project moving in a new direction musically, with prominent elements of dubstep and electro being incorporated into much of their recorded output, resulting in songs which seem at times to be almost experimental in style, at least by idol music standards.
Nice Girl Project!Edit
Tsunku is also involved in Nice Girl Project! (NICE GIRL プロジェクト!).
2011 – presentEdit
As a result of the Japanese earthquake 2011, Tsunku wrote a song titled Love is here ~Kibou no Hikari~, dedicated to the victims. Tsunku is one of the many Japanese celebrities who have stepped up to support the victims and their loved ones.
In March 2014, Tsunku announced on his blog that he had laryngeal cancer, which he found out after having throat surgery due to an unspecified condition. He also stated that he has been seeking treatment for it. On April 4, 2015, Tsunku revealed that he had his vocal cords removed as part of his cancer treatment.
In his memoir, Dakara, Ikiru, which was published in September 2015, it was revealed that he stepped down as Hello! Project's General Manager sometime after Morning Musume's New York concert that happened on October 5, 2014. He still remains involved with Morning Musume as its Sound Producer.
List of music composition and lyrical worksEdit
|Release date||Name||Music composition / lyric||Performer||Single||Album||Reference & notes|
|1992-7-22||Jū Hakka Getsu (18ヶ月, 18 Months)||music composition* & lyrics||Sharam Q||Jū Ha18 ka Getsu||*music co-composed with Hatake|
|1992-9-23||Sakuretsu! Henachoco Punch (炸裂!へなちょこパンチ, Explosion! Novice Punch)||music composition & lyrics||Sharam Q||---||Sakuretsu! Henachoco Punch|
|1992-9-23||ラーメン大好き小池さんの唄||lyrics||Sharam Q||---||Sakuretsu! Henachoco Punch|
|1992-9-23||お嬢様||lyrics||Sharam Q||---||Sakuretsu! Henachoco Punch|
|1992-9-23||現代の不良になれない少年たち||music composition & lyrics||Sharam Q||---||Sakuretsu! Henachoco Punch|
|1992-9-23||パパとイきたい！||music composition* & lyrics||Sharam Q||---||Sakuretsu! Henachoco Punch||*music co-composed with Hatake|
|1992-9-23||どうして「スキ」と言えなかったの？||music composition* & lyrics||Sharam Q||---||Sakuretsu! Henachoco Punch||*music co-composed with Hatake|
|1993-2-24||Tottemo Merry-Go-Round (とってもメリーゴーランド, Really Merry-Go-Round)||music composition & lyrics||Sharam Q||Tottemo Merry-Go-Round|
|1993-3-24||友達はいますか||music composition* & lyrics||Sharam Q||Urekko e no Michi Jūtaichū (売れっ子への道 渋滞中, The Road to My Favourite Kid (Congested))||*music co-composed with Shū|
|1998-1-28||Morning Coffee||music composition & lyrics||Morning Musume||Morning Coffee||First Time|
|2012-3-28||"Mirai ga Watashi o Matteiru" (未来が私を待っている, The Future is Waiting For Me)||lyrics||Afilia Saga East||*music composed by Chiyomaru Shikura|
- All songs (musical and lyrical composition) in Morning Musume's singles and albums (except 17th single's side A, 30th single's side B, 32nd single's side B and both sides of the 37th single, as well as the album Cover You). For completed list, see Morning Musume discography
- All songs (musical and lyrical composition) in Berryz Kobo (except the music of the first two songs of their 29th single, and the A side of their 16th single), Cute (except both sides of their 9th single), S/mileage and GAM's singles and albums.
- Prior 2006, all songs (musical and lyrical composition) in Melon Kinenbi's singles and albums (except the 4th and 12th single's side A; 5th and 6th single's side B).
- All songs (musical and lyrical composition) in v-u-den's singles and albums (except the 1st and 3rd single's side A).
|1||A Hard Day's Night||December 6, 2000|
|2||Take 1||February 18, 2004|
|3||Type2 (タイプ2)||July 13, 2005|
|4||V3~Seishun Cover~ (V3～青春カバー～)||June 28, 2006|
|5||"Sharam Q ~ Morning Musume" ~Tsunku 15 Years in Entertainment Commemoration Album~
|September 26, 2007|
|6||"Tsunku Best Work Collection" (「つんく♂ベスト作品集」)||December 5, 2007|
|1||"Love ~Dakiatte~" (Love～抱き合って～)||April 28, 1999|
|2||"Touch Me"||November 3, 1999|
|3||"Suggoi Ne!" (すっごいね!)||February 27, 2002|
|4||"Shoppai ne" (しょっぱいね)||September 26, 2012|
- "Tsunku on Rhythm Heaven". IGN Entertainment, Inc. April 9, 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- 【オリコン】秋元康氏、作詞シングル総売上が1億枚突破「34年間の積み重ね」. Oricon (in Japanese). December 9, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
- つんく♂オフィシャルウェブサイト (in Japanese). tsunku.jp. Archived from the original on April 10, 2010. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Tsunku♂ special radio interview with Momoclo's producer Hyadain (translation)". December 4, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
- "[Monthly BARKS Tsunku♂ Long Interview vol.2]Sharam Q Forever Unfinished; From the Secret Story of "Single Bed" to Morning Musume. (Part Two)". August 21, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
- Transcribed from ThePPN: Tsunku
- "Tsunku to Become a Father!" (in Japanese). sanspo.com. March 25, 2008. Archived from the original on March 25, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2008.
- つんく♂よりお知らせ. Tsunku (in Japanese). Tsunku's official blog. March 26, 2008. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- "March 25, 2008 Tsunku Official Blog" (in Japanese). March 25, 2008.
- "Tsunku's comments after the birth of his twins" (in Japanese). mainichi.jp. April 30, 2008. Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. Retrieved April 30, 2008.
- ナタリー – つんく♂、第3子女児誕生を報告 (in Japanese). Natalie (Natasha, Inc.). March 18, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Tsunku now a father of three". Tokyograph. March 18, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Tsunku becomes a father again to a new baby girl!". Tokyohive. March 18, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Tsunku♂ to release two BEST albums". Ikimasshoi+. July 12, 2007. Archived from the original on July 15, 2007.
- "Tsunku writes song for earthquake victims". Tokyofever. Archived from the original on August 16, 2011. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- つんく♂より皆様へご報告 (in Japanese). tsunku.net. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- Greening, Chris. "Rhythm Heaven music producer Tsunku recovering from cancer". Game Music Online. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- "アップフロントグループ、所属タレント121名の合唱で新型コロナ最前線で働く人々を応援". Natalie.mu. May 4, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
- "堀内孝雄、森高千里、つんく♂率いるハロプロ…「アップフロントグループ」１２１人が「愛は勝つ」「負けないで」「泣いていいよ」歌う". Yahoo! Japan. May 5, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
- "つんく♂、道重さゆみ、真野恵里菜、譜久村聖らが合唱でエール「私たちは、最後に必ず勝つ」". Oricon. May 4, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2020.