Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line

The Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (東京メトロ日比谷線, Tōkyō Metoro Hibiya-sen) is a subway line in Tokyo, Japan, owned and operated by Tokyo Metro. The line was named after the Hibiya area in Chiyoda's Yurakucho district, under which it passes. On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is shown using the color silver (H), and its stations are given numbers using the letter "H".

Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line
Logo of Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line.svg
Tokyo Metro Akihabara station 2019-04-03.jpg
A Tokyo Metro 13000 series at Akihabara station
Overview
Native name東京メトロ日比谷線
OwnerTokyo Metro
LocaleTokyo
TerminiNaka-Meguro
Kita-Senju
Stations22
Service
TypeRapid transit
Depot(s)Senju, Takenotsuka
Rolling stockTokyo Metro 13000 series
Tobu 70000 series
Daily ridership1,213,492 (2017)[1]
History
OpenedMarch 28, 1961
Technical
Line length20.3 km (12.6 mi)
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Operating speed80 km/h (50 mph)
Route map
HibiyaLine.png

OverviewEdit

 
A Tokyo Metro station staff member on the Hibiya Line, October 2014

The Hibiya Line runs between Naka-Meguro in Meguro and Kita-Senju in Adachi. The line's path is somewhat similar to that of the Ginza Line; however, the Hibiya Line was designed to serve a number of important districts, such as Ebisu, Roppongi, Tsukiji, Kayabachō and Senju, which were not on an existing line.

The Hibiya Line became the first line operated by Tokyo Metro to offer through services with a private railway, and the second Tokyo subway line overall after the Toei Asakusa Line. It is connected to the Tobu Skytree Line at Kita-Senju, and through services operate between Naka-Meguro and Tōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen on the Tobu Skytree Line, and onward to Minami-Kurihashi on the Tobu Nikko Line.[2] Some peak-hour services terminate at Takenotsuka, Kita-Koshigaya or Kita-Kasukabe on the Tobu Skytree Line.[2]

Prior to 16 March 2013, when through-running began between the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line and the Tokyu Toyoko Line, Hibiya Line trains also inter-ran via the Tokyu Toyoko Line to Kikuna.[3]

The line is the first subway line overall to use 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow gauge (as previous lines used standard gauge), and all subsequent lines operated by Tokyo Metro were built to this gauge to accommodate through services. (Of all subway lines built since the Hibiya Line, only the Shinjuku and Ōedo Lines were not built to this gauge.)

According to the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation, as of June 2009 the Hibiya Line is the eighth most crowded subway line in Tokyo, running at 164%[a] capacity between Minowa and Iriya stations.[4]

On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is shown using the color silver, and its stations are numbered with the prefix "H".

Now that all the old trains have been retired, platform gates are now being installed as of Apr 14, 2020, with standard door placements.

A reserved seat limited stop liner service known as the TH Liner commenced service since 6 June 2020 and stop at selected stations along the Hibiya Line and the Tobu lines.

Station listEdit

  • All stations are located in Tokyo.
No. Station Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
Between
stations
From H-01
H01 Naka-meguro[* 1] 中目黒 - 0.0 TY Tōkyū Tōyoko Line Meguro
H02 Ebisu 恵比寿 1.0 1.0 Shibuya
H03 Hiro-o 広尾 1.5 2.5   Minato
H04 Roppongi 六本木 1.7 4.2 E Toei Oedo Line (E-23)
H05 Kamiyacho 神谷町 1.5 5.7  
H06 Toranomon Hills[5] 虎ノ門ヒルズ 0.8 6.5
H07 Kasumigaseki 霞ケ関 0.5 7.0 Chiyoda
H08 Hibiya 日比谷 1.2 8.2
H09 Ginza 銀座 0.4 8.6
Chūō
H10 Higashi-ginza 東銀座 0.4 9.0 A Toei Asakusa Line (A-11)
H11 Tsukiji 築地 0.6 9.6 Y Tokyo Metro Yurakucho Line (Shintomicho: Y-20)
H12 Hatchobori 八丁堀 1.0 10.6 JE Keiyō Line
H13 Kayabacho 茅場町 0.5 11.1 T Tokyo Metro Tozai Line (T-11)
H14 Ningyocho 人形町 0.9 12.0
H15 Kodemmacho 小伝馬町 0.6 12.6  
H16 Akihabara 秋葉原 0.9 13.5 Chiyoda
H17 Naka-okachimachi 仲御徒町 1.0 14.5 Taitō
H18 Ueno 上野 0.5 15.0
H19 Iriya 入谷 1.2 16.2  
H20 Minowa 三ノ輪 1.2 17.4  
H21 Minami-senju 南千住 0.8 18.2
Arakawa
H22 Kita-senju[* 2] 北千住 2.1 20.3 Adachi
Through-service to/from Tobu Skytree Line to Tōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen and to Minami-Kurihashi via the Tobu Nikko Line
  1. ^ Naka-meguro is shared by both Tokyu and Tokyo Metro; Tokyu manages the station.
  2. ^ Kita-senju is shared by both Tobu Railway and Tokyo Metro; Tobu Railway manages the station.

