Toba (鳥羽市, Toba-shi) is a city located in Mie Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2021, the city had an estimated population of 17,741 in 8328 households and a population density of 170 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 107.34 square kilometres (41.44 sq mi).

Toba
鳥羽市
Overview of Toba
Overview of Toba
Flag of Toba
Official logo of Toba
Location of Toba in Mie Prefecture
Location of Toba in Mie Prefecture
Toba is located in Japan
Toba
Toba
 
Coordinates: 34°28′52.8″N 136°50′36.3″E / 34.481333°N 136.843417°E / 34.481333; 136.843417Coordinates: 34°28′52.8″N 136°50′36.3″E / 34.481333°N 136.843417°E / 34.481333; 136.843417
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureMie
Government
 • MayorKin'ichirō Nakamura
Area
 • Total107.34 km2 (41.44 sq mi)
Population
 (July 2021)
 • Total17,741
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
- TreeTachibana
- FlowerDianthus
- BirdCommon gull
Phone number0599-25-1112
Address3-1-1 Toba, Toba-shi, Mie-ken 517-0011
WebsiteOfficial website
Toba City Hall

GeographyEdit

Toba is located on the northeastern tip of Shima Peninsula in far eastern Mie Prefecture, facing Ise Bay of the Pacific Ocean to the north and east. The area is famous for oysters and for cultured pearls. The entire city area is within the borders of the Ise-Shima National Park.

Toba administers numerous islands in the Ise Bay, the most important of which are:

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Mie Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Toba has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Toba is 16.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1856 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.5 °C, and lowest in January, at around 6.2 °C.[2]

Climate data for Toba (1981 - 2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
9.5
(49.1)
13.0
(55.4)
18.6
(65.5)
22.7
(72.9)
25.9
(78.6)
29.8
(85.6)
31.0
(87.8)
27.4
(81.3)
21.9
(71.4)
16.6
(61.9)
11.7
(53.1)
19.8
(67.6)
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
1.8
(35.2)
4.4
(39.9)
9.3
(48.7)
13.9
(57.0)
18.2
(64.8)
22.4
(72.3)
23.5
(74.3)
20.4
(68.7)
14.6
(58.3)
8.9
(48.0)
3.9
(39.0)
11.9
(53.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 77.1
(3.04)
95.1
(3.74)
182.8
(7.20)
203.0
(7.99)
260.2
(10.24)
266.6
(10.50)
197.8
(7.79)
205.2
(8.08)
397.4
(15.65)
257.6
(10.14)
148.3
(5.84)
68.3
(2.69)
2,359.4
(92.9)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 159.8 156.4 172.5 179.2 176.4 140.5 174.2 198.1 143.5 151.3 153.9 166.4 1,972.2
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)[3]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Toba has decreased rapidly over the past 30 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 24,640—    
1930 23,632−4.1%
1940 24,488+3.6%
1950 30,222+23.4%
1960 30,521+1.0%
1970 29,462−3.5%
1980 28,812−2.2%
1990 27,320−5.2%
2000 24,945−8.7%
2010 21,413−14.2%

HistoryEdit

The area of modern Toba has been continuously inhabited since before the Jōmon period. During the Sengoku period, the area was under the control of pirates, from whom emerged Kuki Yoshitaka (from Nakiri district) as a dominant ruler. After having dominated the local seacoasts, he established Toba as his capital and built a castle there. Under the Tokugawa shogunate, the castle became the center for Toba Domain. In the Edo period, Toba flourished in trade and as a transshipment port between Osaka and Edo.

The town of Toba was created with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. Toba was raised to city status on November 1, 1954, by merging with seven neighboring villages in Shima District.

GovernmentEdit

Toba has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 14 members. Toba contributes one member to the Mie Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Mie 4th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Commercial fishing, including cultivated pearls, and tourism play important roles in the local economy.

EducationEdit

Toba has nine public elementary schools and five public middle schools operated by the city government and one public high school operated by the Mie Prefectural Department of Education. The Toba National College of Maritime Technology, one of the five maritime technology colleges in Japan which offers merchant marine programs such as Deck officer, Marine Engineering and other advanced programs related to maritime education.[5] is located in Toba, as is the Sugashima Marine Biological Laboratory - Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University.

CultureEdit

Toba city hosts the highest number of ama divers in Japan. "Toba and Shima, cities where you can meet ama divers" has been defined as the 73th stories of Japane heritage. [6]

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  JR Tōkai - Sangū Line

  Kintetsu Railway - Toba Line

  Kintetsu Railway - Shima Line

HighwayEdit

FerryEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Sister city relationsEdit

Notable people from TobaEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Toba city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Toba climate data
  3. ^ "気象庁|過去の気象データ検索". Retrieved 2014-12-26.
  4. ^ Toba population statistics
  5. ^ Marine Programs in Toba
  6. ^ Japan Heritage Portal Site 73th story
  7. ^ "City of Toba". Sister Cities International.