Tilskueren (Danish: the Spectator) was a monthly cultural and literary magazine published in Copenhagen, Denmark, between 1884 and 1939. It was continuation of another magazine, Det nittende Aarhundrede (Danish: the Nineteenth Century), which was founded by Georg and Edvard Brandes.[1] The subtitle of Tilskueren was Maanedsskrift for Litteratur, Samfundsspørgsmaal og almenfattelige videnskabelige Skildringer (Danish: Monthly for Literature, Public Matters, and Popular Scientific Descriptions).[1]

EditorValdemar Vedel
Poul Levin
Axel Garde
CategoriesCultural magazine
Literary magazine
FounderNiels Neergaard
Year founded1884
Final issue1939
Based inCopenhagen

History and profileEdit

Tilskueren was established in 1884.[1][2][3] The founder and first editor was Niels Neergaard, future prime minister of Denmark.[1] The magazine had its headquarters in Copenhagen.[4] Tilskueren significantly influenced the Finnish cultural magazine, Valvoja.[5]

Georg Brandes, Martinus Galschiøt and Johannes Jørgensen were among the contributors.[1][2][6] Johannes Jørgensen who would launch an arts and literary magazine in October 1893, namely Taarnet, published a manifesto on his approach towards symbolism in the magazine.[7] Tilskueren also contained the articles by Jørgensen on Charles Baudelaire and Edgar Allan Poe among others.[8] Several short stories by Karen Blixen were first published in the monthly.[9] Tom Kristensen started his career as a literary reviewer and critic in Tilskueren in May 1923.[10] An excerpt from Amalie Skram's first novel, Constance Ring, was published in the magazine in 1885.[11]

Valdemar Vedel and Poul Levin served as the editors of the magazine.[1][12] From 1930 to 1939 the magazine was edited by Axel Garde.[1] In 1939 the magazine ceased publication.[1][2][3]

See alsoEdit

List of magazines in Denmark


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Bjarne Søndergaard Bendtsen (2013). "Copenhagen: From the Ivory Tower to Street Activism". In Peter Brooker; et al. (eds.). The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines: Europe 1880 - 1940. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 622. ISBN 978-0-19-965958-6.
  2. ^ a b c Jan Sjåvik (2006). Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 228. ISBN 978-0-8108-6501-3.
  3. ^ a b Sven H. Rossel (1992). A History of Danish Literature. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-8032-3886-2.
  4. ^ Richard A. Cardwell, ed. (2004). The Reception of Byron in Europe. A&C Black. p. 491. ISBN 978-0-8264-6844-4.
  5. ^ Glenda Dawn Goss (Summer 2003). "A Backdrop for Young Sibelius: The Intellectual Genesis of the Kullervo Symphony". 19th-Century Music. 27 (1): 57. doi:10.1525/ncm.2003.27.1.48.
  6. ^ "Georg Brandes still Sticks to Neutrality" (PDF). The New York Times. 26 March 1916. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  7. ^ Lief Sjőberg (1984). "Symbolism in Denmark". In Anna Balakian (ed.). The Symbolist Movement in the Literature of European Languages. Amsterdam; Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins. p. 589. doi:10.1075/chlel.ii. ISBN 978-90-272-8642-0.
  8. ^ David J. Mickelsen (December 1977). "Beating Frenchmen into Swords: Symbolism in Denmark". Comparative Literature Studies. 14 (4): 328–345. JSTOR 40245910.
  9. ^ "Posthumous Publications". Blixen. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  10. ^ Michael S. Byram (1973). The Novels of Tom Kristensen (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. doi:10.17863/CAM.15906.
  11. ^ Aina Nøding (2014). "Periodical Fiction in Denmark and Norway before 1900". In Paula Rabinowitz (ed.). Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Literature. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190201098.013.293. ISBN 978-0-19-020109-8.
  12. ^ "Dinesen, Isak". Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature. 2009.