Future stationsEdit

A new station, whose name is announced to be Toranomon Hills,[5] is under construction between Kamiyachō and Kasumigaseki, provisionally opened in 2020 June 6 to serve the 2020 Summer Olympics, and full opening by fiscal 2022.[6] Situated 800 m south of Kasumigaseki and 500 m north of Kamiyacho, it will be located on the west side of the Toranomon Hills commercial and residential complex which opened in June 2014, and will provide connections with a new bus and bus rapid transit terminal also planned ahead of the 2020 Olympics.[6]

Rolling stockEdit

PastEdit

HistoryEdit

The Hibiya Line was the fourth subway line built in Tokyo after the Ginza Line, Marunouchi Line, and Toei Asakusa Line.

Its basic plan was drawn up by a Ministry of Transportation committee in 1957. Called "Line 2" at the time, it was designed to connect Naka-Meguro in southwest Tokyo with Kita-Koshigaya in the northeast. The full northeastern extension of the line was never built, as the Tobu Railway upgraded to quadruple track within the same corridor to meet capacity demands.

Work began in 1959, with the first section opening in March 1961. The line opened in stages: the northern section, between Kita-Senju and Ningyōchō, was operational in May 1962; the southern section, between Naka-Meguro and Kasumigaseki, opened in March 1964. The final segment, bridging Higashi-Ginza and Kasumigaseki, opened on August 29, 1964, just weeks before the opening ceremony for the 1964 Summer Olympics. This was something of a coup for the Teito Rapid Transit Authority (the predecessor of today's Tokyo Metro), as the Toei Asakusa Line, which was also to be completed in time for the Olympics, had fallen behind schedule and remained under construction for the duration of the Games.

The Hibiya Line was one of the lines targeted in the 1995 Aum sarin gas attack.

On March 8, 2000, five people were killed and 63 were injured when a derailed Hibiya Line train was sideswiped by a second train near Naka-Meguro Station.[11]

NotesEdit

a. ^ Crowding levels defined by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism:[12][13]

100% — Commuters have enough personal space and are able to take a seat or stand while holding onto the straps or hand rails.
150% — Commuters have enough personal space to read a newspaper.
180% — Commuters must fold newspapers to read.
200% — Commuters are pressed against each other in each compartment but can still read small magazines.
250% — Commuters are pressed against each other, unable to move.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tokyo Metro station ridership in 2010 Train Media (sourced from Tokyo Metro) Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Tobu Timetable, 16 March 2013, p.177-188
  3. ^ The 地下鉄 [The Subway]. Japan: Sansuisha. 2004. p. 27. ISBN 4-06-366218-7.
  4. ^ Metropolis, "Commute", June 12, 2009, p. 07. Capacity is defined as all passengers having a seat or a strap or door railing to hold on to.
  5. ^ a b 日比谷線新駅の名称を「虎ノ門ヒルズ駅」に決定しました! [The name for the Hibiya Line new station has been finalised to be "Toranomon Hills Station"!] (PDF). Tokyo Metro. 5 December 2018.
  6. ^ a b 日比谷線に新駅設置、東京メトロ [Tokyo Metro to build new station on Hibiya Line]. Tetsudo.com (in Japanese). Japan: Asahi Interactive, Inc. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  7. ^ 東京メトロ13000系が本格的な営業運転を開始 [Tokyo Metro 13000 series enters full revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 27 March 2017. Archived from the original on 27 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  8. ^ 東武70000系が営業運転を開始 [Tobu 70000 series enters revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 8 July 2017. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  9. ^ "東武70090形が営業運転を開始" [Tobu 70090 series starts commercial operation]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 21 March 2020. Archived from the original on 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  10. ^ "東京メトロ日比谷線03系電車が引退 イベントもなく 営団地下鉄で初の新製冷房車". 乗りものニュース. 3 March 2020.
  11. ^ Failure Knowledge Database 日比谷線の列車脱線衝突 Archived 2009-02-11 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 11 March 2009 (in Japanese)
  12. ^ https://www.mlit.go.jp/tetudo/toshitetu/03_04.html
  13. ^ Kikuchi, Daisuke (6 July 2017). "Tokyo plans new effort to ease commuter hell on rush-hour trains". The Japan Times. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017.

External linksEdit