Trewhiddle is a small settlement in south Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It lies in the civil parish of Pentewan Valley and the ecclesiastical parish of St Austell. The nearest town is St Austell, approximately one mile to the north.

Trewhiddle
Trewhiddle is located in Cornwall
Trewhiddle
Trewhiddle
Location within Cornwall
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townST AUSTELL
Postcode districtPL26
Dialling code01726
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireCornwall
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°19′30″N 4°48′02″W / 50.3251°N 4.8006°W / 50.3251; -4.8006Coordinates: 50°19′30″N 4°48′02″W / 50.3251°N 4.8006°W / 50.3251; -4.8006

The Trewhiddle Hoard (see below) has given its name to a Trewhiddle style of decoration in Anglo-Saxon art of the 9th century.

Manor of TrewhiddleEdit

Trewhiddle was formerly referred to as a manor[1] which at one time contained two small settlements, Higher and Lower Trewhiddle. These settlements existed till at least 1891,[2] but have since disappeared. The Trewhiddle area still includes two farms and Trewhiddle House.

ArchaeologyEdit

The Trewhiddle HoardEdit

 
The Trewhiddle Hoard in the British Museum
 
The silver chalice and other items

On 8 November 1774, miners streaming for tin uncovered a hoard of 114 Anglo-Saxon coins together with a silver chalice and other gold and silver objects. The coins, mostly from Mercia and Wessex, indicate that the hoard was hidden, possibly to protect it from Viking raiders, in around 868.[1][3] The artefacts were originally collected by Philip Rashleigh who published a subsequent account.[4] Some were later dispersed, but most of the hoard was presented to the British Museum.[5] Many of the artefacts were decorated with stylized niello animals, a feature of Anglo-Saxon art which has since become known as Trewhiddle style decoration.[6][7]

The Trewhiddle IngotEdit

Another remarkable discovery was made in 2003, when a 150-year-old lump of tungsten was found at Trewhiddle Farm. This may predate the earliest known smelting of the metal (which requires extremely high temperatures) and has led to speculation that it may have been produced during a visit by Rudolf Erich Raspe to Happy-Union mine (at nearby Pentewan) in the late eighteenth century. Raspe, best known as the author or translator of the Baron Munchausen stories, was also a chemist with a particular interest in tungsten.[8][9]

Trewhiddle House and estateEdit

The legendary Cornish smuggler Cruel Coppinger may have been based on John Copinger, said to have purchased the Trewhiddle estate in the 1790s.[10] In the 1840s, Trewhiddle House was home to the entomologist and botanist Francis Polkinghorne Pascoe. In the late twentieth century the house became a restaurant (the 'Trewhiddle Inn') and the estate a tourist campsite. Both house and estate have now been sold to developers and a number of 'New England-style' holiday villas have now been built.[11] Little evidence remains of the former house other than a capped-off well and a small portion of the former walls which have been built into the landscaping.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Rashleigh, J. "An account of Anglo-Saxon coins and gold and silver ornaments found at Trewhiddle, near St Austell, AD 1774", Numismatic Chronicle 8: 137-157 (1868)
  2. ^ "Cornwall Online Census Project, transcript of Piece RG12/1822(5)". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  3. ^ Rogers, J. J. "Saxon silver ornaments and coins found at Trewhiddle, near St Austell, AD 1774", Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall 2: 292-305 (1867)
  4. ^ Rashleigh, P. "Account of antiquities discovered in Cornwall, 1774", Archaeologia 9: 187-188 (1789)
  5. ^ "Collection search: You searched for". British Museum. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  6. ^ Laing, J. Anglo-Saxon England, vol. 5, p. 181 (1979) ISBN 0-7100-0113-4
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "BBC Inside Out - Tungsten". Bbc.co.uk. 4 October 2004. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 June 2007. Retrieved 23 February 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Welcome to Natural Retreats". Naturalretreats.co.uk. Retrieved 2 March 2017.