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Titas Ekti Nadir Naam (Bengali: তিতাস একটি নদীর নাম), or A River Called Titas, is a 1973 Bangladeshi film directed by Ritwik Ghatak.[1][2] The movie was based on a novel by the same name, written by Adwaita Mallabarman.[3] The movie explores the life of the fishermen on the bank of the Titas River in Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh.

Titash Ekti Nadir Naam
Titash Ekti Nadir Naam DVD cover.jpg
A poster for Titash Ekti Nadir Naam.
Directed byRitwik Ghatak
Produced byHabibur Rahman Khan
Story byRitwik Ghatak (screenplay)
Advaita Malla Burman (the original novel)
StarringGolam Mustafa
Kabori Sarwar
Rowshan Jamil
Prabir Mitra
Rosy Samad
Rani Sarkar
Fakrul Hasan Bairagi
Farid Ali
Music byRitwik Ghatak (music theme)
Ustad Bahadur Khan
CinematographyBaby Islam
Edited byBasheer Hussain
Release date
  • 27 July 1973 (1973-07-27)
Running time
159 mins
CountryBangladesh
LanguageBengali

Rosy Samad, Golam Mostafa, Kabori, Prabir Mitra, and Roushan Jamil acted in the main roles.[4] The shooting of the movie took a toll on Ghatak's health, as he was suffering from tuberculosis at the time.

Alongside Satyajit Ray's Kanchenjungha (1962)[5] and Mrinal Sen's Calcutta 71 (1972), Titash Ekti Nadir Naam is one of the earliest films to resemble hyperlink cinema, featuring multiple characters in a collection of interconnected stories, predating Robert Altman's Nashville (1975).

Contents

PlotEdit

 
Book cover of the English version of Titash Ekti Nadir Naam

A fisherman, Kishore, marries a young girl accidentally when he visits a nearby village. After their wedding night, Kishore's young bride is kidnapped on the river. On losing his wife, Kishore becomes mad. Meanwhile, his young bride fights with the bandits, jumps into the river and is saved by some villagers. Unfortunately, the young bride knows nothing about her husband, she doesn't even know her husband's name. The only thing she remembers is the name of the village Kishore belongs to. Ten years later, she attempts to find Kishore with their son. Some residents of Kishore's village refuse to share food with her and her son because of the threat of starvation. A young widow Basanthi helps the mother and child. Later it turned out that Kishore and Basanthi were childhood lovers. Director Ghatak appears in the film as a boatman, and Basanti's story is the first of several melodramatic tales.[6]

CastEdit

ReceptionEdit

CriticalEdit

So, for Ghatak, it’s like making a film on a civilisation. You cannot identify the theme of Titas. When you want to say, “What is this film about?” It’s impossible, it’s so difficult. If you talk about one thing then you just sort of reduce the complexity of that work. So some people have looked at Titas, especially some Western critics and this has been their kind of objection to Ghatak, that he’s melodramatic. To my mind he’s not melodramatic at all, I feel he is actually using melodrama only as a medium.

Mani Kaul[7]

