Toledo District is the southernmost district in Belize, and Punta Gorda the District capital. It is the least developed region in the country, and it features some of the most pristine rainforests, extensive cave networks, coastal lowland plains, and offshore cays. Toledo is home to a wide range of cultures—from Mopan and Kekchi Maya, to Creole, the Garifuna, East Indians, Mennonites, Mestizos, and descendants of US Confederate settlers.
Punta Gorda is the main town in the Toledo District.
Location of the district in Belize
|• Total||4,649 km2 (1,795 sq mi)|
|Population (2016 Estimate)|
|• Density||7.7/km2 (20/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||BZ-TOL|
The District has many villages, including Monkey River Town and the Toledo Settlement, the Maya villages of San Pedro Columbia, Blue Creek, Indian Creek, Santa Cruz, San Antonio, San Jose, San Felipe, and the Garifuna village of Barranco. It also has a number of Maya ruins, including Lubaantun, Nim Li Punit, Uxbenka, and Pusilha. According to the 2010 census, Toledo District had a population of 30,538 people.
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The economy of Toledo relies heavily upon agriculture: crops grown include beans and corn, as well as rice which is sold to the Big Falls Rice Mill. Cacao is grown organically and sold via the Toledo Cacao Growers Association to Green & Black’s for their renowned Maya Gold chocolate, as well as to chocolatiers within Belize. The District’s ancient and modern-day links with chocolate are celebrated annually in May (Commonwealth Day Holiday weekend) at the Toledo Cacao Festival. Farmers grow additional crops such as coffee, yams, sweet potato, chili, hot peppers, avocado, oranges and plantain for sale at the market in Punta Gorda, held each Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday.
Fishermen practice small-scale fishing from their dug-out canoes, as well as diving for lobster and conch during open season. The Port Honduras Marine Reserve just north of Punta Gorda Town is a protected area, and Toledo’s waters are regarded as the permit capital of Belize. Many traditional fishermen have now trained as fly-fishing guides through the alternative livelihood projects offered by local conservation groups.
Tourism is an important, and relatively new, industry for Toledo. Once regarded as an area only for the hardy and adventurous, the opening of new tourist accommodation and the development of tours, as well as a growing awareness of the district’s high proportion of protected areas, wildlife, excellent birding and the offshore cayes, have resulted in Toledo being recognized as an important ‘emerging destination’.
The Toledo District is served by the newly paved Southern Highway, as well as several bush roads to the many rural villages in the District. A regular bus service is provided by Punta Gorda-based James Bus Line, shuttling passengers between the other districts, also Punta Gorda Town is served by several daily commuter flights on Tropic Air and Maya Island Air and small, family run bus services that transport passengers to and from the rural villages.
Each year, during the Commonwealth Day weekend, Toledo hosts the Chocolate Festival of Belize. The festival features chocolatiers from across the country as well as chocolate-related arts and crafts. According to the project coordinator for the Toledo Cacao Growers Association Thomas Tillett, the Association currently has a membership of about 1,100 cacao farmers.
- Aguacate Indian Reservation, Toledo
- Black Creek Indian Reservation, Toledo
- Blue Creek Indian Reservation, Toledo
- Crique Sarco Indian Reservation, Toledo
- Graham Creek Indian Reservation, Toledo
- Hinchasones Indian Reservation, Toledo
- Machaca Indian Reservation, Toledo
- Xpicilha Indian Reservation, Toledo
Several significant ancient Mayan sites are extant in ruined form in the Toledo District. Nim Li Punit is a Classic Period Mayan site with ballcourts and carved stelae. Lubaantun is a drystone constructed site with ruined pyramids and stone tombs.
- Froyla Tzalam, Executive Director Sarstoon Temash Institute for Indigenous Management, Maya activist
- Gregory Choc, former Executive Director, SATIIM
- Cordelia Tzalam Foreman, Rural Community Development Officer
- Francisca Tzalam Choc, Accident and Emergency Nurse, Punta Gorda Hospital
- Christina Coc was born in Laguna in this district in 1981.
- Wil Maheia, Leader, People's National Party
- Pulcheria Teul, Government Senator, United Democratic Party
- Mike Espat, Deputy Leader, People's United Party
- Kenny Jacobs, Executive Director, Teens Belize Organization
- Shari Williams, Queen of the Bay 1998
- Jahrine Avila, Queen of the Bay 2013
- Fern Gutierrez, Punta Gorda Mayor, United Democratic Party
- Hon. Eden Martinez, former Area Rep. Minister of Social Transformation
- Hon. Juan Coy, former Minister of State
- The Forgotten District, a documentary film about ecotourism in Toledo
- "Preliminary Findings of 2010 Census" (PDF). Statistical Institute of Belize.
- "Chocolate Festival of Belize". The Toledo Howler. 6 (2): 1. 2013.
- Jones, Patrick.Toledo Celebrates Cacoa Festival. "Breaking Belize News (Belize Media Group News)." 25 May 2014 (retrieved 25 May 2014)
- Nim Li Punit, published by the Department of Archaeology, Belmopan, Belize, Project ACP-RPR 544, Cubola Productions, March, 1999
- C.Michael Hogan, Lubaantun, 2007, The Megalithic Portal, editor: A. Burnham
- "Our Belize Community—Cristina Coc". San Pedro Town, Belize: The San Pedro Sun. 10 January 2008. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
- Official website - with maps and area attractions
- Toledo District at belize.fm
- The Toledo Howler - quarterly newspaper published by the BTIA Toledo Chapter
- How to Cook a Tapir - a Belize memoir, documenting the author's year-long working honeymoon in the Toledo District
- Treehouse Perspectives - Living High on Little - the story of the Salisbury family's move and new life in Punta Gorda
- Governmental influence on ecotourism in Toledo - Influence or interference?