Unit cell of tin(IV) fluoride
stannic fluoride, tin tetrafluoride
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||194.704 g/mol|
|Melting point||above 700 °C (sublimes)|
|I4/mmm, No. 139|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
SnF4 can be prepared by the reaction of tin metal with fluorine gas:
- Sn + 2F2 → SnF4
- SnCl4 + 4HF → SnF4 + 4HCl
With alkali metal fluorides (e.g. KF) hexafluorostannates are produced (e.g.K2SnF6), which contain the octahedral SnF62− anion. SnF4 behaves as a Lewis acid and adducts L2·SnF4 and L·SnF4 have been produced.
Unlike the other tin tetrahalides, tin(IV) chloride, tin(IV) bromide, and tin(IV) iodide, which contain tetrahedrally coordinated tin, tin(IV) fluoride contains planar layers of octahedrally coordinated tin, where the octahedra share four corners and there are two terminal, unshared, fluorine atoms trans to one another. The melting point of SnF4 is much higher (700 °C) than the other tin(IV) halides which are relatively low melting, (SnCl4, −33.3 °C; SnBr4, 31 °C; SnI4, 144 °C). The structure can also be contrasted with the tetrafluorides of the lighter members of group 14, (CF4, SiF4 and GeF4) which in the solid state form molecular crystals.
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- Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E.; Wiberg, N. (2001). Inorganic Chemistry, 1st Edition. Academic Press. p. 908. ISBN 0-12-352651-5.
- Inorganic Chemistry [Paperback],2d Edition, Housecroft, Sharpe,2004, Pearson Education ISBN 0130399132, ISBN 978-0130399137