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The Tokyu Toyoko Line (東急東横線, Tōkyū Tōyoko-sen) is a major railway line connecting Tokyo (Shibuya) to Yokohama. The line is owned and operated by the private railway operator Tokyu Corporation. The name of the line, Tōyoko (東横), is a combination of the first characters of Tōkyō (京) and Yokohama (浜). The Toyoko Line is the mainline of the Tokyu network. The section between Den-en-chōfu and Hiyoshi Station is a quadruple track corridor with the Tōkyū Meguro Line.

Tokyu Toyoko Line
TY
Tokyu 5000 kei Fliner.JPG
A Toyoko Line 5050 series EMU in 2010
Overview
TypeCommuter rail
LocaleKantō Region
TerminiShibuya
Yokohama
Stations21
Daily ridership1,119,453 (FY2010)[1]
Operation
Opened14 February 1926
OwnerTokyu Corporation
Technical
Line length24.2 km (15.0 mi)
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Operating speed110 km/h (70 mph)

Through OperationEdit

Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin LineEdit

On 16 March 2013, the section of the Toyoko line between Shibuya and Daikanyama Station was put underground, and connected to the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line platforms at Shibuya. This allows for through operation between the two lines. Since opening of the Fukutoshin Line in 2008 trains would through operate between the Seibu Ikebukuro line (via Seibu Yurakucho line) and the Tobu Tojo line at the northern end of the Fukutoshin Line. The new connection allows trains from Tobu Railway, Seibu Railway Tokyo Metro, Tokyu Corporation and Yokohama Minatomirai Railway to operate trains in a common corridor. As a result of the new connection, the original elevated Shibuya terminal for Tokyu trains was abandoned and demolished.

Minatomirai LineEdit

On 1 February 2004, Toyoko line was realigned underground between Tammachi and Yokohama Station in to allow for through operation with the Minatomirai Line. The original alignment to Yokohama Station was demolished and turned into a park.

Tokyo Metro Hibiya LineEdit

Through operation with the Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line started on 29 August 1964, with trains starting at Hiyoshi station will travel into Kita-Senju Station via a connection to the Hibiya Line at Naka-Meguro Station. In 1988, this service was extended to Kikuna Station temporarily during the realignment of Hiyoshi station to an underground corridor, but was retained as official service due to its popularity. With the start of through operation with the Fukutoshin line services all through services between the Toyoko Line and the Hibiya line were abolished. Passengers needing to transfer between the two lines have to perform a cross-platform interchange between the two lines at Naka-Meguro Station.

Sotetsu Railway (Planned)Edit

In May 2006, the official website of both the Tokyu and Sagami Railway (Sotetsu) announced a plan to build a 12.7 kilometer long connection to allow trains to through operate between the Sagami Railway Main Line and Toyoko Line by April 2019. The connection is envisioned to start at Hiyoshi Station and head to Sotetsu Main Line's Nishiya Station. New stations will be set up at Tsunashima station, Shin-Yokohama Station and Hazawa Yokohama National Grand Station (near JR Tokaido Freight line Yokohama Hazawa Station). However, when a concrete plan was specified in November 2008 for Tsunashima station, the plan was changed to the establishment of "Shin Tsunashima Station" to be constructed directly under the Tsunashima Road on the east side from Tsunashima station on the eastern line, and the station was a construction plan of two-sided two-plane structure.

ServicesEdit

S-TrainEdit

Limited Express (Toyoko Express)Edit

Limited Express (特急, Tokkyū) is the fastest service provided on the line at no extra charge. Trains can complete the journey between Shibuya and Motomachi-Chukagai in 35 minutes. At Shibuya most Limited Express trains will through operate into Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line and many continue beyond into the Tobu Tojo Line as Express and Seibu Ikebukuro Line as Rapid Express or Commuter Express services. At Yokohama most Limited Express trains continue as Limited Express trains in the Minatomirai Line. Trains that continuously and completely operate as express services through Tobu/Seibu, Tokyo Metro, Tokyu and Yokohama Minatomirai railways are dubbed as "F-Liner" services.

Commuter ExpressEdit

Commuter Express (通勤特急, Tsūkin Tokkyū) is an express train with more stops that operates in the night and PM rush hours during the weekday when Limited Express trains are not operating. Most Limited Express trains will through operate into Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line as Commuter Express trains and beyond into the Tobu Tojo and Seibu Ikebukuro lines as Rapid services.

ExpressEdit

Express (急行, Kyūkō) trains operate all day. Some Express Trains will through operate into Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin line as local services.

LocalEdit

Local (各駅停車, Kakueki-teisha) trains stop at all stations.

