Tilmanstone

Tilmanstone is a small village in Kent, in the South East of England, near Eastry, a much bigger and more developed area. Tilmanstone no longer has a village school; however, the independent Northbourne Park School is close to the parish boundary. The name of Tilmanstone has historically been famous for its colliery, although it is located in the village of Eythorne, operated from 1906 to 1986 as one of the four main pits of the Kent coalfield.[2] The population taken at the 2011 Census also included that of the nearby hamlet of Ashley.

Tilmanstone
St Andrew Tilmanstone 1.jpg
St Andrew's Church, Tilmanstone
Tilmanstone is located in Kent
Tilmanstone
Tilmanstone
Location within Kent
Population401 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceTR3051
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDEAL
Postcode districtCT14
Dialling code01304
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°12′54″N 1°17′42″E / 51.215°N 1.295°E / 51.215; 1.295Coordinates: 51°12′54″N 1°17′42″E / 51.215°N 1.295°E / 51.215; 1.295

HistoryEdit

 
The Plough & Harrow public house

The parish church of St Andrew dates back to the mid-11th century and is made of flint, with later stone and brick sections.[3] The church also includes the Tilmanstone Brass, which recognized Richard Fogge (c. 1482, a descendant of politician Thomas Fogge)[4] and features a point perspective with three-dimensional figures, something that at the time was only popular in Florence. The yew tree in the churchyard has been dated to more than 1,200 years, likely to be older than anything else in the village.[5]

The manors of Dane Court, South Court, and North Court form the foundation of the ancient village. The Kent Archaeological Society transcription of 1922 included the North Court and South Court Manor Court Rolls held in the Library of Lambeth Palace. These rolls cover the years 1753–1789.

MiningEdit

The Tilmanstone Colliery was located in the village of Eythorne, on the ridge to the west. The mine was opened in 1906 and was modernised in 1947 surviving until closure in 1986.[6]

An accident in 1913 killed three men and destroyed the pumping system, causing the mine to flood and work was abandoned for nine months.[7] The site was connected to the East Kent Railway (EKR) in 1915 and coal first brought to the surface in March 1916. Tilmanstone Colliery Halt railway station served the pit between 1916 and 1948.[8] An accident at the pit on 27 February 1931 resulted in Sydney William Padfield being awarded a bronze Edward Medal,[9] the only one awarded in the Kent Coalfield.[10] An aerial ropeway was built in 1930 to link the pit with Dover Harbour; this included tunnelling through the cliff at Dover to deliver the coal to a 5,000 ton bunker at the harbour.[7] It was little used after 1935, and was dismantled in 1954.[11] In 1945, the workforce was 914, with 631 being employed sub-surface and 283 above.[12] The colliery closed in 1988, having produced over 20,000,000 tons of coal. A system of tokens was used in the pithead baths and canteen[13] and a lamp check was operated, in common with the majority of pits.[14] All buildings have been demolished.[15]

Shafts sunk[16]
  • No 1. 1,559 feet (475 m)
  • No 2. 2,477 feet (755 m)
  • No 3. 2,077 feet (633 m)

Tilmanstone is on the Miner's Way Trail, linking the coalfield parishes of East Kent.[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  2. ^ Tilmanstone Colliery, Coalfields Heritage Initiative Kent
  3. ^ "St Andrew's Church, Tilmanstone, Kent". Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  4. ^ T.G.F. (1863). "Family Chronicle of Richard Fogge of Danes Court in Tilmanstone". Archaeologia Cantiana. London: Kent Archaeological Society. V. Retrieved 14 September 2018.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  5. ^ "St Andrew's Church History - EWB (Eastry and Woodnesborough Benefice)". Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Tilmanstone Colliery". Dover Museum. Dover Museum. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  7. ^ a b Coal Heritage in Kent
  8. ^ Edgar, Gordon (2016). Industrial locomotives and railways of the south and west of England. Stroud UK: Amberley Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-4456-4920-7.
  9. ^ "No. 33725". The London Gazette. 12 June 1931. p. 3837. PDF
  10. ^ Pitwork Archived 20 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ SimHQ Archived 25 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ List of Mines
  13. ^ Mining Memorabilia
  14. ^ Mining Memorabilia
  15. ^ Coal Mining in Kent
  16. ^ Kurg.org
  17. ^ "The History of the Coalfield Parishes". www.dover.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 13 January 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2013.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Tilmanstone at Wikimedia Commons