Pulau Tinggi, ڤولاو تيڠڬي
|Location||South China Sea|
The island was nicknamed the "General's Hat" (將軍帽) by Chinese seamen hundreds of years ago.
The island is located about 20 nautical miles (37 km) southeast of Mersing Town, on the east coast of Johor mainland.
The island rises up to 600 meters above sea level at a peak named Mount Semundu. The interior of the island is mostly covered with secondary lowland Dipterocarp rainforest. It has fresh waters, fruits, rattan, timber and a sheltered harbour and coral reefs which abound with prolific marine life. It has a long coastline and white sandy beaches dotted with caves. The seas around it contain coral, fish and reef. The island mostly consists of pyroclastic rock with up to 5 mm diameter in size.
This island has the highest residential population among the east coast Johor islands, with the latest tally estimated at 448 people, from three village settlements: Kampung Tanjung Balang, Kampung Pasir Panjang and Kampung Sebirah Besar.
- bin Roselee, Muhammad Hatta (2014). "Petrology and Geochemistry of the Teluk Ramunia Volcanics, Southeastern Johor, Peninsular Malaysia; Implication for Middle Triassic Tectonic" (PDF). University of Malaya. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- "Pulau Tinggi". Tourism Johor. Retrieved 31 May 2018.