Dennis Schwartz, who gave the film an "A" grade, wrote: "It's a passionate film made with great conviction, that features a marriage ceremony with the only sounds heard being the bride's heavy breathing. The pic is filled with traditional music, tribal customs, an abduction, a murder, a suicide, an insanity and starvation. In the end, it signals the demise of a long-standing culture because of various reasons, such as the inability to change with the times, the fractured nature of the village and their inability to deal with outside forces like money-lender schemers. It's a haunting and unforgettable film about the joys, anguish and rage of a community that was unable to survive. Ghatak clearly uses the story as a tragic analogy of what happened to the Bengali people as a result of the Partition of Bengal between British India and Pakistan in 1947."[8] Christel Loar of Popmatters (who scored the film an 8 out of 10) writes that "[i]n addition to using the river itself as a character, a metaphor, and a vehicle for the storytelling, another aspect of A River Called Titus is its references to Indian cultural and spiritual themes. Classical mythic imagery flows through the film on a course that parallels the river's, to a certain extent. Not coincidentally, the main relationships of Kishore, Basanti and Rajar Jhi mirror tales of the romantic life of Krisha [sic], and the lovers' triangle he had with his wife, Rukmini, and his lover, Radha."[9] Jordan Cronk of Slant Magazine called the film, in comparison to Dry Summer, "less tightly coiled, more meditative, an appropriate approach for a film preoccupied with the existential concerns of a gallery of characters living along the shores of the film’s namesake river. Spanning an entire generation, the film utilizes its main character, Basanti, who endures a litany of tragedies and mundanities alike as she’s married off only to be sacrificed to nature’s unforgiving advancement, as a symbol for countless victims of Bangladesh’s partition era, when the division of India and Pakistan left thousands of people impoverished."[10] Adrian Martin, scoring the film four-and-a-half stars out of 5, labelled the film a "pure melodrama". "He makes use of cultural archetypes familiar to the broadest Indian audience, such as the suffering mother, the wise (or crazy) old man of the village, the local gossips, the blushing, virginal bride" he writes, "and then twists narrative conventions, both subtly and provocatively. The film is, in line with Ghatak’s Brechtian orientation, a broken, deliberately disjointed melodrama, arranged in two starkly distinct halves, and gives itself the freedom to hop from one character’s story thread to another’s — an uncommon technique in world cinema of the time." He called Ghatak's "film language every bit as sophisticated and restless as that of Jean-Luc Godard or Lynne Ramsay. Ghatak was a poet of rupture."[11]

Conversely, Mike D'Angelo of The A.V. Club, who gave the film a "C-", called it "clumsily melodramatic tale of the fallout that occurs after bandits kidnap a pregnant bride." "Leaping forward in time without signposts and continually wandering off on pointless digressions," he writes, "the film is somehow both overly plotted (coincidences and conveniences abound) and dramatically shapeless, with its lauded anticipation of “hyperlink” cinema—abrupt shifts in focus from one character to another—often coming across as random. What’s more, Ghatak has enormous difficulty simply establishing a coherent tone; the story’s most tragic moment is so broadly played that it threatens to inspire laughter rather than anguish." Despite this, he lauded its "breathtaking black-and-white images on the banks of the titular river" and recommended Meghe Dhaka Tara, "his consensus masterpiece", as a better introduction to his filmography.[12]

Screenings in different festivalsEdit

  • 2017: Ritwik Ghatak Retrospective UK, at Dundee Contemporary Arts, Dundee, Scotland, UK, Programme curated by Sanghita Sen, Department of Film Studies, St Andrews University, UK [13]

AccoladesEdit

In 2007, A River Called Titas topped the list of 10 best Bangladeshi films, as chosen in the audience and critics' polls conducted by the British Film Institute.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "A River Called Titus (1973)". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  2. ^ Deanne Schultz (2007). Filmography of World History. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 153–. ISBN 978-0-313-32681-3. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  3. ^ Sisir Kumar Das (1 January 1995). History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956, struggle for freedom : triumph and tragedy. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 299–. ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  4. ^ Silver Jubilee, Bangladesh Film Archive celebrations, Events on the 2nd day, Ersahad Kamol, The Daily Star, 11 June 2004.
  5. ^ "An Interview with Satyajit Ray". 1982. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
  6. ^ "Martin Scorcese's World Cinema Project on Blu-Ray". TCM.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014.
  7. ^ Kabir, Nasreen Munni. "Mani Kaul interview on Ritwik Ghatak is a lesson in appreciating 'Titas Ekti Nadir Naam' and cinema". Scroll.in.
  8. ^ "arivercalledtitas". homepages.sover.net.
  9. ^ "A River Called Titas (Titash Ekti Nadir Naam)". PopMatters. 26 October 2011.
  10. ^ Cronk, Jordan. "Blu-ray Review: Martin Scorsese's World Cinema Project on the Criterion Collection".
  11. ^ "A River Called Titas". www.filmcritic.com.au.
  12. ^ D'Angelo, Mike. "Martin Scorsese's World Cinema Project is uneven but illuminating". Film.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 May 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Top 10 Bangladeshi films". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 27 May 2007. Retrieved 9 January 2014.

External linksEdit