tmux is a terminal multiplexer for Unix-like operating systems. It allows multiple terminal sessions to be accessed simultaneously in a single window. It is useful for running more than one command-line program at the same time. It can also be used to detach processes from their controlling terminals, allowing SSH sessions to remain active without being visible.
tmux session, with two horizontal and one vertical pane.
|Initial release||20 November 2007|
3.1b / 4 May 2020
tmux includes most features of GNU Screen. It allows users to start a terminal session with clients that are not bound to a specific physical or virtual console; multiple terminal sessions can be created within a single terminal session and then freely rebound from one virtual console to another, and each session can have several connected clients.
Some notable tmux features are:
- Menus for interactive selection of running sessions, windows or clients
- Window can be linked to an arbitrary number of sessions
- vi-like or Emacs command mode (with auto completion) for managing tmux
- Lack of built-in serial and telnet clients (which some consider bloat for the terminal multiplexer)
- Easier configuration[better source needed]
- Different command keys—it is not a drop-in replacement for screen, but can be configured to use compatible keybindings
- Vertical and horizontal Window split support
- "tmux changelog".
- "Keyboard and Display Controls", Snappy Answers to Stupid Questions, OpenBSD, retrieved 7 December 2011
- Perrin, Chad (25 October 2010), "Is tmux the GNU Screen killer?", TechRepublic, retrieved 7 December 2011
- de Weerd, Paul (12 July 2009), "Interview with Nicholas Marriott on tmux", OpenBSD Journal, retrieved 7 December 2011
- "Tmux – the Terminal multiplexer", Linuxaria, 15 September 2011, retrieved 7 December 2011
- O'Higgins, Niall (4 June 2009), tmux, a BSD alternative to GNU Screen, retrieved 7 December 2011
- Alexander, Alex (17 May 2010), "switching from gnu screen to tmux", Linux~ized, retrieved 7 December 2011
- "src/usr.bin/tmux". OpenBSD source repository.