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On September 20, 1979, representatives of the newly independent Republic of Kiribati and of the United States met in Tarawa to sign a treaty of friendship between the two nations, known as the Treaty of Tarawa. More formally, the treaty is entitled, "Kiribati, Treaty of Friendship and Territorial Sovereignty, September 20, 1979"; and subtitled "Treaty of Friendship Between the United States of America and the Republic of Kiribati".[1] In this treaty, the U.S. acknowledged Kiribati sovereignty over fourteen islands.[2] The treaty was approved by the U.S. Senate on June 21, 1983.[1] The treaty came into force on September 23, 1983, by the exchange of the instruments of ratification, which took place at Suva, Fiji.[3] This, together with British cessation of claims, ended the Canton and Enderbury Islands Condominium, which had begun under the terms of the Guano Islands Act. In Art. 3 the US have reserved the right to maintain military bases on the Islands of Canton, Enderbury or Hull.

Islands mentioned in the treatyEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Treaty of friendship between the United States of America and the Republic of Kiribati". Retrieved 2018-01-18. Advise and consent to ratification by the Senate June 21, 1983;
  2. ^ US Department of State Background Note
  3. ^ Text of the Treaty United Nations, Treaty Series, #28230