Edward III of England's son, Edward the Black Prince, invaded France from English-held Gascony in 1356, winning a victory at the Battle of Poitiers. During the battle, the Gascon noble Jean III de Grailly, captal de Buch, captured the French king, John II, and many of his nobles. At the instigation of the Pope, negotiations were opened, resulting in a truce on 13 March 1357. The Black Prince brought John to London where negotiations continued, and the First treaty of London was signed in May 1358.
The truce set John's ransom at four million écus. The treaty was never implemented, largely because the French did not raise the first installment of the ransom. However, negotiations resumed that extended the truce and eventually led to the second treaty of London.
See also Edit
- Patourel. Norman and Plantagenet. pp. 20-21
- Fritze. Historical Dictionary of Late Medieval England. p. 325
- Le Patourel, John (1984). Jones, Michael (ed.). Feudal Empires: Norman and Plantagenet. London: Hambledon Continuum. ISBN 0-907628-22-2. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
- Robison, William B; Fritze, Ronald H, eds. (2002). Historical Dictionary of Late Medieval England, 1272-1485. Westport CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-29124-1.