Tose (company)

Tose Co., Ltd. (株式会社トーセ, Kabushiki-gaisha Tōse) (TYO: 4728) (also called Tose Software) is a Japanese video game development company based in Kyoto. It is mostly known for developing Nintendo's Game & Watch Gallery series, various Dragon Ball games, as well as other Nintendo products. Tose has developed or co-developed over 1,000 games since the company's inception in 1979, but is virtually never credited in the games themselves (an exception to this is Game & Watch Gallery 4 and The Legendary Starfy series, as Tose shares the copyright with Nintendo).[2] "We're always behind the scenes," said Masa Agarida, Vice President of Tose's U.S. division. "Our policy is not to have a vision. Instead, we follow our customers' visions. Most of the time we refuse to put our name on the games, not even staff names." As such, Tose has gained a reputation for being a "ghost developer".[3]

Tose Co., Ltd.
TypeKabushiki kaisha (public)
TYO: 4728
IndustryVideo games
FoundedNovember 1979; 42 years ago (1979-11)
Key people
  • Shigeru Saito
    (Chairman and CEO)
  • Yasuhito Watanabe
    (President and COO)
ProductsGame & Watch Gallery series
Number of employees
1,000 (2015)[1]
WebsiteOfficial website


In November 1979, Tose was established at Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto as independent entity from Toa Seiko Co., Ltd. In April 1984 they began to develop video games, a year later educational software. Tose's head office was moved Otokuni-gun, Kyoto Prefecture in May 1986. Event software development began in April 1987. In July 1988, new head office in Yamazaki, Kyoto was completed. Starting in May 1990, Tose began developing software for Game Boy and Super Famicom (Super NES).

In August 1999, Tose was listed on the Osaka Securities Exchange 2nd Section and Kyoto Stock Exchange. In October of that year, the Kyoto Head office was opened at Shijo-Karasuma, which integrate the business of head office functions and the Karasuma CG Center. On 27 September 2000, Tose was listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange 2nd Section.[4] In August 2001, they were listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange 1st Section and Osaka Securities Exchange 1st Section.

On December 18, 2007 Tose announced the leakage of its business information onto the Internet, discovered a day before. The information included 10 pieces of information relating to customer names, development cases, development contents, development fees and reception time.[5]

On September 1, 2011 Tose announced separating the amusement machine development business from the 2nd game development department (ゲーム事業部開発2部) into a separate amusement machine developer (AM開発部).[6]

List of games developed by ToseEdit

NOTE: Some of these titles are merely believed or assumed to be developed by Tose, due to information compiled by various amateur and professional journalists. Most have not been officially confirmed as Tose-developed products by any of the games' publishers, co-developers, or Tose themselves. Many of the games released by Bandai, Tomy Corporation, Jaleco, Taito, Namco, Tonkin House were developed by Tose.

See also Category:Tose (company) games


Family Computer/Nintendo Entertainment SystemEdit

Super Famicom/Super NESEdit

Game BoyEdit

Game Boy ColorEdit

Game Boy AdvanceEdit


PlayStation 2Edit


PlayStation 3Edit

PlayStation 4Edit

PlayStation 5Edit

PlayStation PortableEdit

PlayStation VitaEdit

Nintendo DSEdit

Nintendo 3DSEdit

SEGA DreamcastEdit


List of games published by NintendoEdit

These are games published by Nintendo that were developed by Tose.

Family Computer/Nintendo Entertainment SystemEdit

Game BoyEdit

Game Boy ColorEdit

Virtual BoyEdit

Game Boy AdvanceEdit

Nintendo DSEdit

Nintendo 3DSEdit

Wii UEdit

Nintendo SwitchEdit

Games ported by ToseEdit

Tose has ported a few games, including Square and Enix games for the Nintendo Entertainment System and Super NES.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Leone, Matt (30 September 2015). "The secret developers of the video game industry". Polygon. Vox Media. Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  2. ^ Sheffield, Brandon (2006-05-18). "Tose: Game Development Ninjas". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  3. ^ Cifaldi, Frank (2006-04-20). "The Connection is Made: Developer Highlights from Game Connection 2006 (Part Two)". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  4. ^ 東京証券取引所市場第二部への上場のお知らせ
  5. ^ 業務情報の漏洩に関するお知らせ[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ 機構改革および人事異動についてのお知らせ
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Kennedy, Sam (2007-01-24). "Tose: Gaming's Dirty Little Secret". Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  8. ^ Rose, Mike (May 1, 2013). "What the heck is Bullfrog's Theme Aquarium?". Gamasutra. UBM Technology Group. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  9. ^ "Aquarium (1998) PlayStation release dates". MobyGames. Blue Flame Labs. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  10. ^ Hill, Doug (October 14, 1999). "Tose to develop for Playstation 2". Archived from the original on 2012-04-29. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  11. ^ Caoili, Eric (December 29, 2010). "Devil Summoner: Soul Hackers' Fan-Translation Trailer". GameSetWatch. Retrieved 2015-05-13.
  12. ^ Seedhouse, Alex (May 25, 2019). "Star Ocean: First Departure R Announced For Nintendo Switch". Nintendo Insider. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
  13. ^ 任天堂より発売のゲームボーイ アドバンス用ソフト「伝説のスタフィー」は、任天堂とトーセが共同開発いたしました。
  14. ^ "Nintendo Power Holiday 2008". Nintendo Power. Vol. 236. 2008. p. 82.

External linksEdit