StationsEdit

Key:

  • O: stop; |: pass, ※: brief stop
No. Name Japanese Distance (km) L Ex CE LE/FL ST Transfers Location
Through-service to/from Shinrinkōen and Hannō via the FTokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line, TJ Tobu Tojo Line, and   Seibu Ikebukuro Line
TY01

F16

Shibuya 渋谷 0.0 O O O O O Shibuya, Tokyo
TY02 Daikan-yama 代官山 1.5 O | | | |  
TY03 Naka-Meguro 中目黒 2.2 O O O O H Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line Meguro, Tokyo
TY04 Yūtenji 祐天寺 3.2 O | | | |  
TY05 Gakugeidaigaku 学芸大学 4.2 O O | | |  
TY06 Toritsudaigaku 都立大学 5.6 O | | | |  
TY07 Jiyūgaoka 自由が丘 7.0 O O O O O OM Tokyu Oimachi Line
TY08 Den-en-chōfu 田園調布 8.2 O O | | | MG Tokyu Meguro Line Ōta, Tokyo
TY09 Tamagawa 多摩川 9.0 O O | | |
TY10 Shin-Maruko 新丸子 10.3 O | | | | MG Tokyu Meguro Line Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki Kanagawa Prefecture
TY11 Musashi-Kosugi 武蔵小杉 10.8 O O O O
TY12 Motosumiyoshi 元住吉 12.1 O | | | | MG Tokyu Meguro Line
TY13 Hiyoshi 日吉 13.6 O O O | |
Kōhoku-ku, Yokohama
TY14 Tsunashima 綱島 15.8 O O | | |  
TY15 Ōkurayama 大倉山 17.5 O | | | |  
TY16 Kikuna 菊名 18.8 O O O O JH Yokohama Line
TY17 Myōrenji 妙蓮寺 20.2 O | | | |  
TY18 Hakuraku 白楽 21.4 O | | | |   Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama
TY19 Higashi-Hakuraku 東白楽 22.1 O | | | |  
TY20 Tammachi 反町 23.2 O | | | |  
TY21

MM01

Yokohama 横浜 24.2 O O O O O Nishi-ku, Yokohama
Through-running to/from Motomachi-Chūkagai via the   Minatomirai Line

Rolling stockEdit

Eight-car Tokyo Metro 10000 series sets entered revenue service on the Tokyu Toyoko Line and Minatomirai Line from 7 September 2012.[2]

Former rolling stockEdit

HistoryEdit

 
Toyoko Line train in 1980

The first section of the line from Tamagawa to Kanagawa (separate from the present Kanagawa of Keikyu) opened on 14 February 1926. The line was extended incrementally until the entire length from Shibuya to Sakuragichō in Yokohama was opened on 31 March 1932. On 29 August 1964, through service to the Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line via Naka-Meguro Station was started.[4]

 
The former Sakuragicho Station platforms in January 2004

On 31 January 2004, the section of Yokohama to Sakuragichō was abandoned.[4] From 1 February, Tokyu Toyoko Line trains started through service from Yokohama to the Minatomirai Line.[4]

On 16 March 2013, the 1.4-kilometer section between Shibuya to Daikan-yama was replaced with an underground connection to the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line. The original ground-level terminal platforms were closed after the last service at 1 am that morning.[5] Just four hours later, at 5 am, trains began calling at a new set of underground platforms adjacent to those previously served only by the Fukutoshin Line.[6] During this time, 1,200 workers shifted the track alignment at Daikan-yama Station along a pre-built incline, a notable engineering feat.[7] Since that day, Tokyu and Yokohama Minatomirai Railway trains commenced through running onto the Fukutoshin Line and beyond. Tokyo Metro, Tobu, and Seibu also started operating their trains through to the Toyoko and Minatomirai Lines.[citation needed]

Incidents and accidentsEdit

On 15 February 2014, two trains collided and derailed at Motosumiyoshi station resulting in nineteen injuries.[8] Heavy snow and operations continuing at normal speed were seen as likely causes.[9]

Future developmentsEdit

Platform edge doors are scheduled to be installed at all stations on the line by 2020.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tokyu ridership in 2010 Train Media (sourced from Tokyu) Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  2. ^ 東京メトロ10000系が東横線・みなとみらい線で営業運転を開始 [Tokyo Metro 10000 series enters revenue service on Tokyu Toyoko and Minato Mirai Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 8 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  3. ^ 私鉄車両年鑑2012 [Japan Private Railways Annual 2012] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. February 2012. p. 144. ISBN 978-4-86320-549-9.
  4. ^ a b c Terada, Hirokazu (19 January 2013). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways]. Japan: Neko Publishing. pp. 70–71. ISBN 978-4-7770-1336-4.
  5. ^ 安井功 (15 March 2013). さよなら東横線渋谷駅…大改造計画が始動. MSN Sankei News. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  6. ^ "さよなら「ヒビチョク」 副都心線乗り入れの陰で、菊名~北千住が3月15日終幕". Kanaloco. 14 March 2013. Archived from the original on 25 April 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  7. ^ "1,200 Japanese workers convert above-ground train to subway line in a matter of hours". SoraNews24. Socio Corporation. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  8. ^ 後続電車が追突し脱線 東横線、乗客19人けが一部区間で運転見合わせ [Later train collides and derails on the Tōyoko Line. 19 passengers injured, some services suspended]. Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 15 February 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  9. ^ "雪でブレーキ力低下か、ATCは作動 東横線事故" [Tōyoko Line incident. Were the brakes compromised due to the snow? The Automatic Train Control was operational.]. Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 15 February 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  10. ^ 2020年を目標に東横線・田園都市線・大井町線の全64駅にホームドアを設置します [Platform edge doors to be installed at all 64 stations on Toyoko Line, Den-en-toshi Line, and Oimachi Line]. News release (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyu Corporation. 9 January 2015. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.

External linksEdit