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Tomato ringspot virus

Tomato ringspot virus (ToRSV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Secoviridae. It affects species of cucumber, tobacco, tomato, cowpea, among others.[1] It causes ringspots in tobacco plants and raspberries, yellow bud mosaic in peaches, yellow vein in grapes, and stunted growth in gladiolus and Narcissus. Its range is in the temperate regions of North America, especially where its vector, Xiphinema americanum is present.[2] Along with the adult and larval stages of this nematode, the virus is also spread by seed. This type of infection is more common in strawberries and soybeans than any other susceptible plant.[3][4]

Tomato ringspot virus (ToRSV)
Virus classification
Group IV ((+)ssRNA)
Tomato ringspot virus
  • blackberry Himalaya mosaic virus
  • euonymus ringspot virus
  • grape yellow vein virus
  • grapevine yellow vein virus
  • peach yellow bud mosaic virus
  • prune brown line virus
  • prunus stem-pitting virus
  • red currant mosaic virus
  • tobacco ringspot virus 2
  • winter peach mosaic virus


  1. ^ Teliz, Grogan, and Lownsberry (1966). "Transmission of tomato ringspot, peach yellow- bud mosaic, and grape yellow vein viruses by Xiphinema americanum". Phytopathology. 56: 658–63.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Frazier, Yarwood, and Gold (1961). "Yellow-bud virus endemic along California coast". Plant Disease Reporter. 45: 649.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Dual transmission of tobacco ringspot virus and tomato ringspot virus by Xiphineina umeriianum". Phytopathology. 57: 535–537.
  4. ^ Mellor and Stace-Smith (1963). "Reaction of strawberry to a ringspot virus from raspberry". Canadian Journal of Botany. 41 (6): 865–870. doi:10.1139/b63-070.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)

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