Timeline of aviation – 18th century

of aviation
pre-18th century
18th century
19th century
20th century
21st century begins

This is a list of aviation-related events during the 18th century (January 1, 1701 – December 31, 1800):


  • 1709
    • Portuguese Father Bartolomeu de Gusmão demonstrates a practical model of a hot-air balloon made of a paper envelope with burning material suspended below it to King John V of Portugal in the Ambassador's drawing room. Worried that it will set fire to the curtains, servants end its flight by dashing it to the ground. It is the first known demonstration of a practical lighter-than-air craft.[1]
  • 1716
    • Well thought-out glider-project of the Swedish scholar Emanuel Swedenborg. Basis for his construction are bird flight and the glider kite.
  • 1738
    • In his Hydrodynamica the Swiss scholar Daniel Bernoulli (1700–1782) formulates the principle of the conservation of energy for fluids (Bernoulli's principle), the relationship between pressure and velocity in a flow.
  • 1746
  • 1766


1783: First flight at Annonay.
1783: First manned voyage at Paris.
1783: First gas balloon flight.
1783: Sebastian Lenormand performs a parachute jump.
1785: First crossing of the Channel.
1794: First use in battle.
1797: First high-altitude parachute jump from a balloon.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Mondey, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of the World's Aircraft, Secaucus, New Jersey: Chartwell Books, Inc., 1978, ISBN 0-89009-771-2, p. 9.
  2. ^ a b c Gillispie, Charles Coulston (1983). The Montgolfier Brothers and the Invention of Aviation, 1783-1784. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-08321-5.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Guttman, Jon, "First Military Aviator," Aviation History, November 2012, p. 18.
  4. ^ "Navan Points of Pride" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-08-21.
  5. ^ Gazette d'Amsterdam 25 June 1784; Journal des sçavans November 1784 pp. 760–762.
  6. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  7. ^ Hibbert, Christopher (1988). "Sadler's Balloon Ascents". The Encyclopædia of Oxford. London: Macmillan. pp. 370–1. ISBN 0-333-39917-X.
  8. ^ Byrne, Michael (2007-01-09). "The Tullamore Balloon Fire – First Air Disaster in History". Tullamore History. Offaly Historical & Archaeological Society. Archived from the original on 2012-03-26. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
  9. ^ "Notable Dates in History". The Flag in the Wind. The Scots Independent. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  10. ^ Lunardi, Vincenzo (1786). An Account of Five Aerial Voyages in Scotland. London.
  11. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p. 29.
  12. ^ Shtashower, Daniel, "Book review: 'Falling Upwards: How We Took to the Air' by Richard Holmes," washingtonpost.com, December 13, 2013.
  13. ^ a b c d Guttman, Jon, "First Military Aviator," Aviation History, November 2012, p. 19.
  14. ^ a b Layman, R.D., Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849–1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-210-9, p. 15.
  15. ^ a b Wikipedia French Aerostatic Corps article.