Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line
The Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (東京メトロ日比谷線 Tōkyō Metoro Hibiya-sen) is a subway line in Tokyo, Japan, owned and operated by the Tokyo subway operator Tokyo Metro. The line was named after the Hibiya area in Chiyoda's Yurakucho district, under which it passes. On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is shown using the color "silver" ( ), and its stations are given numbers using the letter "H".
|Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line|
A Tokyo Metro 03 series EMU on the Hibiya Line
|Daily ridership||1,213,492 (2017)|
|Opened||March 28, 1961|
Tokyo Metro 03 series|
Tobu 20000 series
Tokyo Metro 13000 series
Tobu 70000 series
|Line length||20.3 km (12.6 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
The Hibiya Line runs between Naka-Meguro in Meguro and Kita-Senju in Adachi. The line's path is somewhat similar to that of the Ginza Line; however, the Hibiya Line was designed to serve a number of important districts, such as Ebisu, Roppongi, Tsukiji, Kayabachō and Senju, which were not on an existing line.
The Hibiya Line became the first line operated by Tokyo Metro to offer through services with a private railway, and the second Tokyo subway line overall after the Toei Asakusa Line. It is connected to the Tobu Skytree Line at Kita-Senju, and through services operate between Naka-Meguro and Tōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen on the Tobu Skytree Line, and onward to Minami-Kurihashi on the Tobu Nikko Line. Some peak-hour services terminate at Takenotsuka, Kita-Koshigaya or Kita-Kasukabe on the Tobu Skytree Line.
The line is the first subway line overall to use 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow gauge (as previous lines used standard gauge), and all subsequent lines operated by Tokyo Metro were built to this gauge to accommodate through services. (Of all subway lines built since the Hibiya Line, only the Shinjuku and Ōedo Lines were not built to this gauge.)
According to the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation, as of June 2009 the Hibiya Line is the eighth most crowded subway line in Tokyo, running at 164% capacity between Minowa and Iriya stations.
On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is shown using the color "silver", and its stations are numbered with the prefix "H".
All stations are located in Tokyo.
|Naka-meguro[* 1]||中目黒||-||0.0||Tokyu Toyoko Line||Meguro|
|Roppongi||六本木||1.7||4.2||Toei Oedo Line (E-23)|
|Higashi-ginza||東銀座||0.4||9.0||Toei Asakusa Line (A-11)|
|Kayabacho||茅場町||0.5||11.1||Tokyo Metro Tozai Line (T-11)|
|Minowa||三ノ輪||1.2||17.4||Toden Arakawa Line (Minowabashi)|
|↓ Through-service to/from Tobu Skytree Line to Tōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen and to Minami-Kurihashi via the Tobu Nikko Line ↓|
- Naka-meguro is shared by both Tokyu and Tokyo Metro; Tokyu manages the station.
- Kita-senju is shared by both Tobu Railway and Tokyo Metro; Tobu Railway manages the station.
A new, as-yet unnamed, station is scheduled to be built between Kamiyachō and Kasumigaseki, provisionally opening in 2020 to serve the 2020 Summer Olympics, and full opening by fiscal 2022. Situated 800 m south of Kasumigaseki and 500 m north of Kamiyacho, it will be located on the west side of the Toranomon Hills commercial and residential complex which opened in June 2014, and will provide connections with a new bus and bus rapid transit terminal also planned ahead of the 2020 Olympics.
- Tokyo Metro 03 series (8-car EMUs, since 1988)
- Tobu 20000 series (8-car EMUs, since 1988)
- Tokyo Metro 13000 series (7-car EMUs, since 25 March 2017)
- Tobu 70000 series (7-car EMUs, since 7 July 2017)
- TRTA 3000 series (from 1961 until July 1994)
- Tobu 2000 series (from 1962 until 1993)
- Tokyu 7000 series (original) (from 1964 until 1991)
- Tokyu 1000 series (from 1991 until 2013)
Its basic plan was drawn up by a Ministry of Transportation committee in 1957. Called "Line 2" at the time, it was designed to connect Naka-Meguro in southwest Tokyo with Kita-Koshigaya in the northeast. The full northeastern extension of the line was never built, as the Tobu Railway upgraded to quadruple track within the same corridor to meet capacity demands.
Work began in 1959, with the first section opening in March 1961. The line opened in stages: the northern section, between Kita-Senju and Ningyōchō, was operational in May 1962; the southern section, between Naka-Meguro and Kasumigaseki, opened in March 1964. The final segment, bridging Higashi-Ginza and Kasumigaseki, opened on August 29, 1964, just weeks before the opening ceremony for the 1964 Summer Olympics. This was something of a coup for the Teito Rapid Transit Authority (the predecessor of today's Tokyo Metro), as the Toei Asakusa Line, which was also to be completed in time for the Olympics, had fallen behind schedule and remained under construction for the duration of the Games.
The Hibiya Line was one of the lines targeted in the 1995 Aum sarin gas attack.
- Tokyo Metro station ridership in 2010 Train Media (sourced from Tokyo Metro) Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- Tobu Timetable, 16 March 2013, p.177-188
- The 地下鉄 [The Subway]. Japan: Sansuisha. 2004. p. 27. ISBN 4-06-366218-7.
- Metropolis, "Commute", June 12, 2009, p. 07. Capacity is defined as all passengers having a seat or a strap or door railing to hold on to.
- 日比谷線に新駅設置、東京メトロ [Tokyo Metro to build new station on Hibiya Line]. Tetsudo.com (in Japanese). Japan: Asahi Interactive, Inc. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- 東京メトロ13000系が本格的な営業運転を開始 [Tokyo Metro 13000 series enters full revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 27 March 2017. Archived from the original on 27 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- 東武70000系が営業運転を開始 [Tobu 70000 series enters revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 8 July 2017. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
- Failure Knowledge Database 日比谷線の列車脱線衝突 Archived 2009-02-11 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 11 March 2009 (in Japanese)