Tradescantia ohiensis

Tradescantia ohiensis, commonly known as bluejacket[2] or Ohio spiderwort, is an herbaceous plant species in the genus Tradescantia native to eastern and central North America. It is the most common and widely distributed species of Tradescantia in the United States, where it can be found from Maine in the northeast, west to Minnesota, and south to Texas and Florida. It also has a very small distribution in Canada in extreme southern Ontario near Windsor.[3][4][5]

Ohio spiderwort
Tradescantia ohiensis
Tradescantia ohiensis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Commelinales
Family: Commelinaceae
Subfamily: Commelinoideae
Tribe: Tradescantieae
Subtribe: Tradescantiinae
Genus: Tradescantia
Species:
T. ohiensis
Binomial name
Tradescantia ohiensis
Synonyms[1]
  • Tradescantella incarnata (Small) Small
  • Tradescantia canaliculata Raf.
  • Tradescantia canaliculata f. albiflora (Slavin & Nieuwl.) Deam
  • Tradescantia canaliculata f. lesteri (Standl.) Deam
  • Tradescantia canaliculata f. mariae (Standl.) Deam
  • Tradescantia foliosa Small
  • Tradescantia incarnata Small
  • Tradescantia ohiensis var. foliosa (Small) MacRoberts
  • Tradescantia ohiensis var. paludosa (E.S.Anderson & Woodson) MacRoberts
  • Tradescantia ohiensis f. pilosa Waterf.
  • Tradescantia paludosa E.S.Anderson & Woodson
  • Tradescantia reflexa Raf.
  • Tradescantia reflexa f. albiflora A.D.Slavin & Nieuwl.
  • Tradescantia reflexa var. eloiseana Farw.
  • Tradescantia reflexa f. lesteri Standl.
  • Tradescantia reflexa f. mariae Standl.
  • Tradescantia riparia Raf.

Distinguishing features of the species include glaucous leaves and stems, leaves forming an acute angle with the stems, sepals with hairs lacking glands which are confined to the apex if present at all, and a relatively tall habit (up to about 115 cm). Typical habitats for the plant include roadsides, along railroads, and in fields and thickets. Less typically it can occur in woods, and sometimes along streams. As with many species in the genus, it often forms hybrids with related species where they co-occur. More specifically, at least nine different species are thought to be capable of forming hybrids with T. ohiensis.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tradescantia ohiensis Raf". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  2. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Tradescantia ohiensis". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  3. ^ "Tradescantia ohiensis". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  4. ^ "Tradescantia ohiensis". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  5. ^ Turner, B.L. (2006). Texas species of Tradescantia (Commelinaceae). Phytologia 88: 312-331.
  6. ^ Faden, Robert (2000). "Tradescantia ohiensis". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). Vol. 22. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.