Tamio "Tommy" Kono (June 27, 1930 – April 24, 2016) was an American weightlifter in the 1950s and 1960s. Kono set world records in four different weight classes: lightweight (149 pounds or 67.5 kilograms), middleweight (165 lb or 75 kg), light-heavyweight (182 lb or 82.5 kg), and middle-heavyweight (198 lb or 90 kg).
Kono in 2015
|Birth name||Tamio Kono|
|Born||June 27, 1930|
Sacramento, California, U.S
|Died||April 24, 2016 (aged 85)|
Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S
|Height||167 cm (5 ft 6 in)|
|Weight||67–81 kg (148–179 lb)|
|Event(s)||Clean and press|
Clean and jerk
Of Japanese descent, Kono was born in Sacramento, California, on June 27, 1930. Kono's family was relocated to Tule Lake internment camp in 1942 during World War II. Sickly as a child, the desert air helped Kono's asthma. It was during the relocation that Kono was introduced to weightlifting by neighbors including the late Noboru "Dave" Shimoda, a member of the Tule Lake weight lifting and bodybuilding club and brother of actor Yuki Shimoda and his friends, Gotoh, Toda, and Bob Nakanishi. After 3½ years they were released and Kono finished high school at Sacramento High. He later worked for the California Department of Motor Vehicles and attended Sacramento Junior College.
Kono was a gold medalist at both the 1952 Summer Olympics and 1956 Summer Olympics, and a silver medalist at the 1960 Summer Olympics under coach Bob Hoffman. Kono won the World Weightlifting Championships six consecutive times from 1953 to 1959 and was a three-time Pan American Games champion; in 1955, 1959, and 1963. A knee injury prevented him from qualifying for the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo and the following year he retired from the sport. He set a total of 26 world records and 7 Olympic records, making him the most accomplished U.S. male weightlifter to date.
Kono was also a successful bodybuilder, winning the Fédération Internationale Haltérophile et Culturiste Mr. Universe titles in 1954, 1955, 1957 and 1961. After his retirement he turned to coaching, taking on the Mexican 1968 Summer Olympics and West German 1972 Summer Olympics weightlifting teams before becoming head coach of the United States' Olympic weightlifting team at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
During his weightlifting career in the 1960s, he developed a pair of bands to support knees during training. These eventually extended to the elbows and became standard weightlifting equipment. While he was coaching in Germany during the 1970s, his correspondence with Adidas led to the firm's development of low cut weightlifting shoes.
Along with his weightlifting and bodybuilding titles, Kono was an eight-time Amateur Athletic Union James E. Sullivan Award finalist, an award given annually to the top American amateur athlete. He was also one of the first members of the Hawaii Sports Hall of Fame in 1978. In 1990, Kono received the Association of Oldetime Barbell and Strongmen Highest Achievement Award and was inducted into the United States Olympic Hall of Fame. He was elected to the International Weightlifting Federation Hall of Fame in 1993. In 2005, the International Weightlifting Federation named Kono the "Lifter of the Century."
- "Tommy Kono". sports-reference.com. Sports Reference. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- "Sports Biographies: Kono, "Tommy" (Tami T.)". Hickok Sports. Archived from the original on May 26, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Olympic weightlifter Kono dies at 85". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Miyaguchi, Sean (December 4, 2015). "Olympic journey of American weightlifting legend Kono began in WWII internment camp". The Japan Times. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Seip, Jim (April 30, 2016), "Greatest Olympic lifter found strength in York", York Daily Record
- Svinth, Joseph R. (January 2000). "PT: Tommy Kono". Physical Training. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Zaccardi, Nick (April 25, 2016). "Tommy Kono, Olympic weightlifting legend, dies at 85". NBC Sports. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Scheuring, Ian (April 25, 2016). "Olympic gold medalist, legendary weightlifter Tommy Kono dies". Hawaii News Now. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- "Two-Time Weightlifting Olympic Champion Tommy Kono Dies At 85". Team USA. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Litsky, Frank (April 29, 2016). "Tommy Kono, Weight-Lifting Champion Raised in Internment Camp, Dies at 85". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
- "Mr. Universe Competition by FIHC". sport-record.info. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Schmitz, Jim (2014). "The Feet". IronMind. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Heffernan, Conor (April 5, 2016). "The History of Weightlifting Shoes". Physical Culture Study. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Atkin, Ross (March 8, 1996). "America's Outstanding Amateur". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Inductees by class". Hawaii Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on July 20, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "AOBS Highest Achievement (Vic Boff) Award Recipients". Association of Oldetime Barbell and Strongmen. Archived from the original on November 18, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Notable US Olympic Hall of Fame inductees". NBC Sports. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Weightlifting Hall of Fame". International Weightlifting Federation. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- Litsky, Frank (April 29, 2016), "Tommy Kono, Weight-Lifting Champion Raised in Internment Camp, Dies at 85", The New York Times