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Trubchevsk (Russian: Трубче́вск) is a town and the administrative center of Trubchevsky District in Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located about 95 kilometers (59 mi) south of the city of Bryansk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 15,014 (2010 Census);[3] 16,342 (2002 Census);[8] 16,301 (1989 Census).[9]

Trubchevsk

Трубчевск
Coat of arms of Trubchevsk
Coat of arms
Location of Trubchevsk
Trubchevsk is located in Russia
Trubchevsk
Trubchevsk
Location of Trubchevsk
Trubchevsk is located in Bryansk Oblast
Trubchevsk
Trubchevsk
Trubchevsk (Bryansk Oblast)
Coordinates: 52°34′N 33°46′E / 52.567°N 33.767°E / 52.567; 33.767Coordinates: 52°34′N 33°46′E / 52.567°N 33.767°E / 52.567; 33.767
CountryRussia
Federal subjectBryansk Oblast[1]
Administrative districtTrubchevsky District[2]
Urban Administrative OkrugTrubchevsky[2]
First mentionedSee text
Area
 • Total14 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
 • Total15,014
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
14,001 (-6.7%)
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Capital ofTrubchevsky District[1], Trubchevsky Urban Administrative Okrug[2]
 • Municipal districtTrubchevsky Municipal District[5]
 • Urban settlementTrubchevskoye Urban Settlement[5]
 • Capital ofTrubchevsky Municipal District[5], Trubchevskoye Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
242220Edit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID15656101001

Contents

HistoryEdit

An old Severian town, Trubchevsk was first mentioned as Trubetsk in East Slavic manuscripts describing the events of 1164 and 1183, although the locally 975 is regarded as the year of its foundation.[citation needed] At that early period, it was variously called Trubech (Трубечь), Trubetsk (Трубецк), Trubchesk (Трубческ), or Trubezhsk (Трубежск).[citation needed]

The town is referred to in the great Old Russian poem, The Tale of Igor's Campaign. This poem calls for the princes of the various Slavic lands to join forces in resisting the invasions of the nomadic Cuman people. The poem also glorified the courage of the army of Vsevolod Svyatoslavich, the ruler of Kursk and Trubchevsk.

 
The Millennium Monument in Trubchevsk, representing Boyan playing a gusli

Originally a minor center of Severia, Trubchevsk had its own princes sporadically throughout the Middle Ages, in 1164–1196, 1202–1211, 1212–1240, 1378–1399, and finally in 1462–1503. The last dynasty eventually settled in Moscow, where they became known as Princes Trubetskoy. Between 1609 and 1644, the town belonged to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and its name was spelled as Trubczewsk.

During World War II, Trubchevsk was occupied by the German Army from October 9, 1941 to September 18, 1943. Prior to the war, about 137 Jews lived in Trubchevsk. Most of the Jews were craftsmen, including cobblers and carpenters. The town was occupied by German forces in early October 1941. By that time, more than half of the Jews fled or evacuated. The Jews from the Trubchevsk district were gathered in a Klub for 3 days and shot afterwards at the edge of the village. Their bodies were burnt. In total, according to the Soviet archives, 751 Soviet citizens perished due to bad treatment or as a result of shooting in the entire Trubchevsk district. Aside from Jews, mentally ill children and adults were exterminated as well. [10]

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Trubchevsk serves as the administrative center of Trubchevsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Trubchevsky District as Trubchevsky Urban Administrative Okrug.[2] As a municipal division, Trubchevsky Urban Administrative Okrug is incorporated within Trubchevsky Municipal District as Trubchevskoye Urban Settlement.[5]

ArchitectureEdit

There are very few notable buildings in the town. The main landmark is the 19th-century Trinity Cathedral, which incorporates some parts from its 16th-century predecessor.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Law #13-Z
  2. ^ a b c d Law #69-Z
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e Law #3-Z
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ http://yahadmap.org/#village/trubchevsk-bryansk-russia.1061

SourcesEdit

  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №13-З от 5 июня 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Брянской области», в ред. Закона №4-З от 5 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Брянской области». Опубликован: "Брянский рабочий", №119, 24 июня 1997 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #13-Z of June 5, 1997 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #4-Z of February 5, 2014 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Bryansk Oblast. ).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №69-З от 2 ноября 2012 г. «Об образовании городских административных округов, поселковых административных округов, сельских административных округов, установлении границ, наименований и административных центров административных округов в Брянской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2013 г. Опубликован: Информационный бюллетень "Официальная Брянщина", №16, 6 ноября 2012 г.. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #69-Z of November 2, 2002 On the Establishment of Urban Administrative Okrugs, Settlement Administrative Okrugs, Rural Administrative Okrugs, on Establishing Borders, Names, and Administrative Centers of the Administrative Okrugs of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2013.).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №3-З от 9 марта 2005 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований статусом статусом городского округа, муниципального района, городского поселения, сельского поселения и установлении границ муниципальных образований в Брянской области», в ред. Закона №75-З от 28 сентября 2015 г. «Об изменении статуса населённого пункта посёлок Красный Ятвиж Клетнянского района Брянской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Брянская неделя", №13, 8 апреля 2005 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #3-Z of March 9, 2005 On Granting the Municipal Formations the Status of Urban Okrug, Municipal District, Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement and on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #75-Z of September 28, 2015 On Changing the Status of the Inhabited Locality the Settlement of Krasny Yatvizh in Kletnyansky District of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).

External linksEdit