Timothy Whites was a British chain of dispensing chemist and houseware stores.
The origin of Timothy Whites was a ships' chandlers and general store in Portsmouth, started in 1848 by Timothy White. White himself qualified as a pharmacist in 1869. By 1890, Whites was one of four British pharmacists with over ten branches. Whites sold hardware as well as that which was normally found at a retail chemist's. In 1904 he had his company incorporated as Timothy Whites Ltd.
In 1935, Timothy Whites merged with Taylors Drug Co. Ltd. to form Timothy Whites & Taylors; the shops themselves were named either simply "Timothy Whites" or "Timothy Whites & Taylors". The company was taken over by Boots Pure Drug Co. in 1968. Immediately before the takeover, there were 614 Timothy Whites shops, which had had a combined turnover of approximately £33m in the year before the acquisition. As a result of the rationalisation that followed the takeover, Boots rebranded and absorbed the pharmaceutical side of the business, leaving Timothy Whites with just 196 shops that sold only housewares. The Timothy Whites name eventually disappeared in 1985.
- James B. Jefferys, Retail Trading in Britain 1850–1950 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954), 385. (Here — George Paaswell, Retaining Walls: Their Design and Construction — at Google Books.)
- Lesley Richmond, Julie Stevenson, Alison Turton, The Pharmaceutical Industry: A Guide to Historical Records (Aldershot, Hants: Ashgate, 2002; ISBN 0-7546-3352-7), 383. (Here at Google Books.)
- Stuart Anderson, Making Medicines: A Brief History of Pharmacy and Pharmaceuticals (London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2005; ISBN 0-85369-597-0), 122. (Here at Google Books.)
- Jefferys 435. (Here at Google Books.)
- Richmond et al. 383. (Here at Google Books.)
- Photographic evidence: here, here and here
- Photographic evidence: here, here and here; again, see Google Image for more.
- "The Boots Company Ltd" (PDF file), chap. 5 of The Boots Company Limited and Glaxo Group Limited (Now a wholly owned subsidiary of Glaxo Holdings Limited): A report on the proposed mergers (London: Competition Commission, n.d.), 25.
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